The Global Climate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2004

AUTHORS

Martin Claussen , Peter M. Cox , Xubin Zeng , Pedro Viterbo , Anton C. M. Beljaars , Richard A. Betts , Hans-Jürgen Bolle , Thomas Chase , Randall Koster

ABSTRACT

In this chapter, we present evidence that changes in landsurface, in particular those relating to vegetation-atmos-phere interaction, affect weather and climate at the global scale. We also show that without understanding vegetation dynamics we are unable to describe long-term climate variability, nor can we fully interpret palaeodimatic reconstructions or predict global weather properly. This chapter is organised as follows (see also Table A.1): In Sect. A.4.1, we present theoretical considerations. We show how vegetation interferes with the atmosphere and the other components of the climate system at the global scale, and we explore the consequences of the nonlinear character of atmosphere-vegetation dynamics. In Sect. A.4.2, we interpret palaeoclimatic and palaeobotanic reconstructions in the light of the theory being developed in Sect. A.4.1. In Sect. A.4.3, emphasis is given to the interaction of atmosphere-vegetation dynamics and the global carbon cycle. We mainly focus on numerical sensitivity experiments which highlight potential changes in the climate system under the condition of increased emissions of CO2. In Sect. A.4.4, we discuss the memory effects which soil moisture imposes on the global climate system. This memory effect becomes important where seasonal climate variability is concerned. In Sect. A.4.5, we present evidence that improved representation of atmosphere-vegetation interaction in a model of global weather forecast has substantially improved prediction skill. More... »

PAGES

33-57

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-18948-7_5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18948-7_5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018312853


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