Personality Disorders View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2004

AUTHORS

M. L. Wainberg , A. J. Kolodny , L. J. Siever

ABSTRACT

Recent years have witnessed an important growth in the understanding and treatment of persons with Axis II disorders. Research into the biological bases of Axis II disorders increasingly suggests that these disorders ought to be regarded less as a discrete category and more as existing on a spectrum with their Axis I cohorts. This chapter summarizes these studies as well as the studies into what pharmacological agents can contribute to the amelioration of symptoms. Each section of the chapter takes up a different “dimension,” or grouping, of behavioral traits exhibited by persons with Axis II disorders. Each section first summarizes the studies to date into the psychobiology underlying these traits and then discusses the various psychopharmacological approaches to target these traits. The chapter's primary focus, however, is on the use of antidepressants to treat many of the common symptoms underlying personality disorders. Studies evaluating the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) in treating impulsivity, affective instability, and anxiety are described. Although the emphasis is on antidepressants, studies that have looked into the treatment of these traits with other medications, such as anticonvulsants, beta-blockers, and benzodiazepines, are also discussed. Many agents have shown promise in curbing the traits that often accompany personality disorders, although the results have often been mixed. The findings reported on in this chapter suggest potential interventions and point the way toward future avenues of research into the clinical psychopharmacological management of patients with personality disorders. More... »

PAGES

489-515

Book

TITLE

Antidepressants: Past, Present and Future

ISBN

978-3-642-62135-2
978-3-642-18500-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-18500-7_17

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18500-7_17

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026419949


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