Beasts, Human Beings, or Gods? Human Subjectivity in Medieval Political Philosophy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2016

AUTHORS

Juhana Toivanen

ABSTRACT

Human beings are not only self-conscious minds but embodied and social beings, whose subjectivity is conditioned by their social surroundings. From this point of view, it is natural to suppose that the development and existence of a subject that is distinctively human requires contact with other people. The present contribution discusses medieval ideas concerning the intersubjective constitution of human being by looking at the medieval reception of two ideas, which Aristotle presents at the beginning of his Politics: (1) human beings are political animals by nature, which means that those who live outside of political communities due to their nature are either deficient or above humanity – they are beasts or gods; and (2) human beings are parts of political communities, and as such, comparable to hands in a body. When medieval philosophers consider these ideas from metaphysical and normative perspectives, they distinguish different senses in which human beings are naturally political. In effect, they draw a nuanced picture of the relation between an individual human being and the political community, and in so doing they distance themselves from a literal reading of Aristotle. An analysis of the medieval discussions reveals how the social aspect of human subjectivity emerges in medieval political philosophy and how medieval philosophers conceptualise the Aristotelian distinction into three kinds of beings – the beast, the human, and the god. More... »

PAGES

181-197

Book

TITLE

Subjectivity and Selfhood in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

ISBN

978-3-319-26912-2
978-3-319-26914-6

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052114240


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2203", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Philosophy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/22", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Philosophy and Religious Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Jyv\u00e4skyl\u00e4", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9681.6", 
          "name": [
            "University of Jyv\u00e4skyl\u00e4"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Toivanen", 
        "givenName": "Juhana", 
        "id": "sg:person.01232527167.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01232527167.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/15685340260223922", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001770146"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/15685340260223922", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001770146"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1484/j.bpm.2.303886", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067379157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3917/puf.destr.2003.01.0147", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1088133023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004163164.i-376.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1088646610"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-01-01", 
    "description": "Human beings are not only self-conscious minds but embodied and social beings, whose subjectivity is conditioned by their social surroundings. From this point of view, it is natural to suppose that the development and existence of a subject that is distinctively human requires contact with other people. The present contribution discusses medieval ideas concerning the intersubjective constitution of human being by looking at the medieval reception of two ideas, which Aristotle presents at the beginning of his Politics: (1) human beings are political animals by nature, which means that those who live outside of political communities due to their nature are either deficient or above humanity \u2013 they are beasts or gods; and (2) human beings are parts of political communities, and as such, comparable to hands in a body. When medieval philosophers consider these ideas from metaphysical and normative perspectives, they distinguish different senses in which human beings are naturally political. In effect, they draw a nuanced picture of the relation between an individual human being and the political community, and in so doing they distance themselves from a literal reading of Aristotle. An analysis of the medieval discussions reveals how the social aspect of human subjectivity emerges in medieval political philosophy and how medieval philosophers conceptualise the Aristotelian distinction into three kinds of beings \u2013 the beast, the human, and the god.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Kaukua", 
        "givenName": "Jari", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Ekenberg", 
        "givenName": "Tomas", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-319-26912-2", 
        "978-3-319-26914-6"
      ], 
      "name": "Subjectivity and Selfhood in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Beasts, Human Beings, or Gods? Human Subjectivity in Medieval Political Philosophy", 
    "pagination": "181-197", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f83cdad10fad6c890621809e82732fd72d05582ca614aacda8f306f09b30aa63"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1052114240"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Cham", 
      "name": "Springer International Publishing", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052114240"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T21:05", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000275.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

82 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      31 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12 schema:about anzsrc-for:22
2 anzsrc-for:2203
3 schema:author Ne39b789f7f3c4ccda59b89aa4d8a2033
4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1163/15685340260223922
5 https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004163164.i-376.34
6 https://doi.org/10.1484/j.bpm.2.303886
7 https://doi.org/10.3917/puf.destr.2003.01.0147
8 schema:datePublished 2016
9 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-01-01
10 schema:description Human beings are not only self-conscious minds but embodied and social beings, whose subjectivity is conditioned by their social surroundings. From this point of view, it is natural to suppose that the development and existence of a subject that is distinctively human requires contact with other people. The present contribution discusses medieval ideas concerning the intersubjective constitution of human being by looking at the medieval reception of two ideas, which Aristotle presents at the beginning of his Politics: (1) human beings are political animals by nature, which means that those who live outside of political communities due to their nature are either deficient or above humanity – they are beasts or gods; and (2) human beings are parts of political communities, and as such, comparable to hands in a body. When medieval philosophers consider these ideas from metaphysical and normative perspectives, they distinguish different senses in which human beings are naturally political. In effect, they draw a nuanced picture of the relation between an individual human being and the political community, and in so doing they distance themselves from a literal reading of Aristotle. An analysis of the medieval discussions reveals how the social aspect of human subjectivity emerges in medieval political philosophy and how medieval philosophers conceptualise the Aristotelian distinction into three kinds of beings – the beast, the human, and the god.
11 schema:editor N7e5ed6f000b34e4a96e5922ea1ebce30
12 schema:genre chapter
13 schema:inLanguage en
14 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
15 schema:isPartOf N607231d9ed8747aebf02242991c3165f
16 schema:name Beasts, Human Beings, or Gods? Human Subjectivity in Medieval Political Philosophy
17 schema:pagination 181-197
18 schema:productId N8e92fcd4d18a4ddba95396b6ad32393e
19 N9efea67afcf34b668390229fc5134560
20 Nec700874c61b4563b8a3c8a5b855ac76
21 schema:publisher Ne0cccf59382e47c4bc8df01a5dcdf13c
22 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052114240
23 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12
24 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T21:05
25 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
26 schema:sdPublisher N448a66525cc748d18e2e29ad3b5d2eea
27 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12
28 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
29 sgo:sdDataset chapters
30 rdf:type schema:Chapter
31 N25407dfb4d5b4e7c81ad4c7aedc55356 schema:familyName Ekenberg
32 schema:givenName Tomas
33 rdf:type schema:Person
34 N448a66525cc748d18e2e29ad3b5d2eea schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
35 rdf:type schema:Organization
36 N607231d9ed8747aebf02242991c3165f schema:isbn 978-3-319-26912-2
37 978-3-319-26914-6
38 schema:name Subjectivity and Selfhood in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy
39 rdf:type schema:Book
40 N7e5ed6f000b34e4a96e5922ea1ebce30 rdf:first Nde0938d2626343e1aed4294e6842ebff
41 rdf:rest Nd0b543d713984957aa8ddca411d6af15
42 N8e92fcd4d18a4ddba95396b6ad32393e schema:name readcube_id
43 schema:value f83cdad10fad6c890621809e82732fd72d05582ca614aacda8f306f09b30aa63
44 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
45 N9efea67afcf34b668390229fc5134560 schema:name dimensions_id
46 schema:value pub.1052114240
47 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
48 Nd0b543d713984957aa8ddca411d6af15 rdf:first N25407dfb4d5b4e7c81ad4c7aedc55356
49 rdf:rest rdf:nil
50 Nde0938d2626343e1aed4294e6842ebff schema:familyName Kaukua
51 schema:givenName Jari
52 rdf:type schema:Person
53 Ne0cccf59382e47c4bc8df01a5dcdf13c schema:location Cham
54 schema:name Springer International Publishing
55 rdf:type schema:Organisation
56 Ne39b789f7f3c4ccda59b89aa4d8a2033 rdf:first sg:person.01232527167.63
57 rdf:rest rdf:nil
58 Nec700874c61b4563b8a3c8a5b855ac76 schema:name doi
59 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-319-26914-6_12
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 anzsrc-for:22 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
62 schema:name Philosophy and Religious Studies
63 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
64 anzsrc-for:2203 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
65 schema:name Philosophy
66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
67 sg:person.01232527167.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9681.6
68 schema:familyName Toivanen
69 schema:givenName Juhana
70 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01232527167.63
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 https://doi.org/10.1163/15685340260223922 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001770146
73 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
74 https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004163164.i-376.34 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1088646610
75 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
76 https://doi.org/10.1484/j.bpm.2.303886 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067379157
77 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
78 https://doi.org/10.3917/puf.destr.2003.01.0147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1088133023
79 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
80 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9681.6 schema:alternateName University of Jyväskylä
81 schema:name University of Jyväskylä
82 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...