Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Pediatric Hypertension View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2017

AUTHORS

Stephen R. Daniels , Sarah C. Couch

ABSTRACT

The treatment of blood pressure elevation once it is recognized is quite important. The first line of treatment for blood pressure elevation and stage 1 hypertension is nonpharmacologic treatment. In fact, a meaningful trial of nonpharmacologic approaches is always important before considering using medication unless stage 2 hypertension is present. Nonpharmacologic treatment largely focuses on weight management, changes in diet and increased physical activity. For children and adolescents who are overweight or obese, improvement in the body mass index (BMI) percentile can be effective in lowering blood pressure and may be the most important aspect of blood pressure management. Dietary modifications that include reduction of overall calories, as well as reduction of sodium, have been shown to reduce blood pressure in some individuals. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is also helpful in management of hypertension. Finally, increasing physical activity, particularly aerobic physical activity, can lower blood pressure even when increased physical activity does not result in weight loss. Health care providers must learn approaches to behavior change that help patients and their families modify their diet and activity behaviors. More... »

PAGES

1-12

Book

TITLE

Pediatric Hypertension

ISBN

978-3-319-31420-4
978-3-319-31420-4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-31420-4_35-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31420-4_35-1

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