Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies on Xanthan Gum View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

M. J. Wilkins , M. C. Davies , D. E. Jackson , C. J. Roberts , S. J. B. Tendler , P. M. Williams

ABSTRACT

The application of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) to imaging biological molecules has generated much interest over recent years. Research has mainly concentrated on obtaining images of DNA, proteins and small organic molecules. However, the work we present concerns polysaccharides, specifically xanthan gum, commonly used in the food and oil industries. We have employed high-resolution metallic shadowing to overcome some of the problems associated with imaging biological molecules by STM, such as tip-sample interaction effects and lack of conduction. The images displayed demonstrate the ability of the STM to image replicas of discrete polysaccharide molecules. We directly correlate and compare these results with electron micrographs of similarly prepared molecules. In addition, the effect of different sample deposition techniques and substrates on the resultant images of xanthan gum is demonstrated. We discuss the implications for sample preparation procedures for future STM studies on biological molecules. More... »

PAGES

91-99

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Atomic Force Microscopy/Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

ISBN

978-1-4757-9324-6
978-1-4757-9322-2

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006142449


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0299", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nottingham", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4", 
          "name": [
            "The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wilkins", 
        "givenName": "M. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07377446665.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07377446665.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nottingham", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4", 
          "name": [
            "The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Davies", 
        "givenName": "M. C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01367077636.60", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01367077636.60"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nottingham", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4", 
          "name": [
            "The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jackson", 
        "givenName": "D. E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01276066164.87", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01276066164.87"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nottingham", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4", 
          "name": [
            "The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Roberts", 
        "givenName": "C. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01035336303.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035336303.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nottingham", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4", 
          "name": [
            "The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tendler", 
        "givenName": "S. J. B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016270620744.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016270620744.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nottingham", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4", 
          "name": [
            "The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Williams", 
        "givenName": "P. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011713065452.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011713065452.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1991.tb03159.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014111394"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3991(93)90182-w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022698969"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3991(93)90182-w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022698969"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jemt.1060130407", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022906887"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(92)90208-n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032876070"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(92)90208-n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032876070"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(87)80300-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037925525"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1988.tb01381.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042063469"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/346294a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050911319", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/346294a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la00039a030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056138906"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1992517", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062516660"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1994", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1994-01-01", 
    "description": "The application of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) to imaging biological molecules has generated much interest over recent years. Research has mainly concentrated on obtaining images of DNA, proteins and small organic molecules. However, the work we present concerns polysaccharides, specifically xanthan gum, commonly used in the food and oil industries. We have employed high-resolution metallic shadowing to overcome some of the problems associated with imaging biological molecules by STM, such as tip-sample interaction effects and lack of conduction. The images displayed demonstrate the ability of the STM to image replicas of discrete polysaccharide molecules. We directly correlate and compare these results with electron micrographs of similarly prepared molecules. In addition, the effect of different sample deposition techniques and substrates on the resultant images of xanthan gum is demonstrated. We discuss the implications for sample preparation procedures for future STM studies on biological molecules.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Cohen", 
        "givenName": "Samuel H.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Bray", 
        "givenName": "Mona T.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Lightbody", 
        "givenName": "Marcia L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4757-9324-6", 
        "978-1-4757-9322-2"
      ], 
      "name": "Atomic Force Microscopy/Scanning Tunneling Microscopy", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies on Xanthan Gum", 
    "pagination": "91-99", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "1d429885361b5f04885cf343bd94e7e7efd607847d4bcf7d69ea72c99f543b97"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1006142449"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Boston, MA", 
      "name": "Springer US", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006142449"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T19:07", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000246.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

138 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      36 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0299
3 schema:author N1ba3b2e7bc934367af4ae4961cb9c5e6
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/346294a0
5 https://doi.org/10.1002/jemt.1060130407
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(87)80300-2
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(92)90208-n
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3991(93)90182-w
9 https://doi.org/10.1021/la00039a030
10 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1988.tb01381.x
11 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1991.tb03159.x
12 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1992517
13 schema:datePublished 1994
14 schema:datePublishedReg 1994-01-01
15 schema:description The application of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) to imaging biological molecules has generated much interest over recent years. Research has mainly concentrated on obtaining images of DNA, proteins and small organic molecules. However, the work we present concerns polysaccharides, specifically xanthan gum, commonly used in the food and oil industries. We have employed high-resolution metallic shadowing to overcome some of the problems associated with imaging biological molecules by STM, such as tip-sample interaction effects and lack of conduction. The images displayed demonstrate the ability of the STM to image replicas of discrete polysaccharide molecules. We directly correlate and compare these results with electron micrographs of similarly prepared molecules. In addition, the effect of different sample deposition techniques and substrates on the resultant images of xanthan gum is demonstrated. We discuss the implications for sample preparation procedures for future STM studies on biological molecules.
16 schema:editor Nc1d1c24ab35144bbb5d8822dbfe8e9d2
17 schema:genre chapter
18 schema:inLanguage en
19 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
20 schema:isPartOf N22829ae75ba9495a8aa6d08c7c626faf
21 schema:name Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies on Xanthan Gum
22 schema:pagination 91-99
23 schema:productId N3809653eee104c85b154bf4484debc40
24 Nbf63012475084a80ac1a584eb2b1bc98
25 Ne2c44b94cfb94d798a4929a7847bde1b
26 schema:publisher N87b4613324b449df9bf84b93342962fd
27 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006142449
28 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9
29 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T19:07
30 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
31 schema:sdPublisher N1a4d90112fe1487dbd9a41d815eee4c6
32 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9
33 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
34 sgo:sdDataset chapters
35 rdf:type schema:Chapter
36 N170ed557880946c98f2cab84ed46c4c9 rdf:first sg:person.01035336303.18
37 rdf:rest N404bc941541a4a8181049c08cfa9c0de
38 N1a4d90112fe1487dbd9a41d815eee4c6 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
39 rdf:type schema:Organization
40 N1ba3b2e7bc934367af4ae4961cb9c5e6 rdf:first sg:person.07377446665.61
41 rdf:rest N84474122b1fb4cd291aaf33b349547bd
42 N1c955ba49d47489a8436b31b4fc079ad schema:familyName Lightbody
43 schema:givenName Marcia L.
44 rdf:type schema:Person
45 N1e4d92c0d1ab40968001cc134932ca40 schema:familyName Bray
46 schema:givenName Mona T.
47 rdf:type schema:Person
48 N22829ae75ba9495a8aa6d08c7c626faf schema:isbn 978-1-4757-9322-2
49 978-1-4757-9324-6
50 schema:name Atomic Force Microscopy/Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
51 rdf:type schema:Book
52 N3809653eee104c85b154bf4484debc40 schema:name dimensions_id
53 schema:value pub.1006142449
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 N404bc941541a4a8181049c08cfa9c0de rdf:first sg:person.016270620744.91
56 rdf:rest N6829b3d8ba8248ae8f805b4f3c2f36c2
57 N46a0ff12390445bdbb9b20127be0b355 rdf:first sg:person.01276066164.87
58 rdf:rest N170ed557880946c98f2cab84ed46c4c9
59 N6829b3d8ba8248ae8f805b4f3c2f36c2 rdf:first sg:person.011713065452.29
60 rdf:rest rdf:nil
61 N84474122b1fb4cd291aaf33b349547bd rdf:first sg:person.01367077636.60
62 rdf:rest N46a0ff12390445bdbb9b20127be0b355
63 N87b4613324b449df9bf84b93342962fd schema:location Boston, MA
64 schema:name Springer US
65 rdf:type schema:Organisation
66 Nb4f97336f9774ebbb0137cc3dec99265 rdf:first N1e4d92c0d1ab40968001cc134932ca40
67 rdf:rest Nbe23459d2c474cd0a157aa880af7be00
68 Nb6406f3001eb49f69e52cf0b0d513950 schema:familyName Cohen
69 schema:givenName Samuel H.
70 rdf:type schema:Person
71 Nbe23459d2c474cd0a157aa880af7be00 rdf:first N1c955ba49d47489a8436b31b4fc079ad
72 rdf:rest rdf:nil
73 Nbf63012475084a80ac1a584eb2b1bc98 schema:name doi
74 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4757-9322-2_9
75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
76 Nc1d1c24ab35144bbb5d8822dbfe8e9d2 rdf:first Nb6406f3001eb49f69e52cf0b0d513950
77 rdf:rest Nb4f97336f9774ebbb0137cc3dec99265
78 Ne2c44b94cfb94d798a4929a7847bde1b schema:name readcube_id
79 schema:value 1d429885361b5f04885cf343bd94e7e7efd607847d4bcf7d69ea72c99f543b97
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
82 schema:name Physical Sciences
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 anzsrc-for:0299 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
85 schema:name Other Physical Sciences
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 sg:person.01035336303.18 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4
88 schema:familyName Roberts
89 schema:givenName C. J.
90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035336303.18
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 sg:person.011713065452.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4
93 schema:familyName Williams
94 schema:givenName P. M.
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011713065452.29
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 sg:person.01276066164.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4
98 schema:familyName Jackson
99 schema:givenName D. E.
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01276066164.87
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 sg:person.01367077636.60 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4
103 schema:familyName Davies
104 schema:givenName M. C.
105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01367077636.60
106 rdf:type schema:Person
107 sg:person.016270620744.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4
108 schema:familyName Tendler
109 schema:givenName S. J. B.
110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016270620744.91
111 rdf:type schema:Person
112 sg:person.07377446665.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4
113 schema:familyName Wilkins
114 schema:givenName M. J.
115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07377446665.61
116 rdf:type schema:Person
117 sg:pub.10.1038/346294a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050911319
118 https://doi.org/10.1038/346294a0
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1002/jemt.1060130407 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022906887
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(87)80300-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037925525
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.1016/0039-6028(92)90208-n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032876070
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3991(93)90182-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022698969
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1021/la00039a030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056138906
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1988.tb01381.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042063469
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1991.tb03159.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014111394
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1992517 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062516660
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4563.4 schema:alternateName University of Nottingham
137 schema:name The VG SPM Laboratory for Biological Applications Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
138 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...