A Force-Based Model to Reproduce Stop-and-Go Waves in Pedestrian Dynamics View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2016-12-11

AUTHORS

Mohcine Chraibi , Antoine Tordeux , Andreas Schadschneider

ABSTRACT

Stop-and-go waves in single-filemovement are a phenomenon that is observed empirically in pedestrian dynamics. It manifests itself by the co-existence of two phases: moving and stopping pedestrians. We show analytically based on a simplified one-dimensional scenario that under some conditions the system can have unstable homogeneous solutions. Hence, oscillations in the trajectories and instabilities emerge during simulations. To our knowledge there exists no force-based model which is collision- and oscillation-free and meanwhile can reproduce phase separation. We develop a new force-based model for pedestrian dynamics able to reproduce qualitatively the phenomenon of phase separation. We investigate analytically the stability condition of the model and define regimes of parameter values where phase separation can be observed. We show by means of simulations that the predefined conditions lead in fact to the expected behaviour and validate our model with respect to empirical findings. More... »

PAGES

169-175

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005663395


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0299", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, J\u00fclich Supercomputing Centre, 52428, J\u00fclich, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6", 
          "name": [
            "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, J\u00fclich Supercomputing Centre, 52428, J\u00fclich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chraibi", 
        "givenName": "Mohcine", 
        "id": "sg:person.012724113050.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012724113050.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, J\u00fclich Supercomputing Centre, 52428, J\u00fclich, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6", 
          "name": [
            "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, J\u00fclich Supercomputing Centre, 52428, J\u00fclich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tordeux", 
        "givenName": "Antoine", 
        "id": "sg:person.0711244634.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0711244634.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute for Theoretical Physics, Universit\u00e4t zu K\u00f6ln, 50937, K\u00f6ln, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e", 
          "name": [
            "Institute for Theoretical Physics, Universit\u00e4t zu K\u00f6ln, 50937, K\u00f6ln, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schadschneider", 
        "givenName": "Andreas", 
        "id": "sg:person.01347445124.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01347445124.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016-12-11", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-12-11", 
    "description": "Stop-and-go waves in single-filemovement are a phenomenon that is observed empirically in pedestrian dynamics. It manifests itself by the co-existence of two phases: moving and stopping pedestrians. We show analytically based on a simplified one-dimensional scenario that under some conditions the system can have unstable homogeneous solutions. Hence, oscillations in the trajectories and instabilities emerge during simulations. To our knowledge there exists no force-based model which is collision- and oscillation-free and meanwhile can reproduce phase separation. We develop a new force-based model for pedestrian dynamics able to reproduce qualitatively the phenomenon of phase separation. We investigate analytically the stability condition of the model and define regimes of parameter values where phase separation can be observed. We show by means of simulations that the predefined conditions lead in fact to the expected behaviour and validate our model with respect to empirical findings.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Knoop", 
        "givenName": "Victor L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Daamen", 
        "givenName": "Winnie", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-319-33481-3", 
        "978-3-319-33482-0"
      ], 
      "name": "Traffic and Granular Flow '15", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "force-based model", 
      "phase separation", 
      "pedestrian dynamics", 
      "means of simulations", 
      "one-dimensional scenario", 
      "stability conditions", 
      "simulations", 
      "waves", 
      "separation", 
      "parameter values", 
      "homogeneous solution", 
      "conditions", 
      "model", 
      "dynamics", 
      "force", 
      "phenomenon", 
      "pedestrians", 
      "instability", 
      "solution", 
      "oscillations", 
      "phase", 
      "behavior", 
      "regime", 
      "system", 
      "scenarios", 
      "stops", 
      "trajectories", 
      "collisions", 
      "values", 
      "respect", 
      "means", 
      "fact", 
      "knowledge", 
      "findings", 
      "empirical findings"
    ], 
    "name": "A Force-Based Model to Reproduce Stop-and-Go Waves in Pedestrian Dynamics", 
    "pagination": "169-175", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1005663395"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005663395"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-06-01T22:33", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220601/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_338.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

117 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      60 URIs      53 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0299
3 schema:author N17d11a79e4324b3781ffafaa575c925d
4 schema:datePublished 2016-12-11
5 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-12-11
6 schema:description Stop-and-go waves in single-filemovement are a phenomenon that is observed empirically in pedestrian dynamics. It manifests itself by the co-existence of two phases: moving and stopping pedestrians. We show analytically based on a simplified one-dimensional scenario that under some conditions the system can have unstable homogeneous solutions. Hence, oscillations in the trajectories and instabilities emerge during simulations. To our knowledge there exists no force-based model which is collision- and oscillation-free and meanwhile can reproduce phase separation. We develop a new force-based model for pedestrian dynamics able to reproduce qualitatively the phenomenon of phase separation. We investigate analytically the stability condition of the model and define regimes of parameter values where phase separation can be observed. We show by means of simulations that the predefined conditions lead in fact to the expected behaviour and validate our model with respect to empirical findings.
7 schema:editor N5bfccf8a566342ec824cdc07b7762a9a
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
11 schema:isPartOf Nd66e5b2adef5434db51eeccba6cb6f06
12 schema:keywords behavior
13 collisions
14 conditions
15 dynamics
16 empirical findings
17 fact
18 findings
19 force
20 force-based model
21 homogeneous solution
22 instability
23 knowledge
24 means
25 means of simulations
26 model
27 one-dimensional scenario
28 oscillations
29 parameter values
30 pedestrian dynamics
31 pedestrians
32 phase
33 phase separation
34 phenomenon
35 regime
36 respect
37 scenarios
38 separation
39 simulations
40 solution
41 stability conditions
42 stops
43 system
44 trajectories
45 values
46 waves
47 schema:name A Force-Based Model to Reproduce Stop-and-Go Waves in Pedestrian Dynamics
48 schema:pagination 169-175
49 schema:productId Na84c4da1511d4c98b8aed8ac76b0c069
50 Nc2a7dd68b6024709928cebecd9f92cc9
51 schema:publisher N1ce5ae250a7643d1bc9e11ad420a63c7
52 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005663395
53 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22
54 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-06-01T22:33
55 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
56 schema:sdPublisher N27ecae71e6444dba83d697094eada50c
57 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22
58 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
59 sgo:sdDataset chapters
60 rdf:type schema:Chapter
61 N1465b8e054734863bd99e885f4d7db56 rdf:first sg:person.0711244634.52
62 rdf:rest N2ada48b538d74c80a29587b190398eb1
63 N1575ee0d27cc4d2aa0d86e5b96c2c77e rdf:first Nc65d143699914b16bda044b1c0a30bb5
64 rdf:rest rdf:nil
65 N17d11a79e4324b3781ffafaa575c925d rdf:first sg:person.012724113050.28
66 rdf:rest N1465b8e054734863bd99e885f4d7db56
67 N1ce5ae250a7643d1bc9e11ad420a63c7 schema:name Springer Nature
68 rdf:type schema:Organisation
69 N1fe1a78b483841df87be3b073ea348c6 schema:familyName Knoop
70 schema:givenName Victor L.
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 N27ecae71e6444dba83d697094eada50c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
73 rdf:type schema:Organization
74 N2ada48b538d74c80a29587b190398eb1 rdf:first sg:person.01347445124.93
75 rdf:rest rdf:nil
76 N5bfccf8a566342ec824cdc07b7762a9a rdf:first N1fe1a78b483841df87be3b073ea348c6
77 rdf:rest N1575ee0d27cc4d2aa0d86e5b96c2c77e
78 Na84c4da1511d4c98b8aed8ac76b0c069 schema:name dimensions_id
79 schema:value pub.1005663395
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 Nc2a7dd68b6024709928cebecd9f92cc9 schema:name doi
82 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-319-33482-0_22
83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
84 Nc65d143699914b16bda044b1c0a30bb5 schema:familyName Daamen
85 schema:givenName Winnie
86 rdf:type schema:Person
87 Nd66e5b2adef5434db51eeccba6cb6f06 schema:isbn 978-3-319-33481-3
88 978-3-319-33482-0
89 schema:name Traffic and Granular Flow '15
90 rdf:type schema:Book
91 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
92 schema:name Physical Sciences
93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
94 anzsrc-for:0299 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
95 schema:name Other Physical Sciences
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 sg:person.012724113050.28 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8385.6
98 schema:familyName Chraibi
99 schema:givenName Mohcine
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012724113050.28
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 sg:person.01347445124.93 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.6190.e
103 schema:familyName Schadschneider
104 schema:givenName Andreas
105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01347445124.93
106 rdf:type schema:Person
107 sg:person.0711244634.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8385.6
108 schema:familyName Tordeux
109 schema:givenName Antoine
110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0711244634.52
111 rdf:type schema:Person
112 grid-institutes:grid.6190.e schema:alternateName Institute for Theoretical Physics, Universität zu Köln, 50937, Köln, Germany
113 schema:name Institute for Theoretical Physics, Universität zu Köln, 50937, Köln, Germany
114 rdf:type schema:Organization
115 grid-institutes:grid.8385.6 schema:alternateName Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Supercomputing Centre, 52428, Jülich, Germany
116 schema:name Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Supercomputing Centre, 52428, Jülich, Germany
117 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...