Influence of Fracture Systems and Weathering on the Sustainability of Rock Excavation Made for the Purpose of Infrastructure Construction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2015

AUTHORS

Radoslav Varbanov , Miroslav Кrastanov , Rosen Nankin

ABSTRACT

The problems related to rock slope stability of excavations realized in differing in genesis rock complexes are the object of the present paper. The stability of these slopes depends on the natural fracture system in the massif, the additional fracture systems occurring in the rock masses during the excavation works as well as on the resistance against weathering of the rock massif. The investigation of the above problems was carried out in the excavations of the Sofia-Mezdra railway line, which crosses the Stara Planina Mountain chain. The mountain ridges are built of rock complexes with various composition and genesis. The railway construction was started in the middle of the 19th century. The commissioning of the line was on November 8, 1899. Rock slopes with different height and inclination were formed during the railway construction. In the course of a period exceeding 110 years the rock slopes have been subjected to weathering processes that have inevitably exerted effect on their stability too. The modern safety requirements for the railway line operation impose the performance of different stabilization activities. The design of the safety measures is connected with the assessment of the rock slope stability as of the present moment. The diverse geotechnical characteristics and geological conditions of rock massifs, built of sedimentary rocks (argillites and sandstones), metamorphic rocks (gneisses and quartzites) and volcanic rocks (various diabase types), have been considered. More... »

PAGES

263-267

Book

TITLE

Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 6

ISBN

978-3-319-09059-7
978-3-319-09060-3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-09060-3_43

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09060-3_43

DIMENSIONS

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