Safety Measures for Avoiding or Mitigating the Occupant Exposure in Collisions with Large Animals View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

Wolfgang Sinz , Heinz Hoschopf , Gregor Gstrein , Christian Ellersdorfer , Ernst Tomasch , Florian Feist , Stefan Kirschbichler , Hermann Steffan , Saied Mohamed H. Darwish

ABSTRACT

Road accidents involving large animals are responsible for a considerable number of fatalities; these are e.g. elk in Northern Europe or camels in Middle East, Horn of Africa and Maghreb. In order to address this topic, investigations concerning active and passive road safety have been launched at the King Saud University and at Graz University of Technology. Data of real accidents or accident statistics are not available in the required quality to gather typical accident scenarios. Therefore generic accidents types were derived and critical load cases were determined by means of multi body and finite element simulations. It was found that the vehicle acceleration due to the impact is not a safety issue, but the finite element simulations showed that massive local intrusions into the passenger compartment are the main cause for severe occupant injuries. Therefore, concepts for the prevention of critical intrusions were examined. In a first step the space required for the occupant movement due to the rather mediocre acceleration levels in car-to-large animal accidents was determined by multi-body simulation. In a second step different approaches preventing intrusions into the occupant-movement-space were analyzed by finite element simulation. In addition, the possible effects and requirements of active systems have been studied to demonstrate the potential of combined measures. More... »

PAGES

59-79

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013. Methods to Prevent or Mitigate Accidents with Large Animals in CHARACTERIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF BIOSYSTEMS AND BIOMATERIALS
  • Book

    TITLE

    Advances in Bio-Mechanical Systems and Materials

    ISBN

    978-3-319-00478-5
    978-3-319-00479-2

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-319-00479-2_5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00479-2_5

    DIMENSIONS

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