Flavonoid-Rich Chocolate and Cognitive Improvement View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

Eha Nurk

ABSTRACT

There is some evidence that flavanols, but also methylxanthine compounds, in cocoa may have a positive effect on cognitive functioning. The results from clinical trials indicate that cocoa flavanols are beneficial in improving the vascular function and increasing cerebral blood flow and may therefore have potential for treatment of vascular impairment, including dementias and strokes, but also potential for maintaining an adequate cognitive functioning. Long-term administration of a cocoa polyphenolic extract may be beneficial in retarding age-related brain impairments, including cognitive deficits in normal aging, as demonstrated in animal studies. The efficacy of flavanol-rich cocoa on cognitive performance has been shown in a couple of human trials, but there are also a few experiments that yielded no improvement, presumably due to the ceiling effect in cognitive testing. Based on population-based cross-sectional study chocolate intake up to 10 g/day is associated with better performance in several cognitive abilities in a dose-dependent manner. Studies on cell cultures have shown that neuroprotective actions of cocoa flavonoids involve a number of effects within the brain, including a potential to protect neurons against injury induced by neurotoxins and an ability to suppress neuroinflammation, and that cocoa may therefore have a potential to promote memory, learning, and cognitive function. More... »

PAGES

381-388

Book

TITLE

Chocolate in Health and Nutrition

ISBN

978-1-61779-802-3
978-1-61779-803-0

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039188429


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute for Health Development", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416712.7", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Surveillance and Evaluation, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nurk", 
        "givenName": "Eha", 
        "id": "sg:person.01105566455.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105566455.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00041433-200202000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002757686"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00041433-200202000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002757686"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.29.1.171", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003215880"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2006.04.067", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007714823"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008031784"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008031784"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2006.tb00194.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008428297"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00002093-199912003-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008856219"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00002093-199912003-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008856219"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.02.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011828799"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/fjc.0b013e3181b76787", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013544217"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/fjc.0b013e3181b76787", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013544217"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/fjc.0b013e3181b76787", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013544217"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/fjc.0b013e3181b76787", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013544217"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013965870"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013965870"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013965870"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)65262-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014812004"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881109106923", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018622557"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881109106923", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018622557"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2147/ndt.s2310", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021981056"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.hjh.0000239293.40507.2a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023294269"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.hjh.0000239293.40507.2a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023294269"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.095182", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027115315"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114507886375", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027740606"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114507886375", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027740606"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10408390802066805", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030652496"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0197-4580(00)00125-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034427731"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00297.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034800773"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035940129", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035940129", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.03.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036067919"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2007.12.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037600454"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040992836", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040992836", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03610730903417960", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042646559"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03610730903417960", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042646559"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(92)90155-u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043576869"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(92)90155-u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043576869"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051266171"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051266171"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.02.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052094363"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0197-4580(99)00110-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052891023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/appe.1993.1042", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053663692"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048989m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055902978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048989m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055902978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062175j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055905738"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062175j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055905738"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/15216540051081092", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058397949"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/ars.2010.3697", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059231454"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.46.1.154", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064373591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.46.1.154", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064373591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.46.1.154", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064373591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2057s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074676354"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2073s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074676355"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/81.1.313s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076991235"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/81.3.541", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077018832"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077355531", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/87.4.872", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077631670"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-01-01", 
    "description": "There is some evidence that flavanols, but also methylxanthine compounds, in cocoa may have a positive effect on cognitive functioning. The results from clinical trials indicate that cocoa flavanols are beneficial in improving the vascular function and increasing cerebral blood flow and may therefore have potential for treatment of vascular impairment, including dementias and strokes, but also potential for maintaining an adequate cognitive functioning. Long-term administration of a cocoa polyphenolic extract may be beneficial in retarding age-related brain impairments, including cognitive deficits in normal aging, as demonstrated in animal studies. The efficacy of flavanol-rich cocoa on cognitive performance has been shown in a couple of human trials, but there are also a few experiments that yielded no improvement, presumably due to the ceiling effect in cognitive testing. Based on population-based cross-sectional study chocolate intake up to 10 g/day is associated with better performance in several cognitive abilities in a dose-dependent manner. Studies on cell cultures have shown that neuroprotective actions of cocoa flavonoids involve a number of effects within the brain, including a potential to protect neurons against injury induced by neurotoxins and an ability to suppress neuroinflammation, and that cocoa may therefore have a potential to promote memory, learning, and cognitive function.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Watson", 
        "givenName": "Ronald Ross", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Preedy", 
        "givenName": "Victor R.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Zibadi", 
        "givenName": "Sherma", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-61779-802-3", 
        "978-1-61779-803-0"
      ], 
      "name": "Chocolate in Health and Nutrition", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Flavonoid-Rich Chocolate and Cognitive Improvement", 
    "pagination": "381-388", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "baac4bb2cc2ad5de5d51fe80a54cf99f381d9ccaef48cd0138ce06098e9516f6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1039188429"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Totowa, NJ", 
      "name": "Humana Press", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039188429"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T22:00", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8693_00000267.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

193 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      66 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28 schema:about anzsrc-for:17
2 anzsrc-for:1701
3 schema:author N418c798ab8bb45e488e0bc44cfbf8d73
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4
6 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077355531
7 https://doi.org/10.1006/appe.1993.1042
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(92)90155-u
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.03.010
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.02.010
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2006.04.067
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2007.12.012
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.02.013
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)65262-2
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0197-4580(00)00125-1
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0197-4580(99)00110-4
17 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114507886375
18 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048989m
19 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062175j
20 https://doi.org/10.1080/03610730903417960
21 https://doi.org/10.1080/10408390802066805
22 https://doi.org/10.1080/15216540051081092
23 https://doi.org/10.1089/ars.2010.3697
24 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/81.1.313s
25 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/81.3.541
26 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/87.4.872
27 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2057s
28 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2073s
29 https://doi.org/10.1097/00002093-199912003-00017
30 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00002
31 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00017
32 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00018
33 https://doi.org/10.1097/00041433-200202000-00007
34 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.hjh.0000239293.40507.2a
35 https://doi.org/10.1097/fjc.0b013e3181b76787
36 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00297.x
37 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2006.tb00194.x
38 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.29.1.171
39 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881109106923
40 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.46.1.154
41 https://doi.org/10.2147/ndt.s2310
42 https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.095182
43 schema:datePublished 2013
44 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-01-01
45 schema:description There is some evidence that flavanols, but also methylxanthine compounds, in cocoa may have a positive effect on cognitive functioning. The results from clinical trials indicate that cocoa flavanols are beneficial in improving the vascular function and increasing cerebral blood flow and may therefore have potential for treatment of vascular impairment, including dementias and strokes, but also potential for maintaining an adequate cognitive functioning. Long-term administration of a cocoa polyphenolic extract may be beneficial in retarding age-related brain impairments, including cognitive deficits in normal aging, as demonstrated in animal studies. The efficacy of flavanol-rich cocoa on cognitive performance has been shown in a couple of human trials, but there are also a few experiments that yielded no improvement, presumably due to the ceiling effect in cognitive testing. Based on population-based cross-sectional study chocolate intake up to 10 g/day is associated with better performance in several cognitive abilities in a dose-dependent manner. Studies on cell cultures have shown that neuroprotective actions of cocoa flavonoids involve a number of effects within the brain, including a potential to protect neurons against injury induced by neurotoxins and an ability to suppress neuroinflammation, and that cocoa may therefore have a potential to promote memory, learning, and cognitive function.
46 schema:editor N0410a02f3885497ebe513fdf111cc584
47 schema:genre chapter
48 schema:inLanguage en
49 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
50 schema:isPartOf Nd567843538b74a458811933e8f9412f2
51 schema:name Flavonoid-Rich Chocolate and Cognitive Improvement
52 schema:pagination 381-388
53 schema:productId N02d70e9acf5a47029fd97abd5987039a
54 N10fc78dd572b4333b6ea0997d94e641f
55 N25e726c2742347368ebf10f7d228de31
56 schema:publisher Naf6bc31b295240aa835487809e2f9693
57 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039188429
58 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28
59 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T22:00
60 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
61 schema:sdPublisher Ndfd79855e70f46c1b13ce57e7eb92bb2
62 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28
63 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
64 sgo:sdDataset chapters
65 rdf:type schema:Chapter
66 N02d70e9acf5a47029fd97abd5987039a schema:name doi
67 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_28
68 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
69 N0410a02f3885497ebe513fdf111cc584 rdf:first Ne231520aefe848a79ddcacd7a97b55be
70 rdf:rest N257297fa14404d0f948de4194161c24c
71 N10fc78dd572b4333b6ea0997d94e641f schema:name readcube_id
72 schema:value baac4bb2cc2ad5de5d51fe80a54cf99f381d9ccaef48cd0138ce06098e9516f6
73 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
74 N257297fa14404d0f948de4194161c24c rdf:first N725d225defac4c3bb926f76f3493dee3
75 rdf:rest N257afcb4a0de411ab82bce93ff1cd4d6
76 N257afcb4a0de411ab82bce93ff1cd4d6 rdf:first Ncb7e1a49bb6d4d44afb4a8983f391144
77 rdf:rest rdf:nil
78 N25e726c2742347368ebf10f7d228de31 schema:name dimensions_id
79 schema:value pub.1039188429
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 N418c798ab8bb45e488e0bc44cfbf8d73 rdf:first sg:person.01105566455.32
82 rdf:rest rdf:nil
83 N725d225defac4c3bb926f76f3493dee3 schema:familyName Preedy
84 schema:givenName Victor R.
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 Naf6bc31b295240aa835487809e2f9693 schema:location Totowa, NJ
87 schema:name Humana Press
88 rdf:type schema:Organisation
89 Ncb7e1a49bb6d4d44afb4a8983f391144 schema:familyName Zibadi
90 schema:givenName Sherma
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 Nd567843538b74a458811933e8f9412f2 schema:isbn 978-1-61779-802-3
93 978-1-61779-803-0
94 schema:name Chocolate in Health and Nutrition
95 rdf:type schema:Book
96 Ndfd79855e70f46c1b13ce57e7eb92bb2 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
97 rdf:type schema:Organization
98 Ne231520aefe848a79ddcacd7a97b55be schema:familyName Watson
99 schema:givenName Ronald Ross
100 rdf:type schema:Person
101 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
102 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
105 schema:name Psychology
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 sg:person.01105566455.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416712.7
108 schema:familyName Nurk
109 schema:givenName Eha
110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105566455.32
111 rdf:type schema:Person
112 sg:pub.10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040992836
113 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-004-1898-3
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035940129
116 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077355531 schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1006/appe.1993.1042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053663692
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(92)90155-u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043576869
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.03.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036067919
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.02.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011828799
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2006.04.067 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007714823
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2007.12.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037600454
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.02.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052094363
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)65262-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014812004
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0197-4580(00)00125-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034427731
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0197-4580(99)00110-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052891023
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114507886375 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027740606
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048989m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055902978
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062175j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055905738
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.1080/03610730903417960 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042646559
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://doi.org/10.1080/10408390802066805 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030652496
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 https://doi.org/10.1080/15216540051081092 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058397949
150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
151 https://doi.org/10.1089/ars.2010.3697 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059231454
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/81.1.313s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076991235
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/81.3.541 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077018832
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/87.4.872 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077631670
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2057s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074676354
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2073s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074676355
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 https://doi.org/10.1097/00002093-199912003-00017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008856219
164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
165 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008031784
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013965870
168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
169 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005344-200606001-00018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051266171
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 https://doi.org/10.1097/00041433-200202000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002757686
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.hjh.0000239293.40507.2a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023294269
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 https://doi.org/10.1097/fjc.0b013e3181b76787 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013544217
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00297.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034800773
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2006.tb00194.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008428297
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.29.1.171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003215880
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881109106923 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018622557
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.46.1.154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064373591
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://doi.org/10.2147/ndt.s2310 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021981056
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.095182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027115315
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416712.7 schema:alternateName National Institute for Health Development
192 schema:name Department of Surveillance and Evaluation, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
193 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...