Herbert Spencer, “The Militant Type of Society” (1882) View Full Text


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Chapter Info

DATE

2017-12-01

AUTHORS

David M. Hart , Gary Chartier , Ross Miller Kenyon , Roderick T. Long

ABSTRACT

Spencer develops an elaborate description of the kinds of societies which are based upon the two different means of acquiring wealth, the “militant type” (based upon coercion) and the “industrial type” (based upon voluntary production and exchange). In militant societies class rule is based on servicing the needs of the military, the citizens are subordinate to the State, the non-combatant part of society is forced to supply the needs of the combatant part, political authority is centralized as in the military, and private associations if they are allowed to exist are strictly regulated. Since the military state cannot be dependent upon foreign trade, a policy of economic autonomy or autarky is followed. In other words, the individual is completely regimented and is owned by the State. More... »

PAGES

147-152

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-64894-1_22

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64894-1_22

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093077634


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