Natural Structural Shapes (A Unified Optimal Design Philosophy) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1988

AUTHORS

Wolfram Stadler

ABSTRACT

Good design is based on a thorough understanding of the limitations imposed by natural law as well as the existent technology. In 1775 the Parisian Academy of Sciences ceased to accept papers concerning perpeda mobilae based on the universal observation that all motion within our experience eventually attenuates unless some sort of driving force sustains it. Such machines were later recognized to be in conflict with the second law of thermodynamics in that they implied entropy generation. The design of substances and materials is limited by the fact that there are numerous chemical reactions that cannot take place and chemical bonds that cannot be sustained. In mechanical behavior, the amount of force available implies clear limitations on the speed that a particle can achieve in a given amount of time. On a more subtle level, there are motions in particle dynamics that cannot be sustained by noncentral forces, and so on. What is clear is that all design is subject to the limitations of natural law or, more precisely, natural law as now understood. A clear understanding of natural phenomena can overcome perceived limitations of false theories. Therefore, in order to free ourselves from the shackles of such false limitations, our primary efforts must be directed toward an understanding of natural law. Our designs then will reflect this understanding. More... »

PAGES

355-390

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1977-09. Uniform shallow arches of minimum weight and minimum maximum deflection in JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
  • 1981. The Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control, An Introduction in NONE
  • 1983-10. Instability of optimal equilibria in the minimum mass design of uniform shallow arches in JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
  • 1986-11. A survey of vector optimization in infinite-dimensional spaces, part 2 in JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
  • 1975-07. The Mechanical Design of Trees in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • Book

    TITLE

    Multicriteria Optimization in Engineering and in the Sciences

    ISBN

    978-1-4899-3736-0
    978-1-4899-3734-6

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025824156


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0306", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "San Francisco State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f", 
              "name": [
                "Division of Engineering, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California\u00a094132, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Stadler", 
            "givenName": "Wolfram", 
            "id": "sg:person.013574362334.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013574362334.58"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00939823", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004804653", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00939823"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/oca.4660070303", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011265579"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-5564(83)90049-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020154104"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032045962", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032045962", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935226", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044454033", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00935226"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935226", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044454033", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00935226"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00932304", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046749749", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00932304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00932304", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046749749", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00932304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0775-92", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056571412", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0775-92"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/31.2.169", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059984431"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/36.3.365", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059984609"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3424040", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062120085"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1119/1.13295", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062230614"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.179.4079.1201", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062506747"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1988", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1988-01-01", 
        "description": "Good design is based on a thorough understanding of the limitations imposed by natural law as well as the existent technology. In 1775 the Parisian Academy of Sciences ceased to accept papers concerning perpeda mobilae based on the universal observation that all motion within our experience eventually attenuates unless some sort of driving force sustains it. Such machines were later recognized to be in conflict with the second law of thermodynamics in that they implied entropy generation. The design of substances and materials is limited by the fact that there are numerous chemical reactions that cannot take place and chemical bonds that cannot be sustained. In mechanical behavior, the amount of force available implies clear limitations on the speed that a particle can achieve in a given amount of time. On a more subtle level, there are motions in particle dynamics that cannot be sustained by noncentral forces, and so on. What is clear is that all design is subject to the limitations of natural law or, more precisely, natural law as now understood. A clear understanding of natural phenomena can overcome perceived limitations of false theories. Therefore, in order to free ourselves from the shackles of such false limitations, our primary efforts must be directed toward an understanding of natural law. Our designs then will reflect this understanding.", 
        "editor": [
          {
            "familyName": "Stadler", 
            "givenName": "Wolfram", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "genre": "chapter", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": {
          "isbn": [
            "978-1-4899-3736-0", 
            "978-1-4899-3734-6"
          ], 
          "name": "Multicriteria Optimization in Engineering and in the Sciences", 
          "type": "Book"
        }, 
        "name": "Natural Structural Shapes (A Unified Optimal Design Philosophy)", 
        "pagination": "355-390", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "7b07d73f5a376b78ef306ffa651e844b189e071968e70f8203ecec824e5f4661"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1025824156"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "publisher": {
          "location": "Boston, MA", 
          "name": "Springer US", 
          "type": "Organisation"
        }, 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025824156"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "chapters", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T19:09", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000259.jsonl", 
        "type": "Chapter", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    106 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      39 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
    2 anzsrc-for:0306
    3 schema:author Ne361a4c5da8b44b0854e27db9d14b3a3
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00932304
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935226
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00939823
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0775-92
    9 https://doi.org/10.1002/oca.4660070303
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-5564(83)90049-4
    11 https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/31.2.169
    12 https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/36.3.365
    13 https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3424040
    14 https://doi.org/10.1119/1.13295
    15 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.179.4079.1201
    16 schema:datePublished 1988
    17 schema:datePublishedReg 1988-01-01
    18 schema:description Good design is based on a thorough understanding of the limitations imposed by natural law as well as the existent technology. In 1775 the Parisian Academy of Sciences ceased to accept papers concerning perpeda mobilae based on the universal observation that all motion within our experience eventually attenuates unless some sort of driving force sustains it. Such machines were later recognized to be in conflict with the second law of thermodynamics in that they implied entropy generation. The design of substances and materials is limited by the fact that there are numerous chemical reactions that cannot take place and chemical bonds that cannot be sustained. In mechanical behavior, the amount of force available implies clear limitations on the speed that a particle can achieve in a given amount of time. On a more subtle level, there are motions in particle dynamics that cannot be sustained by noncentral forces, and so on. What is clear is that all design is subject to the limitations of natural law or, more precisely, natural law as now understood. A clear understanding of natural phenomena can overcome perceived limitations of false theories. Therefore, in order to free ourselves from the shackles of such false limitations, our primary efforts must be directed toward an understanding of natural law. Our designs then will reflect this understanding.
    19 schema:editor N5f3c16525e5a4f41bb9eaf8c758efdc7
    20 schema:genre chapter
    21 schema:inLanguage en
    22 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    23 schema:isPartOf Nb77f92f7d706425da258c81f5f780b98
    24 schema:name Natural Structural Shapes (A Unified Optimal Design Philosophy)
    25 schema:pagination 355-390
    26 schema:productId N02274aa0770444b98456c5485d01c233
    27 N5dc60768f26a401d8172b34e51f61052
    28 N95aabc6d385d491e88f56145dafc217e
    29 schema:publisher Necb9b64c66544b469719d871b61f7de1
    30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025824156
    31 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11
    32 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T19:09
    33 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    34 schema:sdPublisher Nd92ad3b9c7ef46068abddfb73d348184
    35 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11
    36 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    37 sgo:sdDataset chapters
    38 rdf:type schema:Chapter
    39 N02274aa0770444b98456c5485d01c233 schema:name readcube_id
    40 schema:value 7b07d73f5a376b78ef306ffa651e844b189e071968e70f8203ecec824e5f4661
    41 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    42 N5dc60768f26a401d8172b34e51f61052 schema:name doi
    43 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4899-3734-6_11
    44 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    45 N5f3c16525e5a4f41bb9eaf8c758efdc7 rdf:first N80b913163be64f1088eacf72bd69a30a
    46 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    47 N80b913163be64f1088eacf72bd69a30a schema:familyName Stadler
    48 schema:givenName Wolfram
    49 rdf:type schema:Person
    50 N95aabc6d385d491e88f56145dafc217e schema:name dimensions_id
    51 schema:value pub.1025824156
    52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    53 Nb77f92f7d706425da258c81f5f780b98 schema:isbn 978-1-4899-3734-6
    54 978-1-4899-3736-0
    55 schema:name Multicriteria Optimization in Engineering and in the Sciences
    56 rdf:type schema:Book
    57 Nd92ad3b9c7ef46068abddfb73d348184 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    58 rdf:type schema:Organization
    59 Ne361a4c5da8b44b0854e27db9d14b3a3 rdf:first sg:person.013574362334.58
    60 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    61 Necb9b64c66544b469719d871b61f7de1 schema:location Boston, MA
    62 schema:name Springer US
    63 rdf:type schema:Organisation
    64 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    65 schema:name Chemical Sciences
    66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    67 anzsrc-for:0306 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    68 schema:name Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
    69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    70 sg:person.013574362334.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f
    71 schema:familyName Stadler
    72 schema:givenName Wolfram
    73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013574362334.58
    74 rdf:type schema:Person
    75 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032045962
    76 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0333-4
    77 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    78 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00932304 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046749749
    79 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00932304
    80 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    81 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00935226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044454033
    82 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00935226
    83 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    84 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00939823 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004804653
    85 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00939823
    86 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    87 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0775-92 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056571412
    88 https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0775-92
    89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    90 https://doi.org/10.1002/oca.4660070303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011265579
    91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    92 https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-5564(83)90049-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020154104
    93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    94 https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/31.2.169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059984431
    95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    96 https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/36.3.365 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059984609
    97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    98 https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3424040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062120085
    99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    100 https://doi.org/10.1119/1.13295 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062230614
    101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    102 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.179.4079.1201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062506747
    103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    104 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f schema:alternateName San Francisco State University
    105 schema:name Division of Engineering, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California 94132, USA
    106 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...