A Final Report on the Oxidation and Composition Gradients of Aged Painting Varnishes Studied with Pulsed UV Laser Ablation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2008-01-01

AUTHORS

C. Theodorakopoulos , Vassilis Zafiropulos , J. J. Boon

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses findings that establish the ageing-induced compositional and crosslinking gradients across the depth-profiles of two accelerated aged natural resin varnishes: dammar and mastic, which are commonly applied to paintings. Profile measurements of laser-processed films using a KrF excimer laser, as well as online measurements of the C2 emission by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), showed a significant reduction of the ablation step and ablation yield with depth, respectively. Direct temperature mass spectrometry (DTMS) showed that the oxidation products formed upon ageing were gradually eliminated across depth, which affected the depth-wise optical properties of the films studied by UV/VIS spectrophotometry. The total ion currents of the DTMS in the electron ionisation mode (EI, 16 eV) demonstrated also a gradual reduction of the pyrolysis yield which corresponded to a gradual depth-wise elimination of the high MW fractions that was confirmed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The gradients were established also by surface analyses, such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time-offlight- MS (MALDI-TOF-MS) and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), which indicated that the action of the KrF excimer laser is non-destructive to the varnish when optimal fluences are used for the laser cleaning process. The extracted data enabled the quantification of the compositional gradients and unraveled a significant feature of natural resins, which would not have been possible without the use of KrF excimer lasers. More... »

PAGES

249-256

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000438190


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0306", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, WC1E 7HX, London, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4868.2", 
          "name": [
            "School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, WC1E 7HX, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Theodorakopoulos", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01033725337.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01033725337.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Ioannou Kondylaki 46, 723 00, Crete, Sitia, Greece", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Ioannou Kondylaki 46, 723 00, Crete, Sitia, Greece"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zafiropulos", 
        "givenName": "Vassilis", 
        "id": "sg:person.014336254755.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014336254755.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, (AMOLF), Kruislaan 407, Amsterdam, The Netherlands", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417889.b", 
          "name": [
            "FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, (AMOLF), Kruislaan 407, Amsterdam, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Boon", 
        "givenName": "J. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012342662465.68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012342662465.68"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2008-01-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2008-01-01", 
    "description": "This paper discusses findings that establish the ageing-induced compositional and crosslinking gradients across the depth-profiles of two accelerated aged natural resin varnishes: dammar and mastic, which are commonly applied to paintings. Profile measurements of laser-processed films using a KrF excimer laser, as well as online measurements of the C2 emission by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), showed a significant reduction of the ablation step and ablation yield with depth, respectively. Direct temperature mass spectrometry (DTMS) showed that the oxidation products formed upon ageing were gradually eliminated across depth, which affected the depth-wise optical properties of the films studied by UV/VIS spectrophotometry. The total ion currents of the DTMS in the electron ionisation mode (EI, 16 eV) demonstrated also a gradual reduction of the pyrolysis yield which corresponded to a gradual depth-wise elimination of the high MW fractions that was confirmed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The gradients were established also by surface analyses, such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time-offlight- MS (MALDI-TOF-MS) and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), which indicated that the action of the KrF excimer laser is non-destructive to the varnish when optimal fluences are used for the laser cleaning process. The extracted data enabled the quantification of the compositional gradients and unraveled a significant feature of natural resins, which would not have been possible without the use of KrF excimer lasers.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Nimmrichter", 
        "givenName": "Johann", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Kautek", 
        "givenName": "Wolfgang", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Schreiner", 
        "givenName": "Manfred", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-540-72129-1", 
        "978-3-540-72130-7"
      ], 
      "name": "Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "size exclusion chromatography", 
      "laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy", 
      "electron ionization mode", 
      "UV/VIS spectrophotometry", 
      "total reflection Fourier", 
      "KrF excimer laser", 
      "laser-processed films", 
      "total ion current", 
      "painting varnishes", 
      "high MW fraction", 
      "ionization mode", 
      "oxidation products", 
      "exclusion chromatography", 
      "mass spectrometry", 
      "VIS spectrophotometry", 
      "natural resins", 
      "excimer laser", 
      "UV laser ablation", 
      "surface analysis", 
      "optical properties", 
      "MW fractions", 
      "matrix-assisted laser desorption", 
      "pyrolysis yields", 
      "spectroscopy", 
      "resin varnish", 
      "laser ablation", 
      "ablation step", 
      "laser cleaning process", 
      "breakdown spectroscopy", 
      "laser desorption", 
      "C2 emission", 
      "ablation yield", 
      "composition gradient", 
      "films", 
      "ion current", 
      "optimal fluence", 
      "cleaning process", 
      "dammar", 
      "laser", 
      "compositional gradient", 
      "oxidation", 
      "spectrometry", 
      "yield", 
      "varnish", 
      "desorption", 
      "chromatography", 
      "spectrophotometry", 
      "resin", 
      "online measurement", 
      "properties", 
      "products", 
      "fluence", 
      "measurements", 
      "quantification", 
      "emission", 
      "reduction", 
      "step", 
      "elimination", 
      "fraction", 
      "gradient", 
      "current", 
      "mode", 
      "process", 
      "gradual reduction", 
      "depth", 
      "ablation", 
      "significant features", 
      "analysis", 
      "painting", 
      "use", 
      "features", 
      "mastic", 
      "action", 
      "data", 
      "significant reduction", 
      "report", 
      "paper", 
      "findings", 
      "final report"
    ], 
    "name": "A Final Report on the Oxidation and Composition Gradients of Aged Painting Varnishes Studied with Pulsed UV Laser Ablation", 
    "pagination": "249-256", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1000438190"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000438190"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:54", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_459.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

168 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      103 URIs      96 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0306
3 schema:author N24be8c3e8113473281a0a14a049def48
4 schema:datePublished 2008-01-01
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2008-01-01
6 schema:description This paper discusses findings that establish the ageing-induced compositional and crosslinking gradients across the depth-profiles of two accelerated aged natural resin varnishes: dammar and mastic, which are commonly applied to paintings. Profile measurements of laser-processed films using a KrF excimer laser, as well as online measurements of the C2 emission by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), showed a significant reduction of the ablation step and ablation yield with depth, respectively. Direct temperature mass spectrometry (DTMS) showed that the oxidation products formed upon ageing were gradually eliminated across depth, which affected the depth-wise optical properties of the films studied by UV/VIS spectrophotometry. The total ion currents of the DTMS in the electron ionisation mode (EI, 16 eV) demonstrated also a gradual reduction of the pyrolysis yield which corresponded to a gradual depth-wise elimination of the high MW fractions that was confirmed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The gradients were established also by surface analyses, such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time-offlight- MS (MALDI-TOF-MS) and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), which indicated that the action of the KrF excimer laser is non-destructive to the varnish when optimal fluences are used for the laser cleaning process. The extracted data enabled the quantification of the compositional gradients and unraveled a significant feature of natural resins, which would not have been possible without the use of KrF excimer lasers.
7 schema:editor N9e7128d4e5e449e3ae01b97f365db35e
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf Nc333720de88d48c188334d0a706cc86d
11 schema:keywords C2 emission
12 KrF excimer laser
13 MW fractions
14 UV laser ablation
15 UV/VIS spectrophotometry
16 VIS spectrophotometry
17 ablation
18 ablation step
19 ablation yield
20 action
21 analysis
22 breakdown spectroscopy
23 chromatography
24 cleaning process
25 composition gradient
26 compositional gradient
27 current
28 dammar
29 data
30 depth
31 desorption
32 electron ionization mode
33 elimination
34 emission
35 excimer laser
36 exclusion chromatography
37 features
38 films
39 final report
40 findings
41 fluence
42 fraction
43 gradient
44 gradual reduction
45 high MW fraction
46 ion current
47 ionization mode
48 laser
49 laser ablation
50 laser cleaning process
51 laser desorption
52 laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
53 laser-processed films
54 mass spectrometry
55 mastic
56 matrix-assisted laser desorption
57 measurements
58 mode
59 natural resins
60 online measurement
61 optical properties
62 optimal fluence
63 oxidation
64 oxidation products
65 painting
66 painting varnishes
67 paper
68 process
69 products
70 properties
71 pyrolysis yields
72 quantification
73 reduction
74 report
75 resin
76 resin varnish
77 significant features
78 significant reduction
79 size exclusion chromatography
80 spectrometry
81 spectrophotometry
82 spectroscopy
83 step
84 surface analysis
85 total ion current
86 total reflection Fourier
87 use
88 varnish
89 yield
90 schema:name A Final Report on the Oxidation and Composition Gradients of Aged Painting Varnishes Studied with Pulsed UV Laser Ablation
91 schema:pagination 249-256
92 schema:productId N3ec4a0fca1c6402db95925f4ba9e8f82
93 N9586b54811344a479bb25dc217584c91
94 schema:publisher N6aba68aeea594d3fa993db64b3128ff2
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000438190
96 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29
97 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:54
98 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
99 schema:sdPublisher N56f25939a2dd48679278258fbcc4f910
100 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29
101 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
102 sgo:sdDataset chapters
103 rdf:type schema:Chapter
104 N22dd053c9d7d401d9de37b933299527b rdf:first sg:person.012342662465.68
105 rdf:rest rdf:nil
106 N24be8c3e8113473281a0a14a049def48 rdf:first sg:person.01033725337.88
107 rdf:rest Na1a4f7733ca044dca76f028b541c48d0
108 N30fe7b5bb5414fb7b5e153df3874ec03 schema:familyName Nimmrichter
109 schema:givenName Johann
110 rdf:type schema:Person
111 N3ec4a0fca1c6402db95925f4ba9e8f82 schema:name doi
112 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-540-72310-7_29
113 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
114 N56f25939a2dd48679278258fbcc4f910 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
115 rdf:type schema:Organization
116 N5f5bfede27ee48e0bd8e96d6ec5088bb schema:familyName Schreiner
117 schema:givenName Manfred
118 rdf:type schema:Person
119 N6aba68aeea594d3fa993db64b3128ff2 schema:name Springer Nature
120 rdf:type schema:Organisation
121 N727e9b072c884bafba5816b38df31cea rdf:first N5f5bfede27ee48e0bd8e96d6ec5088bb
122 rdf:rest rdf:nil
123 N9586b54811344a479bb25dc217584c91 schema:name dimensions_id
124 schema:value pub.1000438190
125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
126 N9e7128d4e5e449e3ae01b97f365db35e rdf:first N30fe7b5bb5414fb7b5e153df3874ec03
127 rdf:rest Nacb51757e5df465dbf9e081bb79e2ee1
128 Na1a4f7733ca044dca76f028b541c48d0 rdf:first sg:person.014336254755.19
129 rdf:rest N22dd053c9d7d401d9de37b933299527b
130 Nacb51757e5df465dbf9e081bb79e2ee1 rdf:first Nb0ccd65bf82843fc85d667ea9fd4d6a9
131 rdf:rest N727e9b072c884bafba5816b38df31cea
132 Nb0ccd65bf82843fc85d667ea9fd4d6a9 schema:familyName Kautek
133 schema:givenName Wolfgang
134 rdf:type schema:Person
135 Nc333720de88d48c188334d0a706cc86d schema:isbn 978-3-540-72129-1
136 978-3-540-72130-7
137 schema:name Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks
138 rdf:type schema:Book
139 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
140 schema:name Chemical Sciences
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 anzsrc-for:0306 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
143 schema:name Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 sg:person.01033725337.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4868.2
146 schema:familyName Theodorakopoulos
147 schema:givenName C.
148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01033725337.88
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 sg:person.012342662465.68 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417889.b
151 schema:familyName Boon
152 schema:givenName J. J.
153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012342662465.68
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 sg:person.014336254755.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
156 schema:familyName Zafiropulos
157 schema:givenName Vassilis
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014336254755.19
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Department of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Ioannou Kondylaki 46, 723 00, Crete, Sitia, Greece
161 schema:name Department of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, Technical Educational Institute of Crete, Ioannou Kondylaki 46, 723 00, Crete, Sitia, Greece
162 rdf:type schema:Organization
163 grid-institutes:grid.417889.b schema:alternateName FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, (AMOLF), Kruislaan 407, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
164 schema:name FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, (AMOLF), Kruislaan 407, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
165 rdf:type schema:Organization
166 grid-institutes:grid.4868.2 schema:alternateName School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, WC1E 7HX, London, UK
167 schema:name School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, WC1E 7HX, London, UK
168 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...