(Short Paper) PieceWork: Generalized Outsourcing Control for Proofs of Work View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2017

AUTHORS

Philip Daian , Ittay Eyal , Ari Juels , Emin Gün Sirer

ABSTRACT

Most prominent cryptocurrencies utilize proof of work (PoW) to secure their operation, yet PoW suffers from two key undesirable properties. First, the work done is generally wasted, not useful for anything but the gleaned security of the cryptocurrency. Second, PoW is naturally outsourceable, leading to inegalitarian concentration of power in the hands of few so-called pools that command large portions of the system’s computation power. We introduce a general approach to constructing PoW called PieceWork that tackles both issues. In essence, PieceWork allows for a configurable fraction of PoW computation to be outsourced to workers. Its controlled outsourcing allows for reusing the work towards additional goals such as spam prevention and DoS mitigation, thereby reducing PoW waste. Meanwhile, PieceWork can be tuned to prevent excessive outsourcing. Doing so causes pool operation to be significantly more costly than today. This disincentivizes aggregation of work in mining pools. More... »

PAGES

182-190

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1997. PayWord and MicroMint: Two simple micropayment schemes in SECURITY PROTOCOLS
  • 2002-02-08. Micropayments Revisited in TOPICS IN CRYPTOLOGY — CT-RSA 2002
  • 2001-05-18. Pricing via Processing or Combatting Junk Mail in ADVANCES IN CRYPTOLOGY — CRYPTO’ 92
  • 1999. Proofs of Work and Bread Pudding Protocols(Extended Abstract) in SECURE INFORMATION NETWORKS
  • 2015. Proof-of-Work as Anonymous Micropayment: Rewarding a Tor Relay in FINANCIAL CRYPTOGRAPHY AND DATA SECURITY
  • 2002-09-24. The Béguin-Quisquater Server-Aided RSA Protocol from Crypto ’95 is not Secure in ADVANCES IN CRYPTOLOGY — ASIACRYPT’98
  • Book

    TITLE

    Financial Cryptography and Data Security

    ISBN

    978-3-319-70277-3
    978-3-319-70278-0

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-70278-0_11

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70278-0_11

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092750668


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