Inferring Parameters for an Elementary Step Model of DNA Structure Kinetics with Locally Context-Dependent Arrhenius Rates View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2017-08-24

AUTHORS

Sedigheh Zolaktaf , Frits Dannenberg , Xander Rudelis , Anne Condon , Joseph M. Schaeffer , Mark Schmidt , Chris Thachuk , Erik Winfree

ABSTRACT

Models of nucleic acid thermal stability are calibrated to a wide range of experimental observations, and typically predict equilibrium probabilities of nucleic acid secondary structures with reasonable accuracy. By comparison, a similar calibration and evaluation of nucleic acid kinetic models to a broad range of measurements has not been attempted so far. We introduce an Arrhenius model of interacting nucleic acid kinetics that relates the activation energy of a state transition with the immediate local environment of the affected base pair. Our model can be used in stochastic simulations to estimate kinetic properties and is consistent with existing thermodynamic models. We infer parameters for our model using an ensemble Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach on a training dataset with 320 kinetic measurements of hairpin closing and opening, helix association and dissociation, bubble closing and toehold-mediated strand exchange. Our new model surpasses the performance of the previously established Metropolis model both on the training set and on a testing set of size 56 composed of toehold-mediated 3-way strand displacement with mismatches and hairpin opening and closing rates: reaction rates are predicted to within a factor of three for \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$93.4\%$$\end{document} and \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$78.5\%$$\end{document} of reactions for the training and testing sets, respectively. More... »

PAGES

172-187

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-66799-7_12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66799-7_12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091309477


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