Misinformation Spreading on Facebook View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Fabiana Zollo , Walter Quattrociocchi

ABSTRACT

Social media are pervaded by unsubstantiated or untruthful rumors, that contribute to the alarming phenomenon of misinformation. The widespread presence of a heterogeneous mass of information sources may affect the mechanisms behind the formation of public opinion. Such a scenario is a florid environment for digital wildfires when combined with functional illiteracy, information overload, and confirmation bias. In this essay, we focus on a collection of works aiming at providing quantitative evidence about the cognitive determinants behind misinformation and rumor spreading. We account for users’ behavior with respect to two distinct narratives: (a) conspiracy and (b) scientific information sources. In particular, we analyze Facebook data on a time span of 5 years in both the Italian and the US context, and measure users’ response to (1) information consistent with one’s narrative, (2) troll contents, and (3) dissenting information e.g., debunking attempts. Our findings suggest that users tend to (a) join polarized communities sharing a common narrative (echo chambers), (b) acquire information confirming their beliefs (confirmation bias) even if containing false claims, and (c) ignore dissenting information. More... »

PAGES

177-196

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-10. Homophily and polarization in the age of misinformation in THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL SPECIAL TOPICS
  • 2014. TweetCred: Real-Time Credibility Assessment of Content on Twitter in SOCIAL INFORMATICS
  • 1955-11. Opinions and Social Pressure in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • 2010-06. When Corrections Fail: The Persistence of Political Misperceptions in POLITICAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2009-05. The dangers of denying HIV in NATURE
  • Book

    TITLE

    Complex Spreading Phenomena in Social Systems

    ISBN

    978-3-319-77331-5
    978-3-319-77332-2

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-77332-2_10

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77332-2_10

    DIMENSIONS

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