Nanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical Review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

2015

AUTHORS

Albert A. Koelmans , Ellen Besseling , Won J. Shim

ABSTRACT

A growing body of literature reports on the abundance and effects of plastic debris, with an increasing focus on microplastic particles smaller than 5 mm. It has often been suggested that plastic particles in the <100 nm size range as defined earlier for nanomaterials (here referred to as ‘nanoplastics’), may be emitted to or formed in the aquatic environment. Nanoplastics is probably the least known area of marine litter but potentially also the most hazardous. This paper provides the first review on sources, effects and hazards of nanoplastics. Detection methods are in an early stage of development and to date no nanoplastics have actually been detected in natural aquatic systems. Various sources of nanoplastics have been suggested such as release from products or nanofragmentation of larger particles. Nanoplastic fate studies for rivers show an important role for sedimentation of heteroaggregates, similar to that for non-polymer nanomaterials. Some prognostic effect studies have been performed but effect thresholds seem higher than nanoplastic concentrations expected in the environment. The high surface area of nanoplastics may imply that toxic chemicals are retained by nanoplastics, possibly increasing overall hazard. Release of non-polymer nanomaterial additives from small product fragments may add to the hazard of nanoplastics. Because of the presence of such co-contaminants, effect studies with nanoplastics pose some specific practical challenges. We conclude that hazards of nanoplastics are plausible yet unclear, which calls for a thorough evaluation of nanoplastic sources, fate and effects. More... »

PAGES

325-340

Book

TITLE

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

ISBN

978-3-319-16509-7
978-3-319-16510-3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024677986


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0399", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University", 
            "IMARES\u2014Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies, Wageningen UR"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Koelmans", 
        "givenName": "Albert A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01155616235.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155616235.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University", 
            "IMARES\u2014Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies, Wageningen UR"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Besseling", 
        "givenName": "Ellen", 
        "id": "sg:person.0634556162.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0634556162.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Oil and POPs Research Group, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology", 
            "Marine Environmental Chemistry and Biology, University of Science and Technology"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shim", 
        "givenName": "Won J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0722562046.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722562046.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.081", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000126933"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2011.01.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000361648"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.706", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000805743"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2008.12.045", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002145508"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/taap.2001.9240", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005797921"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.06.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007346248"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085433", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007585096"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007765768", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/fib2020108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008327374"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.09.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009649764"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.09.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009649764"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.10.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009720094"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-3414-6_1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009886674", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3414-6_1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032254", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010849623"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-011-0760-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013307759", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-011-0760-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.09.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013684754"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-326x(02)00220-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017849086"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-326x(02)00220-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017849086"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019260278"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9209", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021973120"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022014813"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022014813"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.05.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023514294"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025325600"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.07.016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025750259"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es405721v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026817023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2011.03.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028148120"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.05.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028349880"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.05.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028349880"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2014.02.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030991092"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2010.02.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032492234"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033407128", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033407128", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.12.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034502554"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035237759", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2014.06.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035459838"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.726", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036503271"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.11.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037204223"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/740142", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037569674"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163904", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038102579"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1314705111", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040808724"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042130249"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042130249"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042915470", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_11"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.733", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043394869"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044744437"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2011.01.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044785909"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2611", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045167973"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045256560"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045900568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045900568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045900568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046041086", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_13"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1984", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050380760"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2426", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050417292"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.06.050", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051149548"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051964708", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es071737s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053606853"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es071737s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053606853"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es1032025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es1032025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es302559v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055505057"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es302763x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055505108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es303700s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055505365"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es401169n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055506194"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es401932b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055506414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es405717z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055507482"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es500548h", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055507695"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es503001d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055508242"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es903938z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055517444"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es903938z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055517444"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1054759", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056077945"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1054759", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056077945"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jz402234c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056135385"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma702881k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056202462"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma702881k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056202462"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn204118p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056223955"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/117739280700200002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078446170"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/117739280700200002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078446170"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-01-01", 
    "description": "A growing body of literature reports on the abundance and effects of plastic debris, with an increasing focus on microplastic particles smaller than 5\u00a0mm. It has often been suggested that plastic particles in the <100\u00a0nm size range as defined earlier for nanomaterials (here referred to as \u2018nanoplastics\u2019), may be emitted to or formed in the aquatic environment. Nanoplastics is probably the least known area of marine litter but potentially also the most hazardous. This paper provides the first review on sources, effects and hazards of nanoplastics. Detection methods are in an early stage of development and to date no nanoplastics have actually been detected in natural aquatic systems. Various sources of nanoplastics have been suggested such as release from products or nanofragmentation of larger particles. Nanoplastic fate studies for rivers show an important role for sedimentation of heteroaggregates, similar to that for non-polymer nanomaterials. Some prognostic effect studies have been performed but effect thresholds seem higher than nanoplastic concentrations expected in the environment. The high surface area of nanoplastics may imply that toxic chemicals are retained by nanoplastics, possibly increasing overall hazard. Release of non-polymer nanomaterial additives from small product fragments may add to the hazard of nanoplastics. Because of the presence of such co-contaminants, effect studies with nanoplastics pose some specific practical challenges. We conclude that hazards of nanoplastics are plausible yet unclear, which calls for a thorough evaluation of nanoplastic sources, fate and effects.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Bergmann", 
        "givenName": "Melanie", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Gutow", 
        "givenName": "Lars", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Klages", 
        "givenName": "Michael", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-3-319-16509-7", 
        "978-3-319-16510-3"
      ], 
      "name": "Marine Anthropogenic Litter", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Nanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical Review", 
    "pagination": "325-340", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "75910f4a165d755a7caa1b31c51cddae26edda94a31b58a90272970334bc82e7"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1024677986"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Cham", 
      "name": "Springer International Publishing", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024677986"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T21:02", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000258.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

298 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      92 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0399
3 schema:author N0487861b6cbb45d18ca18ccc4a619b00
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-3414-6_1
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_11
6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_13
7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_2
8 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_7
9 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_9
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-011-0760-6
11 sg:pub.10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7
12 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1984
13 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2426
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2611
15 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.706
16 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.726
17 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.733
18 https://doi.org/10.1006/taap.2001.9240
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.06.050
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2011.01.013
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.09.001
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.11.001
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.09.006
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.003
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.12.013
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2014.02.012
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2010.02.009
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2014.06.001
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.05.002
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.025
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.030
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.007
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.025
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.001
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2008.12.045
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2011.03.005
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.07.016
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.10.001
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.06.009
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2011.01.001
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.081
43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.05.025
44 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-326x(02)00220-5
45 https://doi.org/10.1021/es071737s
46 https://doi.org/10.1021/es1032025
47 https://doi.org/10.1021/es302559v
48 https://doi.org/10.1021/es302763x
49 https://doi.org/10.1021/es303700s
50 https://doi.org/10.1021/es401169n
51 https://doi.org/10.1021/es401932b
52 https://doi.org/10.1021/es405717z
53 https://doi.org/10.1021/es405721v
54 https://doi.org/10.1021/es500548h
55 https://doi.org/10.1021/es503001d
56 https://doi.org/10.1021/es903938z
57 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1054759
58 https://doi.org/10.1021/jz402234c
59 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma702881k
60 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn204118p
61 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1314705111
62 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163904
63 https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/740142
64 https://doi.org/10.1177/117739280700200002
65 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9209
66 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032254
67 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085433
68 https://doi.org/10.3390/fib2020108
69 schema:datePublished 2015
70 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-01-01
71 schema:description A growing body of literature reports on the abundance and effects of plastic debris, with an increasing focus on microplastic particles smaller than 5 mm. It has often been suggested that plastic particles in the <100 nm size range as defined earlier for nanomaterials (here referred to as ‘nanoplastics’), may be emitted to or formed in the aquatic environment. Nanoplastics is probably the least known area of marine litter but potentially also the most hazardous. This paper provides the first review on sources, effects and hazards of nanoplastics. Detection methods are in an early stage of development and to date no nanoplastics have actually been detected in natural aquatic systems. Various sources of nanoplastics have been suggested such as release from products or nanofragmentation of larger particles. Nanoplastic fate studies for rivers show an important role for sedimentation of heteroaggregates, similar to that for non-polymer nanomaterials. Some prognostic effect studies have been performed but effect thresholds seem higher than nanoplastic concentrations expected in the environment. The high surface area of nanoplastics may imply that toxic chemicals are retained by nanoplastics, possibly increasing overall hazard. Release of non-polymer nanomaterial additives from small product fragments may add to the hazard of nanoplastics. Because of the presence of such co-contaminants, effect studies with nanoplastics pose some specific practical challenges. We conclude that hazards of nanoplastics are plausible yet unclear, which calls for a thorough evaluation of nanoplastic sources, fate and effects.
72 schema:editor Nbdec4b0d19fc4d93966021ca17b5f136
73 schema:genre chapter
74 schema:inLanguage en
75 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
76 schema:isPartOf Nbc2601e3df4247249e98a4b4631a7e9e
77 schema:name Nanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical Review
78 schema:pagination 325-340
79 schema:productId N63a9f8ec88b94557b75eca3c993da3d7
80 Nbb32528c52b4437db55f7b50ffc63cad
81 Nd40c303e895d4be19788528a70d02a2b
82 schema:publisher N6ffe6a06998440eaa5fa80702d5c39d7
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024677986
84 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12
85 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T21:02
86 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
87 schema:sdPublisher N2bbdd762655e4ddb9f44d7d0301ed17b
88 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12
89 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
90 sgo:sdDataset chapters
91 rdf:type schema:Chapter
92 N0487861b6cbb45d18ca18ccc4a619b00 rdf:first sg:person.01155616235.65
93 rdf:rest Nfc2f538479104467a69d15029f131946
94 N2710f8b34a504b378dc051e4cd312fa4 schema:familyName Gutow
95 schema:givenName Lars
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 N2bbdd762655e4ddb9f44d7d0301ed17b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
98 rdf:type schema:Organization
99 N5abea8ac27b7463499bf06a33d6dc9b4 schema:name Marine Environmental Chemistry and Biology, University of Science and Technology
100 Oil and POPs Research Group, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology
101 rdf:type schema:Organization
102 N5e5be155001643b98d4f724800dc7a5a schema:name Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University
103 IMARES—Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies, Wageningen UR
104 rdf:type schema:Organization
105 N63a9f8ec88b94557b75eca3c993da3d7 schema:name dimensions_id
106 schema:value pub.1024677986
107 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
108 N6ffe6a06998440eaa5fa80702d5c39d7 schema:location Cham
109 schema:name Springer International Publishing
110 rdf:type schema:Organisation
111 N9caa8255731647e4996899b2af7592f7 schema:name Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University
112 IMARES—Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies, Wageningen UR
113 rdf:type schema:Organization
114 Na1f9501518fc4fa9b67288c756fdd366 schema:familyName Bergmann
115 schema:givenName Melanie
116 rdf:type schema:Person
117 Na46ce4eaf0bb47099fdc67522f3cf6d8 rdf:first sg:person.0722562046.63
118 rdf:rest rdf:nil
119 Nbb32528c52b4437db55f7b50ffc63cad schema:name readcube_id
120 schema:value 75910f4a165d755a7caa1b31c51cddae26edda94a31b58a90272970334bc82e7
121 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
122 Nbc2601e3df4247249e98a4b4631a7e9e schema:isbn 978-3-319-16509-7
123 978-3-319-16510-3
124 schema:name Marine Anthropogenic Litter
125 rdf:type schema:Book
126 Nbdec4b0d19fc4d93966021ca17b5f136 rdf:first Na1f9501518fc4fa9b67288c756fdd366
127 rdf:rest Nbf6719e9192943ada2e62d23d128bad0
128 Nbf6719e9192943ada2e62d23d128bad0 rdf:first N2710f8b34a504b378dc051e4cd312fa4
129 rdf:rest Nc4b69e751eae40b3a8afe049083fcd1f
130 Nc4b69e751eae40b3a8afe049083fcd1f rdf:first Nc55246ce2eb14273a03cbf0612b63328
131 rdf:rest rdf:nil
132 Nc55246ce2eb14273a03cbf0612b63328 schema:familyName Klages
133 schema:givenName Michael
134 rdf:type schema:Person
135 Nd40c303e895d4be19788528a70d02a2b schema:name doi
136 schema:value 10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12
137 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
138 Nfc2f538479104467a69d15029f131946 rdf:first sg:person.0634556162.03
139 rdf:rest Na46ce4eaf0bb47099fdc67522f3cf6d8
140 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
141 schema:name Chemical Sciences
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 anzsrc-for:0399 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
144 schema:name Other Chemical Sciences
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 sg:person.01155616235.65 schema:affiliation N5e5be155001643b98d4f724800dc7a5a
147 schema:familyName Koelmans
148 schema:givenName Albert A.
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01155616235.65
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.0634556162.03 schema:affiliation N9caa8255731647e4996899b2af7592f7
152 schema:familyName Besseling
153 schema:givenName Ellen
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0634556162.03
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:person.0722562046.63 schema:affiliation N5abea8ac27b7463499bf06a33d6dc9b4
157 schema:familyName Shim
158 schema:givenName Won J.
159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722562046.63
160 rdf:type schema:Person
161 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-3414-6_1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009886674
162 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3414-6_1
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042915470
165 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_11
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046041086
168 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_13
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051964708
171 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_2
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007765768
174 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_7
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035237759
177 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_9
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-011-0760-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013307759
180 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-011-0760-6
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 sg:pub.10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033407128
183 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-014-0012-7
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1984 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050380760
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2426 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050417292
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2611 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045167973
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.706 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000805743
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.726 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036503271
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.733 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043394869
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 https://doi.org/10.1006/taap.2001.9240 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005797921
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.06.050 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051149548
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2011.01.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044785909
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.09.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009649764
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042130249
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.11.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037204223
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.09.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013684754
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025325600
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.12.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034502554
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2014.02.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030991092
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2010.02.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032492234
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2014.06.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035459838
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.05.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023514294
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045900568
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044744437
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045256560
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019260278
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.06.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022014813
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2008.12.045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002145508
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2011.03.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028148120
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.07.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025750259
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.10.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009720094
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.06.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007346248
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2011.01.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000361648
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.081 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000126933
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.05.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028349880
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-326x(02)00220-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017849086
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1021/es071737s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053606853
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1021/es1032025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502361
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1021/es302559v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055505057
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1021/es302763x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055505108
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1021/es303700s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055505365
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1021/es401169n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055506194
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1021/es401932b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055506414
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1021/es405717z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055507482
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1021/es405721v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026817023
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1021/es500548h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055507695
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1021/es503001d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055508242
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1021/es903938z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055517444
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1054759 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056077945
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1021/jz402234c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056135385
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma702881k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056202462
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn204118p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056223955
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1314705111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040808724
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163904 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038102579
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/740142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037569674
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://doi.org/10.1177/117739280700200002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078446170
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021973120
292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
293 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032254 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010849623
294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
295 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085433 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007585096
296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
297 https://doi.org/10.3390/fib2020108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008327374
298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...