Doppler Sonography of the Head and Neck View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2015

AUTHORS

Karl-Heinz Deeg , Thomas Rupprecht , Michael Hofbeck

ABSTRACT

Sonography and Doppler sonography are the imaging modalities of choice for the differential diagnosis of various head and neck diseases in infancy and childhood. With the help of high resolution linear transducers with frequencies over 10 MHz the normal anatomy and the different pathologies can be displayed. The central organ of the neck is thyroid gland. Different diseases of the thyroid are autoimmune thyreoiditis, benign and malignant tumors. Autoimmunthyreoiditis is characterized by a volume increase of the organ and increased vascularity (thyroid inferno). Tumors of the thyroid have to be differentiated in benign and malignant. The most frequent benign tumors are adenomas characterized by a complete hypoechoic vascular ring. Carcinomas have no complete hypoechoic ring, are poorly defined, contain micro calcifications and are richly vascularized with pathologic vessels. Another frequent indication is cervical lymphadenopathy which frequently occurs in pediatrics. Reactive lymphadenopathy is characterized by oval shaped cervical lymph nodes usually below 2 cm in diameter which are perfused by several hilus vessels. Malignant lymph node infiltrations in Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin disease are round, exceed 2 cm in diameter and have chaotic vascularization. Rare indications for cervical sonography are fibromatosis colli, cystic head and neck masses such as laryngeal cysts, dermoid cysts, vascular tumors, hemangiomas, lymphangiomas and cervical cysts. Cysts and lymphangiomas do not contain vessels, whereas vascular tumors and hemangiomas are richly vascularized. More... »

PAGES

229-272

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1991-02. Sonographic diagnosis and grading of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION
  • 1998-04. Ultrasound and MR imaging of fibromatosis colli (sternomastoid tumor of infancy) in PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
  • 1998-07. Papillary microcarcinoma of the thyroid in JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION
  • 2002. Pediatric Cervical Ultrasonography in APPLICATIONS OF SONOGRAPHY IN HEAD AND NECK PATHOLOGY
  • 1992-09. Ultrasonography of congenital muscular torticollis in PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
  • 1995-12. Thyroid blood flow evaluation by color-flow doppler sonography distinguishes Graves’ disease from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION
  • Book

    TITLE

    Doppler Sonography in Infancy and Childhood

    ISBN

    978-3-319-03505-5
    978-3-319-03506-2

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-03506-2_4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03506-2_4

    DIMENSIONS

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