APOS Theory: Use of Computer Programs to Foster Mental Constructions and Student’s Creativity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Draga Vidakovic , Ed Dubinsky , Kirk Weller

ABSTRACT

According to Piaget, the root of all intellectual activity is reflective abstraction. In this context, mathematical creativity arises through students’ abilities to make reflective abstractions. Considering that reflective abstraction is the main premise of APOS Theory, the theory provides a theoretical tool to guide the development of instruction that supports mathematical creativity. The letters that make up the acronym—A, P, O, S—represent the four basic mental structures—Action, Process, Object, Schema—that an individual constructs as he or she reflects on and reorganizes content in coming to understand a mathematical concept. Much of the instruction that involves the application of APOS Theory has been delivered using the ACE Teaching Cycle, a lab-oriented pedagogical approach that facilitates collaborative activity within a computer environment (programming and/or dynamic). The letters that make up the acronym—A, C, E—represent the three components of a pedagogical cycle—Activities, Classroom Discussion, Exercises—that facilitate reflection and collaboration. Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of this approach when applied to the teaching and learning of a variety of mathematical topics at the elementary, secondary, and collegiate levels. We illustrate this with a description of instruction for the topics of cosets, infinite repeating decimals, and slope. To introduce these examples, we provide a brief overview of APOS theory with all its components in the context of learning the concept of function. Opportunities for development of mathematical creativity are emphasized throughout the entire chapter. More... »

PAGES

441-477

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Creativity and Technology in Mathematics Education

ISBN

978-3-319-72379-2
978-3-319-72381-5

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106541242


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1303", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Specialist Studies In Education", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/13", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Education", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Georgia State University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256304.6", 
          "name": [
            "Georgia State University"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Vidakovic", 
        "givenName": "Draga", 
        "id": "sg:person.01120573540.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01120573540.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Dubinsky", 
        "givenName": "Ed", 
        "id": "sg:person.016413461715.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016413461715.34"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ferris State University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.255908.3", 
          "name": [
            "Ferris State University"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Weller", 
        "givenName": "Kirk", 
        "id": "sg:person.011331220147.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011331220147.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90029-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002829160"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008344527", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008344527", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.056", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012441468"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11858-997-0003-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017493832", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11858-997-0003-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02309532", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021341987", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02309532"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02309532", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021341987", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02309532"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1080/14926150902817381", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025981405", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14926150902817381"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1080/14926156.2013.816389", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026969522", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14926156.2013.816389"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90015-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030212131"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.3160480905", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033142520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.3160480905", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033142520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/0-306-47203-1_7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037990507", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-47203-1_7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039952933", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039952933", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01273732", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045991972", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01273732"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01273732", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045991972", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01273732"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046693607", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046693607", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00367914", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046792951", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00367914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00367914", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046792951", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00367914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90012-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050870058"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1080/14926156.2011.570612", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051801976", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1080/14926156.2011.570612"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052009071", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052009071", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052009071", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4219/jeg-2006-264", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072380247"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4219/jeg-2006-264", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072380247"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v4n1p68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072846881"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1090/cbmath/006/01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089185099"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1090/cbmath/012/05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089185217"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781139013536.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089380412"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109721428", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-01-01", 
    "description": "According to Piaget, the root of all intellectual activity is reflective abstraction. In this context, mathematical creativity arises through students\u2019 abilities to make reflective abstractions. Considering that reflective abstraction is the main premise of APOS Theory, the theory provides a theoretical tool to guide the development of instruction that supports mathematical creativity. The letters that make up the acronym\u2014A, P, O, S\u2014represent the four basic mental structures\u2014Action, Process, Object, Schema\u2014that an individual constructs as he or she reflects on and reorganizes content in coming to understand a mathematical concept. Much of the instruction that involves the application of APOS Theory has been delivered using the ACE Teaching Cycle, a lab-oriented pedagogical approach that facilitates collaborative activity within a computer environment (programming and/or dynamic). The letters that make up the acronym\u2014A, C, E\u2014represent the three components of a pedagogical cycle\u2014Activities, Classroom Discussion, Exercises\u2014that facilitate reflection and collaboration. Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of this approach when applied to the teaching and learning of a variety of mathematical topics at the elementary, secondary, and collegiate levels. We illustrate this with a description of instruction for the topics of cosets, infinite repeating decimals, and slope. To introduce these examples, we provide a brief overview of APOS theory with all its components in the context of learning the concept of function. Opportunities for development of mathematical creativity are emphasized throughout the entire chapter.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Freiman", 
        "givenName": "Viktor", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Tassell", 
        "givenName": "Janet Lynne", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-319-72379-2", 
        "978-3-319-72381-5"
      ], 
      "name": "Creativity and Technology in Mathematics Education", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "APOS Theory: Use of Computer Programs to Foster Mental Constructions and Student\u2019s Creativity", 
    "pagination": "441-477", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "38f6b618613a29058ff4cd9570658a5b747f091775c2222b0a0173ab4b7ebb94"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1106541242"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Cham", 
      "name": "Springer International Publishing", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106541242"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T23:35", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8695_00000605.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

166 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      51 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18 schema:about anzsrc-for:13
2 anzsrc-for:1303
3 schema:author N7963d2430e674a5e9eb877a09afa52fd
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/0-306-47203-1_7
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00367914
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01273732
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02309532
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z
11 sg:pub.10.1007/s11858-997-0003-x
12 sg:pub.10.1080/14926150902817381
13 sg:pub.10.1080/14926156.2011.570612
14 sg:pub.10.1080/14926156.2013.816389
15 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039952933
16 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052009071
17 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109721428
18 https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.3160480905
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.056
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90012-2
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90015-8
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90029-8
23 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781139013536.004
24 https://doi.org/10.1090/cbmath/006/01
25 https://doi.org/10.1090/cbmath/012/05
26 https://doi.org/10.4219/jeg-2006-264
27 https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v4n1p68
28 schema:datePublished 2018
29 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-01-01
30 schema:description According to Piaget, the root of all intellectual activity is reflective abstraction. In this context, mathematical creativity arises through students’ abilities to make reflective abstractions. Considering that reflective abstraction is the main premise of APOS Theory, the theory provides a theoretical tool to guide the development of instruction that supports mathematical creativity. The letters that make up the acronym—A, P, O, S—represent the four basic mental structures—Action, Process, Object, Schema—that an individual constructs as he or she reflects on and reorganizes content in coming to understand a mathematical concept. Much of the instruction that involves the application of APOS Theory has been delivered using the ACE Teaching Cycle, a lab-oriented pedagogical approach that facilitates collaborative activity within a computer environment (programming and/or dynamic). The letters that make up the acronym—A, C, E—represent the three components of a pedagogical cycle—Activities, Classroom Discussion, Exercises—that facilitate reflection and collaboration. Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of this approach when applied to the teaching and learning of a variety of mathematical topics at the elementary, secondary, and collegiate levels. We illustrate this with a description of instruction for the topics of cosets, infinite repeating decimals, and slope. To introduce these examples, we provide a brief overview of APOS theory with all its components in the context of learning the concept of function. Opportunities for development of mathematical creativity are emphasized throughout the entire chapter.
31 schema:editor N2261dbee39de49c0a14ce5fcfe2cceb4
32 schema:genre chapter
33 schema:inLanguage en
34 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
35 schema:isPartOf Naed048b4622843eda1ee1f583a0f5169
36 schema:name APOS Theory: Use of Computer Programs to Foster Mental Constructions and Student’s Creativity
37 schema:pagination 441-477
38 schema:productId N2b294991f9694b57ac600c297f047c7c
39 N5707e69bf9504ec79af73fe1c827b156
40 Ncd0117649b5840eeb9ec7e66d5cc754d
41 schema:publisher N32f7df152bfe493aa39c49c4c684aa84
42 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106541242
43 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18
44 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T23:35
45 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
46 schema:sdPublisher N6cc1125fbb434c0c87a7c2841757e26a
47 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18
48 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
49 sgo:sdDataset chapters
50 rdf:type schema:Chapter
51 N14b0f750c0bb4efb919ab51f24aa6c30 rdf:first sg:person.016413461715.34
52 rdf:rest N8f53379d86754f81a8261130473bcb9e
53 N2261dbee39de49c0a14ce5fcfe2cceb4 rdf:first Nf4a894afe33f45238da5f3f96be4176e
54 rdf:rest Nd5d0f66db388465d90967badc698d580
55 N2b294991f9694b57ac600c297f047c7c schema:name doi
56 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-319-72381-5_18
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N32f7df152bfe493aa39c49c4c684aa84 schema:location Cham
59 schema:name Springer International Publishing
60 rdf:type schema:Organisation
61 N5707e69bf9504ec79af73fe1c827b156 schema:name dimensions_id
62 schema:value pub.1106541242
63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
64 N6cc1125fbb434c0c87a7c2841757e26a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
65 rdf:type schema:Organization
66 N7963d2430e674a5e9eb877a09afa52fd rdf:first sg:person.01120573540.82
67 rdf:rest N14b0f750c0bb4efb919ab51f24aa6c30
68 N8f53379d86754f81a8261130473bcb9e rdf:first sg:person.011331220147.55
69 rdf:rest rdf:nil
70 Naed048b4622843eda1ee1f583a0f5169 schema:isbn 978-3-319-72379-2
71 978-3-319-72381-5
72 schema:name Creativity and Technology in Mathematics Education
73 rdf:type schema:Book
74 Ncd0117649b5840eeb9ec7e66d5cc754d schema:name readcube_id
75 schema:value 38f6b618613a29058ff4cd9570658a5b747f091775c2222b0a0173ab4b7ebb94
76 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
77 Nd5d0f66db388465d90967badc698d580 rdf:first Nf6b26e43f6b8402ca389642eca8a5962
78 rdf:rest rdf:nil
79 Nf4a894afe33f45238da5f3f96be4176e schema:familyName Freiman
80 schema:givenName Viktor
81 rdf:type schema:Person
82 Nf6b26e43f6b8402ca389642eca8a5962 schema:familyName Tassell
83 schema:givenName Janet Lynne
84 rdf:type schema:Person
85 anzsrc-for:13 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
86 schema:name Education
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 anzsrc-for:1303 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
89 schema:name Specialist Studies In Education
90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
91 sg:person.01120573540.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256304.6
92 schema:familyName Vidakovic
93 schema:givenName Draga
94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01120573540.82
95 rdf:type schema:Person
96 sg:person.011331220147.55 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.255908.3
97 schema:familyName Weller
98 schema:givenName Kirk
99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011331220147.55
100 rdf:type schema:Person
101 sg:person.016413461715.34 schema:familyName Dubinsky
102 schema:givenName Ed
103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016413461715.34
104 rdf:type schema:Person
105 sg:pub.10.1007/0-306-47203-1_7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037990507
106 https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-47203-1_7
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052009071
109 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2602-4
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00367914 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046792951
112 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00367914
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01273732 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045991972
115 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01273732
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02309532 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021341987
118 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02309532
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046693607
121 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-005-0473-0
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 sg:pub.10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008344527
124 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-005-2531-z
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 sg:pub.10.1007/s11858-997-0003-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017493832
127 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11858-997-0003-x
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 sg:pub.10.1080/14926150902817381 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025981405
130 https://doi.org/10.1080/14926150902817381
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 sg:pub.10.1080/14926156.2011.570612 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051801976
133 https://doi.org/10.1080/14926156.2011.570612
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 sg:pub.10.1080/14926156.2013.816389 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026969522
136 https://doi.org/10.1080/14926156.2013.816389
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039952933 schema:CreativeWork
139 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052009071 schema:CreativeWork
140 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109721428 schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.3160480905 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033142520
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.056 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012441468
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90012-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050870058
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90015-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030212131
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0732-3123(97)90029-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002829160
150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
151 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781139013536.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089380412
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 https://doi.org/10.1090/cbmath/006/01 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089185099
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 https://doi.org/10.1090/cbmath/012/05 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089185217
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 https://doi.org/10.4219/jeg-2006-264 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072380247
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v4n1p68 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072846881
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.255908.3 schema:alternateName Ferris State University
162 schema:name Ferris State University
163 rdf:type schema:Organization
164 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256304.6 schema:alternateName Georgia State University
165 schema:name Georgia State University
166 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...