Biotechnology Strategies to Combat Plant Abiotic Stress View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2021-07-23

AUTHORS

Syed Uzma Jalil , Mohammad Israil Ansari

ABSTRACT

Adverse environmental conditions cause major challenge to crop production and have significant decreases in crop yields worldwide. Developing stress tolerance varieties against wide range of abiotic stresses is a widely supported approach that allows the environment to adapt to these methods. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plants are generated due to abiotic stresses that causes lipid peroxidation, inactivation of enzymes, DNA damage in plant cells. Biotechnological approaches propose numerous applications in crop improvement including stress resistance and quality enhancement. Identification and functional characterization of various target genes involves in signaling, transcription, antioxidant defense system for understanding the molecular mechanism of abiotic stress tolerance has been employed to developed stress resistant plants by biotechnological techniques. Employing genetic engineering approaches, tissue culture techniques, functional validation of genes and transcription factors and genome editing approaches for example Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) as well as advanced molecular tool CRISPR-Cas9 systems which provides simplicity and precision of targeted gene editing methods. These biotechnological approaches engage in different processes to enhance abiotic stress resistant in different plants. Present chapter provide inclusive outline to draw the consideration of investigators with advances in biotechnological techniques to improve the tolerance of abiotic stresses in various plants to increase plant productivity. More... »

PAGES

61-76

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-030-73606-4_3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73606-4_3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1139862999


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