Computers from Plants We Never Made: Speculations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2018

AUTHORS

Andrew Adamatzky , Simon Harding , Victor Erokhin , Richard Mayne , Nina Gizzie , Frantisek Baluška , Stefano Mancuso , Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis

ABSTRACT

Plants are highly intelligent organisms. They continuously make distributed processing of sensory information, concurrent decision making and parallel actuation. The plants are efficient green computers per se. Outside in nature, the plants are programmed and hardwired to perform a narrow range of tasks aimed to maximize the plants’ ecological distribution, survival and reproduction. To ‘persuade’ plants to solve tasks outside their usual range of activities, we must either choose problem domains which homomorphic to the plants natural domains or modify biophysical properties of plants to make them organic electronic devices. We discuss possible designs and prototypes of computing systems that could be based on morphological development of roots, interaction of roots, and analog electrical computation with plants, and plant-derived electronic components. In morphological plant processors data are represented by initial configuration of roots and configurations of sources of attractants and repellents; results of computation are represented by topology of the roots’ network. Computation is implemented by the roots following gradients of attractants and repellents, as well as interacting with each other. Problems solvable by plant roots, in principle, include shortest-path, minimum spanning tree, Voronoi diagram, \(\alpha \)-shapes, convex subdivision of concave polygons. Electrical properties of plants can be modified by loading the plants with functional nanoparticles or coating parts of plants of conductive polymers. Thus, we are in position to make living variable resistors, capacitors, operational amplifiers, multipliers, potentiometers and fixed-function generators. The electrically modified plants can implement summation, integration with respect to time, inversion, multiplication, exponentiation, logarithm, division. Mathematical and engineering problems to be solved can be represented in plant root networks of resistive or reaction elements. Developments in plant-based computing architectures will trigger emergence of a unique community of biologists, electronic engineering and computer scientists working together to produce living electronic devices which future green computers will be made of. More... »

PAGES

357-387

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2009-02. Plant neurobiology: from sensory biology, via plant communication, to social plant behavior in COGNITIVE PROCESSING
  • 1997. A Rational Flow for the Toda Lattice Equations in OPERATORS, SYSTEMS AND LINEAR ALGEBRA
  • 1967-05. The specific resistance of biological material—A compendium of data for the biomedical engineer and physiologist in MEDICAL & BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTING
  • 2008-05. The missing memristor found in NATURE
  • 2018. Discovering Boolean Gates in Slime Mould in INSPIRED BY NATURE
  • 2016. Memristor-Based Nanoelectronic Computing Circuits and Architectures in NONE
  • 2014. Mecobo: A Hardware and Software Platform for In Materio Evolution in UNCONVENTIONAL COMPUTATION AND NATURAL COMPUTATION
  • 2002. Collision-Based Computing in NONE
  • 2014-05. Experience teaches plants to learn faster and forget slower in environments where it matters in OECOLOGIA
  • 2014-04. Evolution-in-materio: evolving computation in materials in EVOLUTIONARY INTELLIGENCE
  • 2007-06. Systemic signalling in barley through action potentials in PLANTA
  • 2006. Communication in Plants, Neuronal Aspects of Plant Life in NONE
  • 2012. Collision-Based Computing in HANDBOOK OF NATURAL COMPUTING
  • 2013-12. An improved agar-plate method for studying root growth and response of Arabidopsis thaliana in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2011-06. Material Memristive Device Circuits with Synaptic Plasticity: Learning and Memory in BIONANOSCIENCE
  • 2015-03. Slime Mould Memristors in BIONANOSCIENCE
  • 1994. Open problems in number theoretic complexity, II in ALGORITHMIC NUMBER THEORY
  • 2016. Physarum in Hybrid Electronic Devices in ADVANCES IN PHYSARUM MACHINES
  • 2006-02. Neurobiology: Efficiency measures in NATURE
  • 2016. Advances in Physarum Machines, Sensing and Computing with Slime Mould in NONE
  • 2002. Conservative Logic in COLLISION-BASED COMPUTING
  • 2006. Neurobiological View of Plants and Their Body Plan in COMMUNICATION IN PLANTS
  • 2006. Electrophysiology and Phototropism in COMMUNICATION IN PLANTS
  • 2017. Organic Memristor Based Elements for Bio-inspired Computing in ADVANCES IN UNCONVENTIONAL COMPUTING
  • 2010-04. ‘Memristive’ switches enable ‘stateful’ logic operations via material implication in NATURE
  • 2012. Root Exudates of Legume Plants and Their Involvement in Interactions with Soil Microbes in SECRETIONS AND EXUDATES IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
  • Book

    TITLE

    Inspired by Nature

    ISBN

    978-3-319-67996-9
    978-3-319-67997-6

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092408706


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Plant Biology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Unconventional Computing Centre"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Adamatzky", 
            "givenName": "Andrew", 
            "id": "sg:person.01052621004.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01052621004.19"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Unconventional Computing Centre"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Harding", 
            "givenName": "Simon", 
            "id": "sg:person.014257010441.15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014257010441.15"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "CNR-IMEM"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Erokhin", 
            "givenName": "Victor", 
            "id": "sg:person.0621447117.40", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0621447117.40"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Unconventional Computing Centre"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Mayne", 
            "givenName": "Richard", 
            "id": "sg:person.01212417305.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01212417305.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Unconventional Computing Centre"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gizzie", 
            "givenName": "Nina", 
            "id": "sg:person.01170527505.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01170527505.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Bonn", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10388.32", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Cellular and Molecular Botany, University of Bonn"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Balu\u0161ka", 
            "givenName": "Frantisek", 
            "id": "sg:person.0724415254.47", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0724415254.47"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Florence", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8404.8", 
              "name": [
                "University of Florence"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Mancuso", 
            "givenName": "Stefano", 
            "id": "sg:person.01135433141.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01135433141.85"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Democritus University of Thrace", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12284.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Democritus University of Thrace"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sirakoulis", 
            "givenName": "Georgios Ch.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010044400405.88", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010044400405.88"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2016.08.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001850869"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105159", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002402660"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-663-09823-2_4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002984623", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-09823-2_4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c4sc03425b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003289902"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003759425", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003759425", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12065-014-0106-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004931015", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12065-014-0106-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/19/20/205111", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005136731"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12668-014-0156-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005458034", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-014-0156-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1145/321105.321111", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006390419"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0743-1066(84)90014-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006622450"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0743-1066(84)90014-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006622450"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008042353", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008042353", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12377", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009646440"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01929.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009834756"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2008.03.041", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011065294"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016363551", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_24"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0070-2153(05)66007-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016780540"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029759", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016890270"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-08123-6_22", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018011283", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08123-6_22"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018033449", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018033449", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018033449", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es101685f", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018132574"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es101685f", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018132574"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33921-4_18", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019687778", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33921-4_18"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2003.11.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020081235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2014.06.006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020452480"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep01273", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020568784", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep01273"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2873-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021082121", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2873-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.95.2.594", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021155038"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2016.07.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021699043"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pssc.201400191", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022064864"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02474537", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023179683", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02474537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02474537", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023179683", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02474537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023331315", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023331315", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.01.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024881958"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.10.18165", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025496727"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1071/pp98098", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025637840"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026095741"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/439920a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027444493", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/439920a"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/439920a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027444493", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/439920a"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/439920a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027444493", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/439920a"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2004.11.056", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027539665"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-23047-9_2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028679485", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-23047-9_2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029535596", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030110845", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030110845", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.07.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030161130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/cta.4490020406", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030177054"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2006.06.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030614658"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2011.03.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031773075"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033134169", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033134169", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2006.01614.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034247744"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/12071290", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035082458"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/224/1/012071", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035166518"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035760527", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035760527", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2010.04.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036864636"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.2.4.4550", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037455181"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2015.06.015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037848166"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1038/embor.2011.218", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037947618"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966257", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038026457"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2009.10.072", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038066027"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-92910-9_58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038949462", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92910-9_58"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08940", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039201135", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08940"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08940", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039201135", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08940"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2012.03.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039590541"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2267211", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039717610"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-8472(93)90051-g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041372256"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-8472(93)90051-g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041372256"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemphys.2011.01.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041752551"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2014.09.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044493493"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-58691-1_70", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044726275", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-58691-1_70"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/19.2.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044761695"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12668-011-0004-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045245699", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-011-0004-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/23/30/305205", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046114635"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0804640106", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048744016"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2013.10.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048838510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6_5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049895446", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6_5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2016.07.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051407899"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.84.061702", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052219129"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.84.061702", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052219129"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature06932", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052714473", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06932"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2422750", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057855842"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4915343", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058093039"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/jproc.2011.2166369", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061297494"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/mcas.2016.2583673", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061389837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsii.2014.2357292", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061571109"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsii.2014.2357351", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061571110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tct.1971.1083337", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061579020"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tnano.2013.2241075", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061712948"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1142/s0218127412502835", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062956691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2012.047239", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067436831"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmei.2011.039073", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067473183"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2308928", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069877308"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/cib.2.1.7620", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072302248"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.1.3.3000", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072307354"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21517", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072307784"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084859948"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092405190", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_15"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/cnna.2012.6331426", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095225847"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1142/7968", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098933229"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1142/7968", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098933229"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-01-01", 
        "description": "Plants are highly intelligent organisms. They continuously make distributed processing of sensory information, concurrent decision making and parallel actuation. The plants are efficient green computers per se. Outside in nature, the plants are programmed and hardwired to perform a narrow range of tasks aimed to maximize the plants\u2019 ecological distribution, survival and reproduction. To \u2018persuade\u2019 plants to solve tasks outside their usual range of activities, we must either choose problem domains which homomorphic to the plants natural domains or modify biophysical properties of plants to make them organic electronic devices. We discuss possible designs and prototypes of computing systems that could be based on morphological development of roots, interaction of roots, and analog electrical computation with plants, and plant-derived electronic components. In morphological plant processors data are represented by initial configuration of roots and configurations of sources of attractants and repellents; results of computation are represented by topology of the roots\u2019 network. Computation is implemented by the roots following gradients of attractants and repellents, as well as interacting with each other. Problems solvable by plant roots, in principle, include shortest-path, minimum spanning tree, Voronoi diagram, \\(\\alpha \\)-shapes, convex subdivision of concave polygons. Electrical properties of plants can be modified by loading the plants with functional nanoparticles or coating parts of plants of conductive polymers. Thus, we are in position to make living variable resistors, capacitors, operational amplifiers, multipliers, potentiometers and fixed-function generators. The electrically modified plants can implement summation, integration with respect to time, inversion, multiplication, exponentiation, logarithm, division. Mathematical and engineering problems to be solved can be represented in plant root networks of resistive or reaction elements. Developments in plant-based computing architectures will trigger emergence of a unique community of biologists, electronic engineering and computer scientists working together to produce living electronic devices which future green computers will be made of.", 
        "editor": [
          {
            "familyName": "Stepney", 
            "givenName": "Susan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Adamatzky", 
            "givenName": "Andrew", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "genre": "chapter", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": {
          "isbn": [
            "978-3-319-67996-9", 
            "978-3-319-67997-6"
          ], 
          "name": "Inspired by Nature", 
          "type": "Book"
        }, 
        "name": "Computers from Plants We Never Made: Speculations", 
        "pagination": "357-387", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "d4c71986ec3a10c97556743c25b267df84618abab8489a685a8eb48243c6a34d"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1092408706"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "publisher": {
          "location": "Cham", 
          "name": "Springer International Publishing", 
          "type": "Organisation"
        }, 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092408706"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "chapters", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T10:39", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8659_00000280.jsonl", 
        "type": "Chapter", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    433 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      118 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
    2 anzsrc-for:0607
    3 schema:author N8be502e9a19f48ff87fa948ff539a067
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-58691-1_70
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-08123-6_22
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6_5
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33921-4_18
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_15
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_2
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_24
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-92910-9_58
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-23047-9_2
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-663-09823-2_4
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02474537
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2873-7
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s12065-014-0106-6
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s12668-011-0004-7
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s12668-014-0156-3
    26 sg:pub.10.1038/439920a
    27 sg:pub.10.1038/nature06932
    28 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08940
    29 sg:pub.10.1038/srep01273
    30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018033449
    31 https://doi.org/10.1002/cta.4490020406
    32 https://doi.org/10.1002/pssc.201400191
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-8472(93)90051-g
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/0743-1066(84)90014-1
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2014.06.006
    36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2016.07.002
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.002
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2004.11.056
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2011.03.010
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemphys.2011.01.014
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2013.10.001
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2014.09.005
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2015.06.015
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2016.08.004
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2008.03.041
    46 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2009.10.072
    47 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2003.11.008
    48 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.01.002
    49 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.07.005
    50 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2006.06.009
    51 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2010.04.007
    52 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2012.03.002
    53 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2016.07.008
    54 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0070-2153(05)66007-3
    55 https://doi.org/10.1021/es101685f
    56 https://doi.org/10.1038/embor.2011.218
    57 https://doi.org/10.1039/c4sc03425b
    58 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2422750
    59 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4915343
    60 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966257
    61 https://doi.org/10.1071/pp98098
    62 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0804640106
    63 https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/19/20/205111
    64 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/23/30/305205
    65 https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/224/1/012071
    66 https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/19.2.95
    67 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.84.061702
    68 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.95.2.594
    69 https://doi.org/10.1109/cnna.2012.6331426
    70 https://doi.org/10.1109/jproc.2011.2166369
    71 https://doi.org/10.1109/mcas.2016.2583673
    72 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsii.2014.2357292
    73 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsii.2014.2357351
    74 https://doi.org/10.1109/tct.1971.1083337
    75 https://doi.org/10.1109/tnano.2013.2241075
    76 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2006.01614.x
    77 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01929.x
    78 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12377
    79 https://doi.org/10.1142/7968
    80 https://doi.org/10.1142/s0218127412502835
    81 https://doi.org/10.1145/321105.321111
    82 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105159
    83 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029759
    84 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2012.047239
    85 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmei.2011.039073
    86 https://doi.org/10.2307/2267211
    87 https://doi.org/10.2307/2308928
    88 https://doi.org/10.3390/12071290
    89 https://doi.org/10.4161/cib.2.1.7620
    90 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.1.3.3000
    91 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.2.4.4550
    92 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21012
    93 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21517
    94 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.10.18165
    95 schema:datePublished 2018
    96 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-01-01
    97 schema:description Plants are highly intelligent organisms. They continuously make distributed processing of sensory information, concurrent decision making and parallel actuation. The plants are efficient green computers per se. Outside in nature, the plants are programmed and hardwired to perform a narrow range of tasks aimed to maximize the plants’ ecological distribution, survival and reproduction. To ‘persuade’ plants to solve tasks outside their usual range of activities, we must either choose problem domains which homomorphic to the plants natural domains or modify biophysical properties of plants to make them organic electronic devices. We discuss possible designs and prototypes of computing systems that could be based on morphological development of roots, interaction of roots, and analog electrical computation with plants, and plant-derived electronic components. In morphological plant processors data are represented by initial configuration of roots and configurations of sources of attractants and repellents; results of computation are represented by topology of the roots’ network. Computation is implemented by the roots following gradients of attractants and repellents, as well as interacting with each other. Problems solvable by plant roots, in principle, include shortest-path, minimum spanning tree, Voronoi diagram, \(\alpha \)-shapes, convex subdivision of concave polygons. Electrical properties of plants can be modified by loading the plants with functional nanoparticles or coating parts of plants of conductive polymers. Thus, we are in position to make living variable resistors, capacitors, operational amplifiers, multipliers, potentiometers and fixed-function generators. The electrically modified plants can implement summation, integration with respect to time, inversion, multiplication, exponentiation, logarithm, division. Mathematical and engineering problems to be solved can be represented in plant root networks of resistive or reaction elements. Developments in plant-based computing architectures will trigger emergence of a unique community of biologists, electronic engineering and computer scientists working together to produce living electronic devices which future green computers will be made of.
    98 schema:editor Nf170d23ac7a64dc4a5f0216093ffd883
    99 schema:genre chapter
    100 schema:inLanguage en
    101 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    102 schema:isPartOf Nf5f3798dfbb440829c6b81054d633e97
    103 schema:name Computers from Plants We Never Made: Speculations
    104 schema:pagination 357-387
    105 schema:productId N63cd09dbc2bc469d8af0b1a0f0be4caf
    106 Nf991de335a88414296b4a2629331bfd0
    107 Nfb55e4b62fb34f0ea979b363395bbe3b
    108 schema:publisher N42203c8e619d41e69eabbb16e9eee2bd
    109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092408706
    110 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17
    111 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T10:39
    112 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    113 schema:sdPublisher N044575cfc3434c4e9b8033a865e608e2
    114 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17
    115 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    116 sgo:sdDataset chapters
    117 rdf:type schema:Chapter
    118 N044575cfc3434c4e9b8033a865e608e2 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    119 rdf:type schema:Organization
    120 N1b7ca73eee194ea2b464d0ff99e4e9da rdf:first sg:person.01212417305.02
    121 rdf:rest N44bbaa4c64984efab891b0e30e2dfe3a
    122 N23975d89691b4bcf9146611a226a2106 rdf:first sg:person.01135433141.85
    123 rdf:rest N396598b415434739b6ecf0745ef7c671
    124 N396598b415434739b6ecf0745ef7c671 rdf:first sg:person.010044400405.88
    125 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    126 N42203c8e619d41e69eabbb16e9eee2bd schema:location Cham
    127 schema:name Springer International Publishing
    128 rdf:type schema:Organisation
    129 N44bbaa4c64984efab891b0e30e2dfe3a rdf:first sg:person.01170527505.89
    130 rdf:rest N655d08982dd6462698a265be8bebfb97
    131 N4511180e8fd24d61a51f52466c9b0751 schema:name Unconventional Computing Centre
    132 rdf:type schema:Organization
    133 N4bbd73598ad4458fb4be83b42880047b schema:name Unconventional Computing Centre
    134 rdf:type schema:Organization
    135 N4f6608c8b1fc46e48fd209ca2547feb1 schema:name Unconventional Computing Centre
    136 rdf:type schema:Organization
    137 N5bbe3f376aef4b46abae0a0e5bfcf64b schema:familyName Stepney
    138 schema:givenName Susan
    139 rdf:type schema:Person
    140 N63cd09dbc2bc469d8af0b1a0f0be4caf schema:name dimensions_id
    141 schema:value pub.1092408706
    142 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    143 N655d08982dd6462698a265be8bebfb97 rdf:first sg:person.0724415254.47
    144 rdf:rest N23975d89691b4bcf9146611a226a2106
    145 N8be502e9a19f48ff87fa948ff539a067 rdf:first sg:person.01052621004.19
    146 rdf:rest Nb3c7e3e4e3bd4660bb609b15a6dd416e
    147 N9fc48668fabb4a66b15bd7872e860927 schema:name Unconventional Computing Centre
    148 rdf:type schema:Organization
    149 Nb3c7e3e4e3bd4660bb609b15a6dd416e rdf:first sg:person.014257010441.15
    150 rdf:rest Neb8e8f770c1443ad966a1eca071427b0
    151 Nb59f8b5bf8374f5996534f9c0997f2d7 rdf:first Ncc02ff8d8d624351a048e5ead7c9cf5b
    152 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    153 Ncc02ff8d8d624351a048e5ead7c9cf5b schema:familyName Adamatzky
    154 schema:givenName Andrew
    155 rdf:type schema:Person
    156 Neb8e8f770c1443ad966a1eca071427b0 rdf:first sg:person.0621447117.40
    157 rdf:rest N1b7ca73eee194ea2b464d0ff99e4e9da
    158 Nf170d23ac7a64dc4a5f0216093ffd883 rdf:first N5bbe3f376aef4b46abae0a0e5bfcf64b
    159 rdf:rest Nb59f8b5bf8374f5996534f9c0997f2d7
    160 Nf5f3798dfbb440829c6b81054d633e97 schema:isbn 978-3-319-67996-9
    161 978-3-319-67997-6
    162 schema:name Inspired by Nature
    163 rdf:type schema:Book
    164 Nf991de335a88414296b4a2629331bfd0 schema:name doi
    165 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_17
    166 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    167 Nfb55e4b62fb34f0ea979b363395bbe3b schema:name readcube_id
    168 schema:value d4c71986ec3a10c97556743c25b267df84618abab8489a685a8eb48243c6a34d
    169 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    170 Nfead11b74bf64bee96591677ac5d139c schema:name CNR-IMEM
    171 rdf:type schema:Organization
    172 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    173 schema:name Biological Sciences
    174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    175 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    176 schema:name Plant Biology
    177 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    178 sg:person.010044400405.88 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12284.3d
    179 schema:familyName Sirakoulis
    180 schema:givenName Georgios Ch.
    181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010044400405.88
    182 rdf:type schema:Person
    183 sg:person.01052621004.19 schema:affiliation N4bbd73598ad4458fb4be83b42880047b
    184 schema:familyName Adamatzky
    185 schema:givenName Andrew
    186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01052621004.19
    187 rdf:type schema:Person
    188 sg:person.01135433141.85 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8404.8
    189 schema:familyName Mancuso
    190 schema:givenName Stefano
    191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01135433141.85
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 sg:person.01170527505.89 schema:affiliation N9fc48668fabb4a66b15bd7872e860927
    194 schema:familyName Gizzie
    195 schema:givenName Nina
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01170527505.89
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:person.01212417305.02 schema:affiliation N4f6608c8b1fc46e48fd209ca2547feb1
    199 schema:familyName Mayne
    200 schema:givenName Richard
    201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01212417305.02
    202 rdf:type schema:Person
    203 sg:person.014257010441.15 schema:affiliation N4511180e8fd24d61a51f52466c9b0751
    204 schema:familyName Harding
    205 schema:givenName Simon
    206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014257010441.15
    207 rdf:type schema:Person
    208 sg:person.0621447117.40 schema:affiliation Nfead11b74bf64bee96591677ac5d139c
    209 schema:familyName Erokhin
    210 schema:givenName Victor
    211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0621447117.40
    212 rdf:type schema:Person
    213 sg:person.0724415254.47 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10388.32
    214 schema:familyName Baluška
    215 schema:givenName Frantisek
    216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0724415254.47
    217 rdf:type schema:Person
    218 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-58691-1_70 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044726275
    219 https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-58691-1_70
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003759425
    222 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033134169
    225 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0129-1_3
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-08123-6_22 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018011283
    228 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08123-6_22
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018033449
    231 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22647-7
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035760527
    234 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6_5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049895446
    237 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26662-6_5
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33921-4_18 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019687778
    240 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33921-4_18
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092405190
    243 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67997-6_15
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030110845
    246 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029535596
    249 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_2
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016363551
    252 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-28516-8_24
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-92910-9_58 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038949462
    255 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92910-9_58
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-23047-9_2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028679485
    258 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-23047-9_2
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-663-09823-2_4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002984623
    261 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-09823-2_4
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02474537 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023179683
    264 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02474537
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 sg:pub.10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008042353
    267 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-006-0458-y
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-013-2873-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021082121
    270 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-013-2873-7
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 sg:pub.10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023331315
    273 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-008-0239-6
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 sg:pub.10.1007/s12065-014-0106-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004931015
    276 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12065-014-0106-6
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 sg:pub.10.1007/s12668-011-0004-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045245699
    279 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-011-0004-7
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 sg:pub.10.1007/s12668-014-0156-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005458034
    282 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-014-0156-3
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 sg:pub.10.1038/439920a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027444493
    285 https://doi.org/10.1038/439920a
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 sg:pub.10.1038/nature06932 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052714473
    288 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06932
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08940 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039201135
    291 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08940
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 sg:pub.10.1038/srep01273 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020568784
    294 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep01273
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018033449 schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1002/cta.4490020406 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030177054
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1002/pssc.201400191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022064864
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-8472(93)90051-g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041372256
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1016/0743-1066(84)90014-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006622450
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2014.06.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020452480
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2016.07.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021699043
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084859948
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2004.11.056 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027539665
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2011.03.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031773075
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemphys.2011.01.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041752551
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2013.10.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048838510
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2014.09.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044493493
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2015.06.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037848166
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2016.08.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001850869
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2008.03.041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011065294
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2009.10.072 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038066027
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2003.11.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020081235
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.01.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024881958
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.07.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030161130
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2006.06.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030614658
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2010.04.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036864636
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2012.03.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039590541
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2016.07.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051407899
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0070-2153(05)66007-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016780540
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1021/es101685f schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018132574
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1038/embor.2011.218 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037947618
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1039/c4sc03425b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003289902
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2422750 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057855842
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4915343 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058093039
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966257 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038026457
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1071/pp98098 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025637840
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0804640106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048744016
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/19/20/205111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005136731
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/23/30/305205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046114635
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/224/1/012071 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035166518
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/19.2.95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044761695
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.84.061702 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052219129
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.95.2.594 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021155038
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1109/cnna.2012.6331426 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095225847
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1109/jproc.2011.2166369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061297494
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1109/mcas.2016.2583673 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061389837
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsii.2014.2357292 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061571109
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsii.2014.2357351 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061571110
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1109/tct.1971.1083337 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061579020
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1109/tnano.2013.2241075 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061712948
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2006.01614.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034247744
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01929.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009834756
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12377 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009646440
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1142/7968 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098933229
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1142/s0218127412502835 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062956691
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.1145/321105.321111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006390419
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002402660
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029759 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016890270
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2012.047239 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067436831
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmei.2011.039073 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067473183
    406 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    407 https://doi.org/10.2307/2267211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039717610
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 https://doi.org/10.2307/2308928 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069877308
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 https://doi.org/10.3390/12071290 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035082458
    412 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    413 https://doi.org/10.4161/cib.2.1.7620 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072302248
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.1.3.3000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072307354
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.2.4.4550 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037455181
    418 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    419 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026095741
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21517 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072307784
    422 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    423 https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.10.18165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025496727
    424 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    425 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10388.32 schema:alternateName University of Bonn
    426 schema:name Institute of Cellular and Molecular Botany, University of Bonn
    427 rdf:type schema:Organization
    428 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12284.3d schema:alternateName Democritus University of Thrace
    429 schema:name Democritus University of Thrace
    430 rdf:type schema:Organization
    431 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8404.8 schema:alternateName University of Florence
    432 schema:name University of Florence
    433 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...