Short Primer in Stem Cell Biology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2015

AUTHORS

Ivan N. Rich

ABSTRACT

Stem cells can be divided into two types, namely non-definitive and definitive stem cells. Non-definitive stem cells have the capacity of developing into any organ or tissue of the body. The best example is the fertilized egg, but the most commonly known are embryonic stem cells (ESC) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Definitive stem cells are derived from non-definitive stem cells and are organ or tissue specific. They are responsible for maintaining the organ or tissue. Definitive stem cells can be divided into two types; those that maintain continuously proliferating cell systems and those that maintain partially proliferating cell systems. Continuously proliferating cell systems include the blood-forming or hematopoietic system, the gastrointestinal system, the reproductive system, the skin, and specific cells of the eye. Partially proliferating stem cell systems include the liver, kidney, lung, and neural systems to name but a few (Fig. 1.1). In fact, virtually every organ and tissue is associated with or has its own definitive stem cell system [1–3]. More... »

PAGES

1-6

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4939-1785-3_1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1785-3_1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020747010

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25388381


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