Computed Tomography View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Maxime Ronot , Romain Pommier , Paul Calame , Yvonne Purcell , Valérie Vilgrain

ABSTRACT

Cirrhosis is a heterogeneous and dynamic condition, associated with the progressive deposition of hepatic fibrosis that leads to increased vascular resistance at the level of the hepatic sinusoids, and to portal hypertension. Cirrhosis accounts for 90% of the causes of portal hypertension (PHT) in adults. Increased portal pressure is the main factor determining the clinical course of cirrhosis. An accurate estimation of the severity of fibrosis and PHT is essential to evaluate the disease state and prognosis, and is often the first step towards the optimization of treatment. Liver biopsy and invasive measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) are the gold standard techniques for the estimation of hepatic fibrosis and PHT, respectively. However, both are invasive and, as such, cannot be used repeatedly in clinical practice. As a consequence, the need for non-invasive diagnosis tests for cirrhosis and PHT is major. Computed Tomography (CT) is a fast, standardized, and cheap cross-sectional imaging technique based on 3D X-ray technology that provides an anatomical exploration of organs. In the field of hepatology it is routinely used for the exploration of patients with chronic liver disease and portal hypertension, but also for the characterization of focal liver lesions. This chapter aims to review the role of CT in the diagnosis, grading, and prognosis of hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension. More... »

PAGES

183-210

Book

TITLE

Diagnostic Methods for Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension

ISBN

978-3-319-72627-4
978-3-319-72628-1

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72628-1_13

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72628-1_13

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101719096


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curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72628-1_13'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72628-1_13'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72628-1_13'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72628-1_13'


 

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