Hydration View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Matthew S. Ganio , Lawrence E. Armstrong , Stavros A. Kavouras

ABSTRACT

This chapter discusses the physiology of hydration, the evidence for how hydration affects performance, and practical applications for individuals who exercise. The body has an amazing ability to detect changes in body fluid, and individuals exercising are constantly losing body fluid through sweat. These losses are sensed by the body, and without proper hydration, can have a negative physiological impact. These detriments include increased heart rate and decreased cardiac output (i.e., amount of blood the heart pumps per min). The physiological consequences of mild-to-moderate dehydration include decreased performance in endurance events, along with decreased strength and power. Recent evidence suggests that mild dehydration (e.g., 1–2% body mass loss) can also lead to decrements in performance. This evidence has led to recommendations that individuals exercising should drink fluid at a rate similar to the rate of sweat loss. Calculating and using sweat rate is outlined in this chapter, which is more advantageous than just relying on thirst. Although hydration status during exercise is important, it is also important that individuals rehydrate after exercise and for the rest of the day. Last, we also examine the very important topic of overhydrating (i.e., hyponatremia). More... »

PAGES

83-100

Book

TITLE

Sport and Physical Activity in the Heat

ISBN

978-3-319-70216-2
978-3-319-70217-9

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-70217-9_5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70217-9_5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101110479


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