Role of Nanomaterials in Regulating Reactive Species as a Signaling Molecule of Abiotic Stress in Plants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2021-07-23

AUTHORS

Syed Uzma Jalil , Mohammad Israil Ansari

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology is a promising field of science that contributes innovative approach to understand and develop suitable mechanisms to regulate the production of reactive species in plants based on nanoparticles. During abiotic stress condition, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are constantly produced in the cell organelles viz. mitochondria, peroxisomes and cytoplasm that can devastate the metabolism by oxidative damage of macromolecules such as lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.The distinctive physiochemical properties of nanoparticles have numerous applications in agricultural sector. Abiotic stress conditions present severe problems limiting crop productivity. Abiotic stresses can cause nutrient deficiency or toxicity symptoms leading to modification of normal processes of plants. This increases the production of reactive species, which leads to oxidative damage in the cells. Plants regulate various metabolic pathways to alleviate the generation of ROS inside the plant cell for improving the abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Antioxidant enzymes are important for the defense system in respond to reactive species in plants. Nanoparticles treatment provides enhanced performance of tolerance in plants against adverse environmental conditions through enhancing the free radical scavenging potential and antioxidant enzymatic activity. This chapter emphasizes the mechanism of nanoparticles involved in regulating stress tolerance to minimize the implications of abiotic stress in plants. More... »

PAGES

291-304

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-3-030-73606-4_12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73606-4_12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1139863092


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