Epidemiology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2010-08-18

AUTHORS

Sally L. Glaser , Ellen T. Chang , Christina A. Clarke , Theresa H. Keegan

ABSTRACT

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a relatively rare malignancy, occurring in the United States (US) at approximately 1/20th the rate of lung cancer, and 1/7th the rate of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 2006 [1]. Yet, it has inspired a high degree of scientific interest because of the heterogeneity of its clinical presentation and behavior, with some aspects characteristic of malignancy but others recalling an infectious process; the complexity of its histology, including the infrequent malignant Hodgkin Reed–Sternberg (HRS) cell in an otherwise normal reactive infiltrate, and the variability of cell surface markers [2]; and its unusual occurrence in children and young adults, in whom it is one of the most common cancers [1], as well as in older persons. Motivated by these characteristics and MacMahon’s seminal papers on the epidemiology of HL in 1957 and 1966 [3, 4], epidemiologists have worked to disentangle the complexity of this disease so as to arrive at a clear understanding of its pathogenesis and etiology. However, even as findings from this research have helped elucidate some aspects of HL etiology, they have continued to reveal significant epidemiologic heterogeneity across patient groups that recalls the disease’s clinical and pathologic complexity. This heterogeneity complicates the interpretation of epidemiologic research conducted for HL as a single entity and perhaps challenges the classification of what is currently categorized as HL. Indeed, in 1999, HL was split into two main groups – classical HL, which comprises the majority of the subtypes, and lymphocyte-predominant HL, an uncommon disease considered a B-cell lymphoma despite HRS cell presence [5]. Regardless, the central feature of classical HL epidemiology is the very consistent observation of heterogeneity in its occurrence and risk factors. More... »

PAGES

3-20

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Book

    TITLE

    Hodgkin Lymphoma

    ISBN

    978-3-642-12779-3
    978-3-642-12780-9

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-12780-9_1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12780-9_1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033750853


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