Multilevel Informality: Migration, Spatial Organization and Control in the Toi Market in Kibera (Nairobi) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2019

AUTHORS

Georgia Cardosi , Gonzalo Lizarralde , Susan N. Kibue , Lisa Bornstein

ABSTRACT

For decades, urban growth in developing countries has been examined through a formal-informal dichotomy. Conceptions of the “informal” urban development have evolved: from a temporary phenomenon to be eradicated, to a solution to unmet housing and services demands, and to a recognition of interdependent practices that overlap with the “formal” ones. Based on empirical evidence from Nairobi, Kenya, this paper examines how informality works and analyzes the governance of shared contested spaces. A long-term longitudinal case study is presented, the informal Toi Market, where data was collected between 2004 and 2016. Semi-structured interviews, focus groups, mapping, and observation from different periods provide insight into the market spatial organization, shedding light on informal-formal links, their underlying dynamics, and governance. Results indicate that urban informality consists of multilevel alliances among diverse stakeholders and is an integral part of, and not opposed to, formal urban development. Those alliances shape both horizontal and vertical structures in which community groups, external groups and institutions operate. Results further suggest that migration and the resulting dynamics of governance networks rooted in complex, and sometimes conflictual identity politics of urban dwellers, including ethnic affiliations, needs to be factored into the matrix of informal urbanism. The paper thus proposes adding the term multilevel informality to the literature on informality, suggesting the use of a concept that better reflects such complexity. More... »

PAGES

105-120

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Resettlement Challenges for Displaced Populations and Refugees

ISBN

978-3-319-92497-7
978-3-319-92498-4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-92498-4_8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92498-4_8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106184750


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