Reduced Gases and Bacteria in Hydrothermal Fluids: The Galapagos Spreading Center and 21°N East Pacific Rise View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1983

AUTHORS

Marvin D. Lilley , John A. Baross , Louis I. Gordon

ABSTRACT

Hydrothermal fluids at the Galapagos Spreading Center (GSC) and at 21°N on the East Pacific Rise were enriched in methane, hydrogen and carbon monoxide by orders of magnitude over ambient bottom water. Nitrous oxide showed both enrichment and depletion in warm vent waters. Each GSC vent field exhibited unique dissolved gas to silica ratios indicating that complex source — sink mechanisms operated within a small geographic region. The CH4/3 He ratio at 21°N was 6.1 × 106 whereas at the GSC, a range of 12.4 to 42 × 106 was seen. At 21°N the H2/3 He ratio was on the order of 100 times that at the GSC. Microbial data showed as many as 109 organisms ml−1 in GSC samples and 105 ml−1 in the hot 21°N waters. These microbial communities are complex and include organisms known to produce and consume the gases discussed here. We conclude that microbial activity in the warm GSC vents is a significant contributing factor in determining the final gas concentrations in the vent waters. More... »

PAGES

411-449

Book

TITLE

Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers

ISBN

978-1-4899-0404-1
978-1-4899-0402-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051633600


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0605", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4391.f", 
          "name": [
            "School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lilley", 
        "givenName": "Marvin D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0743023724.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0743023724.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4391.f", 
          "name": [
            "School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Baross", 
        "givenName": "John A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0646677255.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0646677255.34"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4391.f", 
          "name": [
            "School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gordon", 
        "givenName": "Louis I.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01103211654.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103211654.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1983", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1983-01-01", 
    "description": "Hydrothermal fluids at the Galapagos Spreading Center (GSC) and at 21\u00b0N on the East Pacific Rise were enriched in methane, hydrogen and carbon monoxide by orders of magnitude over ambient bottom water. Nitrous oxide showed both enrichment and depletion in warm vent waters. Each GSC vent field exhibited unique dissolved gas to silica ratios indicating that complex source \u2014 sink mechanisms operated within a small geographic region. The CH4/3 He ratio at 21\u00b0N was 6.1 \u00d7 106 whereas at the GSC, a range of 12.4 to 42 \u00d7 106 was seen. At 21\u00b0N the H2/3 He ratio was on the order of 100 times that at the GSC. Microbial data showed as many as 109 organisms ml\u22121 in GSC samples and 105 ml\u22121 in the hot 21\u00b0N waters. These microbial communities are complex and include organisms known to produce and consume the gases discussed here. We conclude that microbial activity in the warm GSC vents is a significant contributing factor in determining the final gas concentrations in the vent waters.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Rona", 
        "givenName": "Peter A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Bostr\u00f6m", 
        "givenName": "Kurt", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Laubier", 
        "givenName": "Lucien", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Smith", 
        "givenName": "Kenneth L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4899-0404-1", 
        "978-1-4899-0402-7"
      ], 
      "name": "Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "Galapagos Spreading Center", 
      "East Pacific Rise", 
      "hydrothermal fluids", 
      "Spreading Center", 
      "vent waters", 
      "N East Pacific Rise", 
      "ambient bottom water", 
      "reduced gases", 
      "bottom water", 
      "vent field", 
      "N waters", 
      "source-sink mechanism", 
      "gas concentration", 
      "microbial activity", 
      "nitrous oxide", 
      "water", 
      "microbial data", 
      "small geographic region", 
      "orders of magnitude", 
      "gases", 
      "microbial communities", 
      "silica ratio", 
      "vents", 
      "enrichment", 
      "carbon monoxide", 
      "fluid", 
      "methane", 
      "rise", 
      "significant contributing factor", 
      "magnitude", 
      "geographic regions", 
      "region", 
      "depletion", 
      "ratio", 
      "gas", 
      "organisms", 
      "concentration", 
      "monoxide", 
      "center", 
      "data", 
      "contributing factor", 
      "range", 
      "samples", 
      "order", 
      "field", 
      "community", 
      "bacteria", 
      "time", 
      "oxide", 
      "activity", 
      "mechanism", 
      "hydrogen", 
      "factors"
    ], 
    "name": "Reduced Gases and Bacteria in Hydrothermal Fluids: The Galapagos Spreading Center and 21\u00b0N East Pacific Rise", 
    "pagination": "411-449", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1051633600"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051633600"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:52", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_135.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

141 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      78 URIs      71 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0605
3 schema:author N7d35131006d445dca8db8fc1bbd116af
4 schema:datePublished 1983
5 schema:datePublishedReg 1983-01-01
6 schema:description Hydrothermal fluids at the Galapagos Spreading Center (GSC) and at 21°N on the East Pacific Rise were enriched in methane, hydrogen and carbon monoxide by orders of magnitude over ambient bottom water. Nitrous oxide showed both enrichment and depletion in warm vent waters. Each GSC vent field exhibited unique dissolved gas to silica ratios indicating that complex source — sink mechanisms operated within a small geographic region. The CH4/3 He ratio at 21°N was 6.1 × 106 whereas at the GSC, a range of 12.4 to 42 × 106 was seen. At 21°N the H2/3 He ratio was on the order of 100 times that at the GSC. Microbial data showed as many as 109 organisms ml−1 in GSC samples and 105 ml−1 in the hot 21°N waters. These microbial communities are complex and include organisms known to produce and consume the gases discussed here. We conclude that microbial activity in the warm GSC vents is a significant contributing factor in determining the final gas concentrations in the vent waters.
7 schema:editor N4652e053644d4bd1b79ff14445cd1c44
8 schema:genre chapter
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf Nffc5772fd2824e74b1a52569507615cd
11 schema:keywords East Pacific Rise
12 Galapagos Spreading Center
13 N East Pacific Rise
14 N waters
15 Spreading Center
16 activity
17 ambient bottom water
18 bacteria
19 bottom water
20 carbon monoxide
21 center
22 community
23 concentration
24 contributing factor
25 data
26 depletion
27 enrichment
28 factors
29 field
30 fluid
31 gas
32 gas concentration
33 gases
34 geographic regions
35 hydrogen
36 hydrothermal fluids
37 magnitude
38 mechanism
39 methane
40 microbial activity
41 microbial communities
42 microbial data
43 monoxide
44 nitrous oxide
45 order
46 orders of magnitude
47 organisms
48 oxide
49 range
50 ratio
51 reduced gases
52 region
53 rise
54 samples
55 significant contributing factor
56 silica ratio
57 small geographic region
58 source-sink mechanism
59 time
60 vent field
61 vent waters
62 vents
63 water
64 schema:name Reduced Gases and Bacteria in Hydrothermal Fluids: The Galapagos Spreading Center and 21°N East Pacific Rise
65 schema:pagination 411-449
66 schema:productId N46302f3fadd64d2f8099486141bd6d8c
67 Ne654d8baf8554b9883d2d93739ad3307
68 schema:publisher N2ac03eab34f6401392a338094fee6e1e
69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051633600
70 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18
71 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:52
72 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
73 schema:sdPublisher Neb7a2c6cf5f14816b302b14836d3ad85
74 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18
75 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
76 sgo:sdDataset chapters
77 rdf:type schema:Chapter
78 N0acbcfdf570c4d90984f220c030908f0 schema:familyName Boström
79 schema:givenName Kurt
80 rdf:type schema:Person
81 N2ac03eab34f6401392a338094fee6e1e schema:name Springer Nature
82 rdf:type schema:Organisation
83 N2def974694eb416997060b1d34e6f02d schema:familyName Laubier
84 schema:givenName Lucien
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 N46302f3fadd64d2f8099486141bd6d8c schema:name doi
87 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7_18
88 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
89 N4652e053644d4bd1b79ff14445cd1c44 rdf:first Nfa07d4916788474d8ac72c8e22c35bb8
90 rdf:rest Nae107257b1fd4e248372e5a61d1f28b3
91 N5a5bf843851f4523b9363cf9bed8bb26 rdf:first N83b4608663bd4c2ca9d42049c9a26470
92 rdf:rest rdf:nil
93 N6c20092605fb475f8590aecd485fe5af rdf:first sg:person.0646677255.34
94 rdf:rest N85c536f8d01a486e8a1b0b8240666454
95 N7a8a8d301b4646089f17365d030eb8ff rdf:first N2def974694eb416997060b1d34e6f02d
96 rdf:rest N5a5bf843851f4523b9363cf9bed8bb26
97 N7d35131006d445dca8db8fc1bbd116af rdf:first sg:person.0743023724.39
98 rdf:rest N6c20092605fb475f8590aecd485fe5af
99 N83b4608663bd4c2ca9d42049c9a26470 schema:familyName Smith
100 schema:givenName Kenneth L.
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 N85c536f8d01a486e8a1b0b8240666454 rdf:first sg:person.01103211654.36
103 rdf:rest rdf:nil
104 Nae107257b1fd4e248372e5a61d1f28b3 rdf:first N0acbcfdf570c4d90984f220c030908f0
105 rdf:rest N7a8a8d301b4646089f17365d030eb8ff
106 Ne654d8baf8554b9883d2d93739ad3307 schema:name dimensions_id
107 schema:value pub.1051633600
108 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
109 Neb7a2c6cf5f14816b302b14836d3ad85 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
110 rdf:type schema:Organization
111 Nfa07d4916788474d8ac72c8e22c35bb8 schema:familyName Rona
112 schema:givenName Peter A.
113 rdf:type schema:Person
114 Nffc5772fd2824e74b1a52569507615cd schema:isbn 978-1-4899-0402-7
115 978-1-4899-0404-1
116 schema:name Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers
117 rdf:type schema:Book
118 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
119 schema:name Biological Sciences
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 anzsrc-for:0605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
122 schema:name Microbiology
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 sg:person.01103211654.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4391.f
125 schema:familyName Gordon
126 schema:givenName Louis I.
127 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103211654.36
128 rdf:type schema:Person
129 sg:person.0646677255.34 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4391.f
130 schema:familyName Baross
131 schema:givenName John A.
132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0646677255.34
133 rdf:type schema:Person
134 sg:person.0743023724.39 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4391.f
135 schema:familyName Lilley
136 schema:givenName Marvin D.
137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0743023724.39
138 rdf:type schema:Person
139 grid-institutes:grid.4391.f schema:alternateName School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA
140 schema:name School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, 97331, Corvallis, OR, USA
141 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...