Epidemiology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2016

AUTHORS

Deena Adimoolam , Varalakshmi Muthukrishnan , Jeanine B. Albu

ABSTRACT

There has been a continuous increase in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus over the past 20 years, both globally and in the United States of America. A 20 to 69 % increase was projected from 2010 to 2030 in developing and developed countries, respectively. The majority of this increase is attributed to type 2 diabetes (T2DM) the most common type of diabetes (87 to 95 % of cases). In 2015, it was estimated that 1 in 11 persons in the world had diabetes. T2DM prevalence in the U.S. has quadrupled since 1980s. In 2012, the prevalence was highest amongst American Indians/Alaska Natives (15.9 %), lowest amongst Non-Hispanic Whites (7.6 %) and intermediate amongst Non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanics and Asian Americans (13.2, 12.8 and 9.0 %, respectively). Recent trends in the U.S. reveal an overall plateau in prevalence, increased incidence amongst youth and an almost equal distribution of T2DM in men and women. This increase in diabetes prevalence in the U.S. and throughout the world has been attributed to an increase in the ability to diagnose diabetes, an increase in lifespan, and the worsening obesity and physical inactivity epidemics seen globally. Differences between groups exposed to similar environments implicates a genetic contribution to the development of diabetes. Data suggests that the modern lifestyle with consequent obesity and sedentarism may interact with preexisting diabetes genes and lead to epigenetic modifications. The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is also on the rise both globally and in the U.S., particularly amongst children under the age of 15. It is estimated that by the year 2050, there will be a 20 to 70 % increase in the prevalence of T1DM, depending on age and geographic location. It is unclear whether this is due to improved ability of diagnosis versus a true increase in genetically stable populations under the inducing influence of non-genetic factors changing over time and place. Once diabetes is diagnosed, efforts must be made to prevent secondary complications through strict glycemic control and control of other metabolic risk factors such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Recently in the U.S. there has been a decrease in complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction, amputations, and death due to hyperglycemia. Since many complications are present before T2DM is diagnosed, early diagnosis and prevention of T2DM is key to further decreasing the incidence of complications. More... »

PAGES

1-20

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Principles of Diabetes Mellitus

ISBN

978-3-319-20797-1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084860059


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke\u2019s and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Adimoolam", 
        "givenName": "Deena", 
        "id": "sg:person.015550444015.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015550444015.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke\u2019s and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Muthukrishnan", 
        "givenName": "Varalakshmi", 
        "id": "sg:person.01000443706.75", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01000443706.75"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke\u2019s and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Albu", 
        "givenName": "Jeanine B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01153321370.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01153321370.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-2116", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000685449"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-015-0023-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000812929", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-015-0023-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.10.029", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001437964"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250100615", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003088086", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250100615"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250100615", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003088086", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250100615"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199309303291401", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004144761"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra0906948", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005376580"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051270", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005860897", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051270"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051270", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005860897", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051270"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2008.01.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006228036"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.2165/11594650-000000000-00000", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006384745", 
          "https://doi.org/10.2165/11594650-000000000-00000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.7.1591", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006876101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.07.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006910071"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmsa1213829", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007110759"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1994.tb00327.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008311834"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1994.tb00327.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008311834"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/60.1.5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008380755"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000441-193601000-00014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009893558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000441-193601000-00014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009893558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010544318", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010544318", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-s005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011036334"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/circulationaha.106.685628", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012453475"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1467-789x.2002.00065.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012927254"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.732", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013269363"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2008.07.022", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016550297"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05913", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017539696", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05913"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1447.062", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018626265"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(98)07019-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018881858"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1838", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019300973"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1838", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019300973"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrendo.2009.180", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020813092", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2009.180"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.11494", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020966972"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2009.10.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021353531"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.1.164", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021557305"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-1140", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021832386"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051309", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021898666", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051309"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051309", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021898666", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051309"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrendo.2015.218", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022811892", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2015.218"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(09)60568-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022836597"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.317.7160.703", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022997249"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-s012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023895015"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026167897", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026167897", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2009.10.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028972981"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/414782a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029438215", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/414782a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/414782a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029438215", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/414782a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.25.12.2165", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030043320"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/13557850802699155", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030398911"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69700-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031488485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-543x.2005.00132.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031774851"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-543x.2005.00132.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031774851"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2010.12.019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032312268"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.726", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033039374"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra0708473", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033629081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051573", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033712832", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051573"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051573", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033712832", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051573"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1310799", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033861461"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa0806470", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034293538"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1909", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034742328"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01925.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035679953"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02743.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036258477"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02743.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036258477"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60550-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036635142"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.2007.s84", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037614429"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.3201", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038590339"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-2112", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038890279"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69703-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039608803"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-0669", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041726135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11906-011-0205-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042058152", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11906-011-0205-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-2563", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043196812"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1478-7954-8-29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043297354", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-8-29"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-8227(95)01064-k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043400052"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(97)03062-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044239979"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044824996", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044824996", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044824996", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa0806359", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046355267"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.9.2604", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048832606"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s000711450000088x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049925556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789x.2007.00439.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050752907"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/357362a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051541746", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/357362a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00625.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052401466"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-1623", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064288719"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2174/15733998113099990064", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069206378"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.16.4.642", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070745993"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.6.1053", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076610777"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-01-01", 
    "description": "There has been a continuous increase in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus over the past 20 years, both globally and in the United States of America. A 20 to 69 % increase was projected from 2010 to 2030 in developing and developed countries, respectively. The majority of this increase is attributed to type 2 diabetes (T2DM) the most common type of diabetes (87 to 95 % of cases). In 2015, it was estimated that 1 in 11 persons in the world had diabetes. T2DM prevalence in the U.S. has quadrupled since 1980s. In 2012, the prevalence was highest amongst American Indians/Alaska Natives (15.9 %), lowest amongst Non-Hispanic Whites (7.6 %) and intermediate amongst Non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanics and Asian Americans (13.2, 12.8 and 9.0 %, respectively). Recent trends in the U.S. reveal an overall plateau in prevalence, increased incidence amongst youth and an almost equal distribution of T2DM in men and women. This increase in diabetes prevalence in the U.S. and throughout the world has been attributed to an increase in the ability to diagnose diabetes, an increase in lifespan, and the worsening obesity and physical inactivity epidemics seen globally. Differences between groups exposed to similar environments implicates a genetic contribution to the development of diabetes. Data suggests that the modern lifestyle with consequent obesity and sedentarism may interact with preexisting diabetes genes and lead to epigenetic modifications. The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is also on the rise both globally and in the U.S., particularly amongst children under the age of 15. It is estimated that by the year 2050, there will be a 20 to 70 % increase in the prevalence of T1DM, depending on age and geographic location. It is unclear whether this is due to improved ability of diagnosis versus a true increase in genetically stable populations under the inducing influence of non-genetic factors changing over time and place. Once diabetes is diagnosed, efforts must be made to prevent secondary complications through strict glycemic control and control of other metabolic risk factors such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Recently in the U.S. there has been a decrease in complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction, amputations, and death due to hyperglycemia. Since many complications are present before T2DM is diagnosed, early diagnosis and prevention of T2DM is key to further decreasing the incidence of complications.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Poretsky", 
        "givenName": "Leonid", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-319-20797-1"
      ], 
      "name": "Principles of Diabetes Mellitus", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Epidemiology", 
    "pagination": "1-20", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "22b17bee89f2d54af10435c851a8af0c074f3f987c3666e672c079dfd218feab"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1084860059"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Cham", 
      "name": "Springer International Publishing", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084860059"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T12:41", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8663_00000331.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

316 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      100 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1103
3 schema:author Ndd7bca2ecc4b4b7e86c1722863576b49
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051270
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051309
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051573
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250100615
11 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-015-0023-8
12 sg:pub.10.1007/s11906-011-0205-z
13 sg:pub.10.1038/357362a0
14 sg:pub.10.1038/414782a
15 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05913
16 sg:pub.10.1038/nrendo.2009.180
17 sg:pub.10.1038/nrendo.2015.218
18 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-7954-8-29
19 sg:pub.10.2165/11594650-000000000-00000
20 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.726
21 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.11494
22 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.3201
23 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.732
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-8227(95)01064-k
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2010.12.019
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2008.01.012
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2008.07.022
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2009.10.007
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.10.029
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.07.009
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2009.10.002
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69700-6
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69703-1
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(09)60568-7
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60550-8
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(97)03062-6
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(98)07019-6
38 https://doi.org/10.1017/s000711450000088x
39 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00625.x
40 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1467-789x.2002.00065.x
41 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199309303291401
42 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa0806359
43 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa0806470
44 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1310799
45 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra0708473
46 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra0906948
47 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmsa1213829
48 https://doi.org/10.1080/13557850802699155
49 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.6.1053
50 https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/60.1.5
51 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000441-193601000-00014
52 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-543x.2005.00132.x
53 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1994.tb00327.x
54 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01925.x
55 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02743.x
56 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789x.2007.00439.x
57 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.317.7160.703
58 https://doi.org/10.1161/circulationaha.106.685628
59 https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1447.062
60 https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-1623
61 https://doi.org/10.2174/15733998113099990064
62 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1909
63 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-0669
64 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-2563
65 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1838
66 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-2112
67 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-2116
68 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-1140
69 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-s005
70 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-s012
71 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.16.4.642
72 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.25.12.2165
73 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.9.2604
74 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.2007.s84
75 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.7.1591
76 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.1.164
77 schema:datePublished 2016
78 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-01-01
79 schema:description There has been a continuous increase in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus over the past 20 years, both globally and in the United States of America. A 20 to 69 % increase was projected from 2010 to 2030 in developing and developed countries, respectively. The majority of this increase is attributed to type 2 diabetes (T2DM) the most common type of diabetes (87 to 95 % of cases). In 2015, it was estimated that 1 in 11 persons in the world had diabetes. T2DM prevalence in the U.S. has quadrupled since 1980s. In 2012, the prevalence was highest amongst American Indians/Alaska Natives (15.9 %), lowest amongst Non-Hispanic Whites (7.6 %) and intermediate amongst Non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanics and Asian Americans (13.2, 12.8 and 9.0 %, respectively). Recent trends in the U.S. reveal an overall plateau in prevalence, increased incidence amongst youth and an almost equal distribution of T2DM in men and women. This increase in diabetes prevalence in the U.S. and throughout the world has been attributed to an increase in the ability to diagnose diabetes, an increase in lifespan, and the worsening obesity and physical inactivity epidemics seen globally. Differences between groups exposed to similar environments implicates a genetic contribution to the development of diabetes. Data suggests that the modern lifestyle with consequent obesity and sedentarism may interact with preexisting diabetes genes and lead to epigenetic modifications. The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is also on the rise both globally and in the U.S., particularly amongst children under the age of 15. It is estimated that by the year 2050, there will be a 20 to 70 % increase in the prevalence of T1DM, depending on age and geographic location. It is unclear whether this is due to improved ability of diagnosis versus a true increase in genetically stable populations under the inducing influence of non-genetic factors changing over time and place. Once diabetes is diagnosed, efforts must be made to prevent secondary complications through strict glycemic control and control of other metabolic risk factors such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Recently in the U.S. there has been a decrease in complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction, amputations, and death due to hyperglycemia. Since many complications are present before T2DM is diagnosed, early diagnosis and prevention of T2DM is key to further decreasing the incidence of complications.
80 schema:editor N4dd47dfcf96b4e61a2cdda18d92870cf
81 schema:genre chapter
82 schema:inLanguage en
83 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
84 schema:isPartOf N9340acb4c5d44a35b4e77c9dbc59ea90
85 schema:name Epidemiology
86 schema:pagination 1-20
87 schema:productId N0238c2f2a5fa435f8f366e152d92dd81
88 N10c9ee27a24d4307aa39fb3f7e9bc056
89 Ncd5202474f1e45ff8af18422d3811b7d
90 schema:publisher Ndf5d299cd8f64e0791366b7bde78b312
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084860059
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1
93 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T12:41
94 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
95 schema:sdPublisher Ndc00548f860d4907b4318f199900f0cb
96 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1
97 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
98 sgo:sdDataset chapters
99 rdf:type schema:Chapter
100 N0238c2f2a5fa435f8f366e152d92dd81 schema:name readcube_id
101 schema:value 22b17bee89f2d54af10435c851a8af0c074f3f987c3666e672c079dfd218feab
102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
103 N067fab3cb9ea490c8169fa7939514240 schema:name Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke’s and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
104 rdf:type schema:Organization
105 N0aedd0cf4dcf44b6818e9aa980b33c09 rdf:first sg:person.01000443706.75
106 rdf:rest Ne1f2e7c7c7754dada422ef8cbbc73e6b
107 N10c9ee27a24d4307aa39fb3f7e9bc056 schema:name doi
108 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_8-1
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 N1142ed3fc3864bd99329540bdde28af9 schema:name Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke’s and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
111 rdf:type schema:Organization
112 N4dd47dfcf96b4e61a2cdda18d92870cf rdf:first N5eb6489c89a84064b31afeb9bb599f5b
113 rdf:rest rdf:nil
114 N5eb6489c89a84064b31afeb9bb599f5b schema:familyName Poretsky
115 schema:givenName Leonid
116 rdf:type schema:Person
117 N8eaee3dffbd94653ab4ca74be6f71860 schema:name Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St. Luke’s and West Hospitals, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
118 rdf:type schema:Organization
119 N9340acb4c5d44a35b4e77c9dbc59ea90 schema:isbn 978-3-319-20797-1
120 schema:name Principles of Diabetes Mellitus
121 rdf:type schema:Book
122 Ncd5202474f1e45ff8af18422d3811b7d schema:name dimensions_id
123 schema:value pub.1084860059
124 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
125 Ndc00548f860d4907b4318f199900f0cb schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
126 rdf:type schema:Organization
127 Ndd7bca2ecc4b4b7e86c1722863576b49 rdf:first sg:person.015550444015.36
128 rdf:rest N0aedd0cf4dcf44b6818e9aa980b33c09
129 Ndf5d299cd8f64e0791366b7bde78b312 schema:location Cham
130 schema:name Springer International Publishing
131 rdf:type schema:Organisation
132 Ne1f2e7c7c7754dada422ef8cbbc73e6b rdf:first sg:person.01153321370.33
133 rdf:rest rdf:nil
134 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
135 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
138 schema:name Clinical Sciences
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 sg:person.01000443706.75 schema:affiliation N8eaee3dffbd94653ab4ca74be6f71860
141 schema:familyName Muthukrishnan
142 schema:givenName Varalakshmi
143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01000443706.75
144 rdf:type schema:Person
145 sg:person.01153321370.33 schema:affiliation N1142ed3fc3864bd99329540bdde28af9
146 schema:familyName Albu
147 schema:givenName Jeanine B.
148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01153321370.33
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 sg:person.015550444015.36 schema:affiliation N067fab3cb9ea490c8169fa7939514240
151 schema:familyName Adimoolam
152 schema:givenName Deena
153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015550444015.36
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044824996
156 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-007-0690-4
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010544318
159 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-011-2313-3
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026167897
162 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-012-2571-8
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051270 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005860897
165 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051270
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051309 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021898666
168 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051309
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250051573 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033712832
171 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051573
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250100615 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003088086
174 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250100615
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-015-0023-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000812929
177 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-015-0023-8
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 sg:pub.10.1007/s11906-011-0205-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042058152
180 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11906-011-0205-z
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 sg:pub.10.1038/357362a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051541746
183 https://doi.org/10.1038/357362a0
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 sg:pub.10.1038/414782a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029438215
186 https://doi.org/10.1038/414782a
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05913 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017539696
189 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05913
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 sg:pub.10.1038/nrendo.2009.180 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020813092
192 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2009.180
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 sg:pub.10.1038/nrendo.2015.218 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022811892
195 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2015.218
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 sg:pub.10.1186/1478-7954-8-29 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043297354
198 https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-8-29
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 sg:pub.10.2165/11594650-000000000-00000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006384745
201 https://doi.org/10.2165/11594650-000000000-00000
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.726 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033039374
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.11494 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020966972
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.3201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038590339
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.732 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013269363
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-8227(95)01064-k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043400052
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2010.12.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032312268
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2008.01.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006228036
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2008.07.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016550297
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2009.10.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028972981
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.10.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001437964
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.07.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006910071
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2009.10.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021353531
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69700-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031488485
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69703-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039608803
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(09)60568-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022836597
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(10)60550-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036635142
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(97)03062-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044239979
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(98)07019-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018881858
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1017/s000711450000088x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049925556
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00625.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052401466
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1467-789x.2002.00065.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012927254
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199309303291401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004144761
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa0806359 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046355267
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa0806470 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034293538
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1310799 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033861461
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra0708473 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033629081
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmra0906948 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005376580
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmsa1213829 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007110759
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1080/13557850802699155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030398911
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.6.1053 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076610777
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/60.1.5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008380755
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000441-193601000-00014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009893558
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-543x.2005.00132.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031774851
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1994.tb00327.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008311834
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01925.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035679953
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02743.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036258477
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789x.2007.00439.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050752907
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.317.7160.703 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022997249
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1161/circulationaha.106.685628 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012453475
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1447.062 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018626265
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-1623 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064288719
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.2174/15733998113099990064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069206378
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1909 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034742328
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-0669 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041726135
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-2563 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043196812
292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
293 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1838 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019300973
294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
295 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-2112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038890279
296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
297 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-2116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000685449
298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
299 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-1140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021832386
300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
301 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-s005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011036334
302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
303 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-s012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023895015
304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
305 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.16.4.642 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070745993
306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
307 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.25.12.2165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030043320
308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
309 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.9.2604 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048832606
310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
311 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.2007.s84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037614429
312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
313 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.27.7.1591 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006876101
314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
315 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.1.164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021557305
316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...