Normal Colon View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013-02-11

AUTHORS

Thomas Mang , Gernot Böhm , Wolfgang Schima

ABSTRACT

Aim of this chapter is to describe the normal anatomy of the colon on the basis of 2D and 3D CT colonography criteria.In normal colon the wall thickness is thin (less than 2 mm) and may increase to 5 mm in collapsed segments.The colon is generally recognized by three morphologic key features, which can be clearly identified in CT colonography: the semilunar folds, the taeniae, and the haustra.The normal colon typically is divided in antegrade order into six segments: the cecum with the ileocecal valve and the appendix, the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and the rectum. The splenic and the hepatic flexure should not be considered separate segments.The ileocecal valve has a variable appearance, being classified as either labial, when it appears as a slit-like opening; papillary, when its shape is dome-like; or intermediate.Cases showing the normal colon anatomy are ­presented in the chapter. More... »

PAGES

1-16

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-642-11149-5_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11149-5_1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018445567


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