Bone Mineral Densitometry Pitfalls View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2017-08-12

AUTHORS

Giuseppe Guglielmi , Federico Ponti , Sara Guerri , Alberto Bazzocchi

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a widespread disease and represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly, especially in developed countries. The burden of osteoporosis is extremely high, both in terms of morbidity and in socioeconomic costs associated with the disease and its complications. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) represents the gold standard for diagnosis and monitoring osteoporosis and low bone mass conditions. Over the past few years, there has been an impressive increase in the use of bone densitometry. The latest generation of scanners provides images of enhanced resolution with the important advantage of a very low radiation dose received by patients (approximately between 1 and 10 μSv). Despite all of this, DXA is often little understood among radiologists. To correctly perform and report a DXA examination, a deep knowledge of the appropriate clinical indications, scan acquisition modalities, images analysis, and potential pitfalls is required. Both the technologists who perform the test and the physicians who interpretate the results must have sufficient expertise in identifying common sources of mistakes (which can occur in every step of the examination, from patient preparation to data analysis) in order to avoid them. More... »

PAGES

893-923

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-53496-1_41

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53496-1_41

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091160052


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