Cellulose Production Processes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1986

AUTHORS

R. F. Addison , A. B. McKague , Å. Larsson , D. J. McLeay , P. E. Ney , G. A. Parker , D. Rivin , G. Sundström , M. Tarkpea , C. C. Walden

ABSTRACT

The cellulose production industry utilizes large amounts and a wide variety of chemicals, operates various chemical processes and discharges large volumes of effluents. These effluents contain some unrecovered process chemicals and some wood extractives, as well as various extraneous chemicals which are formed during pulping and bleaching. Although the environmental significance of many of these compounds is unknown, cellulose plant effluent characteristics which potentially impact on the environment include abnormal pH, suspended/settleable solids content, oxygen demand, toxicity, color, persistent organics which are bioaccumulable, mutagenic chemicals and a fish-flesh tainting propensity. Toxicity is primarily attributable to resin and fatty acids, neutral wood extractives and chlorinated phenolics formed during bleaching. Mutagenic chemicals are primarily chlorinated molecules. Information linking chemical constituents of cellulose plant effluents to various other environmental effects, is sparse. Biotreatment of effluents reduces the concentration of most chemicals contained therein, and correspondingly reduces any potential environmental impact; excepting color. Concentrations of chlorinated phenolics discharged in cellulose plant effluents, which persist in the environment, are low and their environmental significance has not been demonstrated. More... »

PAGES

1-34

Book

TITLE

Anthropogenic Compounds

ISBN

978-3-662-16131-9
978-3-540-39468-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-540-39468-6_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-39468-6_1

DIMENSIONS

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