Gamma-Band Responses Reflect Word/Pseudoword Processing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter      Open Access: True


Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

Friedemann Pulvermüller , Hubert Preißl , Carsten Eulitz , Christo Pantev , Werner Lutzenberger , Bernd Feige , Thomas Elbert , Niels Birbaumer

ABSTRACT

According to one brain-theoretical view, higher brain functions are based on processing units called cell assemblies. Cell assemblies are large groups of cortical pyramidal neurons with strong and reciprocal internal connections. Cell assemblies develop in a randomly connected neuronal network when sets of neurons are frequently active simultaneously so that their connections strengthen (Hebb’s law, Hebb, 1949, Gustafsson et al., 1987, Bonhöffer et al., 1989, Ahissar et al., 1992). Neurons making up one assembly do not need to be located in a small cortical area. They may be distributed widely over various cortical regions. Such transcortical assemblies are likely to be held together through long axons of pyramidal cells which are well-known to connect distant cortical areas (Pandya and Yeterian, 1985, Braitenberg and Schüz, 1991, Deacon, 1992a, Deacon, 1992b). Due to strong intra-assembly connections, excitation of some neurons of an assembly leads to spreading activation in the network and, finally, to an “ignition” of the whole assembly. Overshooting activity will occur in the cortex when too many assemblies ignite at the same time. Therefore, a regulation mechanism is required which keeps the level of cortical excitation close to a target value (Braitenberg, 1978). This regulation mechanism guarantees that only one or a limited number of assemblies will ignite at a time. More... »

PAGES

243-258

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-1307-4_18

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-1307-4_18

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034646221


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