Bioclimatology of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2017-09-13

AUTHORS

Salvador Rivas-Martínez , Ángel Penas , Sara del Río , Tomás Emilio Díaz González , Salvador Rivas-Sáenz

ABSTRACT

According to criteria and proposals of S. Rivas-Martínez, S. Rivas-Sáenz and A. Penas (Glob Geobot 1(1):1–634, 2011a) with which they established a world bioclimatic classification system, two macrobioclimates (Temperate and Mediterranean), eight bioclimates (temperate hyperoceanic, temperate oceanic, temperate xeric, mediterranean pluviseasonal-oceanic, mediterranean pluviseasonal-continental, mediterranean xeric-oceanic and mediterranean desertic-oceanic), two bioclimatic variants (steppic and submediterranean), 11 thermotypes (thermotemperate, mesotemperate, supratemperate, orotemperate, cryorotemperate, inframediterraean, thermomediterranean, mesomediterranean, supramediterranean, oromediterranean and cryoromediterraean) and seven ombrotypes (arid, semiarid, dry, subhumid, humid, hyperhumid and ultrahyperhumid) are recognized in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands. In addition to this, six types of continentality (euhyperoceanic, subhyperoceanic, semihyperoceanic, euoceanic, semicontinental and subcontinental) are also recognized. Furthermore, relationships between potential natural vegetation (sigmeta, geosigmeta, permasigmata, minorisigmeta and geopermasigmeta) and the bioclimatic units existing in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands are set. More... »

PAGES

29-80

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-54784-8_2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-54784-8_2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091674880


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