Biosphere–Atmosphere Exchange of Old-Growth Forests: Processes and Pattern View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2009-06-19

AUTHORS

Alexander Knohl , Ernst-Detlef Schulze , Christian Wirth

ABSTRACT

Old growth forests are a substantial part of the global forested area, but differ in age, structure and composition from younger or managed forests. In this chapter we review how these characteristics lead to differences in the biosphere–atmosphere exchange of carbon, water, and energy of old-growth forests compared to younger and managed forests. A global compilation of net ecosystem exchange data from eddy covariance measurements reveals that – in contrast to classical theory – most of the old-growth forests being studied remain net carbon sinks, and suggests that, rather than age, other factors such as tree structure and resource competition limits growth in forests. Water fluxes exhibit an ambiguous response to age with some old forests showing reduced water fluxes due to hydraulic limitation, while others show higher water fluxes due to better groundwater access and lower surface reflectance (albedo) in old and tall forests. More... »

PAGES

141-158

Book

TITLE

Old-Growth Forests

ISBN

978-3-540-92705-1
978-3-540-92706-8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-92706-8_7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92706-8_7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018218674


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