The Influence of the Rhizosphere on Crop Productivity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1986

AUTHORS

J. M. Whipps , J. M. Lynch

ABSTRACT

The rhizosphere region is a variable zone containing a proliferation of microorganisms inside and outside the plant root. Many compounds are both taken up and passed out. Under normal growth conditions the rhizosphere exists because of the continuous loss of many forms of plant metabolites, which are rapidly utilized by microorganisms. Consequently, these rhizosphere microorganisms are in a position to affect both subsequent loss of material from the roots and nutrient uptake by the roots. In natural ecosystems an equilibrium develops between the plant and microorganisms that is affected only by the normal growth of plant and seasonal changes in the environment. However, in agriculture, man continually changes the normal equilibrium by manifold means. (e.g., plant monoculture, herbicide, fungicide and pesticide treatments, fertilizer application, and cultivation), all of which modify subsequent plant growth and the associated rhizosphere biota. Because of the importance of agriculture, the majority of work on the rhizosphere and its effects on plant growth has involved research on crop plants and, although this has provided great insight into rhizosphere—plant interactions in these relatively few species, some care should be taken in extrapolating such results to all natural ecosystems. With this proviso, we attempt to show, first, the effect the plant has on development and maintenance of the rhizosphere and, second, the influence the rhizosphere has on plant physiology and consequently crop productivity, highlighting areas of research likely to be rewarding both scientifically and commercially in the future. We do not attempt a complete review of the literature, since there have been reviews on many aspects of rhizosphere biology in recent years (Barber, 1978; Hale, et al. 1978; Newman, 1978; Balandreau and Knowles, 1978; Hale and Moore, 1979; Bowen, 1979, 1980, 1982; Woldendorp, 1981; Foster and Bowen, 1982; Lynch, 1982, 1983; Subba Rao, 1982a; Suslow, 1982), but rather choose specific examples to illustrate our major points. More... »

PAGES

187-244

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011326119


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/07", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0703", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Crop and Pasture Production", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Council, Letcome Laboratory, OX12 9JT, Wantage, Oxon, England", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Agricultural Research Council, Letcome Laboratory, OX12 9JT, Wantage, Oxon, England"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Whipps", 
        "givenName": "J. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0701150702.97", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701150702.97"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Plant Pathology and Microbiology Department, Glasshouse Crops Research Institute, BN17 6LP, Littlehampton, West Sussex, England", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7372.1", 
          "name": [
            "Plant Pathology and Microbiology Department, Glasshouse Crops Research Institute, BN17 6LP, Littlehampton, West Sussex, England"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lynch", 
        "givenName": "J. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0701767120.90", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701767120.90"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1986", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1986-01-01", 
    "description": "The rhizosphere region is a variable zone containing a proliferation of microorganisms inside and outside the plant root. Many compounds are both taken up and passed out. Under normal growth conditions the rhizosphere exists because of the continuous loss of many forms of plant metabolites, which are rapidly utilized by microorganisms. Consequently, these rhizosphere microorganisms are in a position to affect both subsequent loss of material from the roots and nutrient uptake by the roots. In natural ecosystems an equilibrium develops between the plant and microorganisms that is affected only by the normal growth of plant and seasonal changes in the environment. However, in agriculture, man continually changes the normal equilibrium by manifold means. (e.g., plant monoculture, herbicide, fungicide and pesticide treatments, fertilizer application, and cultivation), all of which modify subsequent plant growth and the associated rhizosphere biota. Because of the importance of agriculture, the majority of work on the rhizosphere and its effects on plant growth has involved research on crop plants and, although this has provided great insight into rhizosphere\u2014plant interactions in these relatively few species, some care should be taken in extrapolating such results to all natural ecosystems. With this proviso, we attempt to show, first, the effect the plant has on development and maintenance of the rhizosphere and, second, the influence the rhizosphere has on plant physiology and consequently crop productivity, highlighting areas of research likely to be rewarding both scientifically and commercially in the future. We do not attempt a complete review of the literature, since there have been reviews on many aspects of rhizosphere biology in recent years (Barber, 1978; Hale, et al. 1978; Newman, 1978; Balandreau and Knowles, 1978; Hale and Moore, 1979; Bowen, 1979, 1980, 1982; Woldendorp, 1981; Foster and Bowen, 1982; Lynch, 1982, 1983; Subba Rao, 1982a; Suslow, 1982), but rather choose specific examples to illustrate our major points.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Marshall", 
        "givenName": "K. C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4757-0613-0", 
        "978-1-4757-0611-6"
      ], 
      "name": "Advances in Microbial Ecology", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "crop productivity", 
      "plant growth", 
      "natural ecosystems", 
      "subsequent plant growth", 
      "importance of agriculture", 
      "crop plants", 
      "normal growth conditions", 
      "rhizosphere biology", 
      "nutrient uptake", 
      "rhizosphere microorganisms", 
      "rhizosphere region", 
      "rhizosphere biota", 
      "plant roots", 
      "plant physiology", 
      "rhizosphere", 
      "plant metabolites", 
      "plants", 
      "proliferation of microorganisms", 
      "agriculture", 
      "seasonal changes", 
      "roots", 
      "productivity", 
      "normal growth", 
      "ecosystems", 
      "microorganisms", 
      "growth conditions", 
      "variable zone", 
      "growth", 
      "major points", 
      "subsequent loss", 
      "highlighting areas", 
      "biology", 
      "greater insight", 
      "biota", 
      "species", 
      "continuous loss", 
      "loss", 
      "uptake", 
      "physiology", 
      "proliferation", 
      "metabolites", 
      "maintenance", 
      "recent years", 
      "area", 
      "majority of work", 
      "zone", 
      "effect", 
      "insights", 
      "normal equilibrium", 
      "environment", 
      "Such results", 
      "region", 
      "interaction", 
      "research", 
      "years", 
      "importance", 
      "conditions", 
      "future", 
      "influence", 
      "review", 
      "development", 
      "specific examples", 
      "compounds", 
      "changes", 
      "majority", 
      "form", 
      "aspects", 
      "results", 
      "equilibrium", 
      "position", 
      "complete review", 
      "proviso", 
      "example", 
      "work", 
      "materials", 
      "point", 
      "literature", 
      "men", 
      "care", 
      "manifold"
    ], 
    "name": "The Influence of the Rhizosphere on Crop Productivity", 
    "pagination": "187-244", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1011326119"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011326119"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-11-24T21:19", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221124/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_459.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

157 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      107 URIs      98 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0607
3 anzsrc-for:07
4 anzsrc-for:0703
5 schema:author Nb686e7a59fcf4d30b2e441da1d7b8bf0
6 schema:datePublished 1986
7 schema:datePublishedReg 1986-01-01
8 schema:description The rhizosphere region is a variable zone containing a proliferation of microorganisms inside and outside the plant root. Many compounds are both taken up and passed out. Under normal growth conditions the rhizosphere exists because of the continuous loss of many forms of plant metabolites, which are rapidly utilized by microorganisms. Consequently, these rhizosphere microorganisms are in a position to affect both subsequent loss of material from the roots and nutrient uptake by the roots. In natural ecosystems an equilibrium develops between the plant and microorganisms that is affected only by the normal growth of plant and seasonal changes in the environment. However, in agriculture, man continually changes the normal equilibrium by manifold means. (e.g., plant monoculture, herbicide, fungicide and pesticide treatments, fertilizer application, and cultivation), all of which modify subsequent plant growth and the associated rhizosphere biota. Because of the importance of agriculture, the majority of work on the rhizosphere and its effects on plant growth has involved research on crop plants and, although this has provided great insight into rhizosphere—plant interactions in these relatively few species, some care should be taken in extrapolating such results to all natural ecosystems. With this proviso, we attempt to show, first, the effect the plant has on development and maintenance of the rhizosphere and, second, the influence the rhizosphere has on plant physiology and consequently crop productivity, highlighting areas of research likely to be rewarding both scientifically and commercially in the future. We do not attempt a complete review of the literature, since there have been reviews on many aspects of rhizosphere biology in recent years (Barber, 1978; Hale, et al. 1978; Newman, 1978; Balandreau and Knowles, 1978; Hale and Moore, 1979; Bowen, 1979, 1980, 1982; Woldendorp, 1981; Foster and Bowen, 1982; Lynch, 1982, 1983; Subba Rao, 1982a; Suslow, 1982), but rather choose specific examples to illustrate our major points.
9 schema:editor Nc061746812134f1780c0608a97e06017
10 schema:genre chapter
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf N62c8cda680314f6dad2ed11b3333641b
13 schema:keywords Such results
14 agriculture
15 area
16 aspects
17 biology
18 biota
19 care
20 changes
21 complete review
22 compounds
23 conditions
24 continuous loss
25 crop plants
26 crop productivity
27 development
28 ecosystems
29 effect
30 environment
31 equilibrium
32 example
33 form
34 future
35 greater insight
36 growth
37 growth conditions
38 highlighting areas
39 importance
40 importance of agriculture
41 influence
42 insights
43 interaction
44 literature
45 loss
46 maintenance
47 major points
48 majority
49 majority of work
50 manifold
51 materials
52 men
53 metabolites
54 microorganisms
55 natural ecosystems
56 normal equilibrium
57 normal growth
58 normal growth conditions
59 nutrient uptake
60 physiology
61 plant growth
62 plant metabolites
63 plant physiology
64 plant roots
65 plants
66 point
67 position
68 productivity
69 proliferation
70 proliferation of microorganisms
71 proviso
72 recent years
73 region
74 research
75 results
76 review
77 rhizosphere
78 rhizosphere biology
79 rhizosphere biota
80 rhizosphere microorganisms
81 rhizosphere region
82 roots
83 seasonal changes
84 species
85 specific examples
86 subsequent loss
87 subsequent plant growth
88 uptake
89 variable zone
90 work
91 years
92 zone
93 schema:name The Influence of the Rhizosphere on Crop Productivity
94 schema:pagination 187-244
95 schema:productId N16145852b1164493972e96fa96902022
96 Na66c10713a344ba2956d584852bea5d9
97 schema:publisher Nac954d2e60dd4418aa14a5989162f846
98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011326119
99 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5
100 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-11-24T21:19
101 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
102 schema:sdPublisher N14eb3f113dab483db38e97350665beac
103 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5
104 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
105 sgo:sdDataset chapters
106 rdf:type schema:Chapter
107 N14eb3f113dab483db38e97350665beac schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
108 rdf:type schema:Organization
109 N16145852b1164493972e96fa96902022 schema:name dimensions_id
110 schema:value pub.1011326119
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N189597d455ef4dfda389ff23e9f9e9ea schema:familyName Marshall
113 schema:givenName K. C.
114 rdf:type schema:Person
115 N62c8cda680314f6dad2ed11b3333641b schema:isbn 978-1-4757-0611-6
116 978-1-4757-0613-0
117 schema:name Advances in Microbial Ecology
118 rdf:type schema:Book
119 N6304b0fce20649cd983172313477b77c rdf:first sg:person.0701767120.90
120 rdf:rest rdf:nil
121 Na66c10713a344ba2956d584852bea5d9 schema:name doi
122 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4757-0611-6_5
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 Nac954d2e60dd4418aa14a5989162f846 schema:name Springer Nature
125 rdf:type schema:Organisation
126 Nb686e7a59fcf4d30b2e441da1d7b8bf0 rdf:first sg:person.0701150702.97
127 rdf:rest N6304b0fce20649cd983172313477b77c
128 Nc061746812134f1780c0608a97e06017 rdf:first N189597d455ef4dfda389ff23e9f9e9ea
129 rdf:rest rdf:nil
130 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
131 schema:name Biological Sciences
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
134 schema:name Plant Biology
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 anzsrc-for:07 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
137 schema:name Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 anzsrc-for:0703 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
140 schema:name Crop and Pasture Production
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 sg:person.0701150702.97 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
143 schema:familyName Whipps
144 schema:givenName J. M.
145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701150702.97
146 rdf:type schema:Person
147 sg:person.0701767120.90 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7372.1
148 schema:familyName Lynch
149 schema:givenName J. M.
150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701767120.90
151 rdf:type schema:Person
152 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Agricultural Research Council, Letcome Laboratory, OX12 9JT, Wantage, Oxon, England
153 schema:name Agricultural Research Council, Letcome Laboratory, OX12 9JT, Wantage, Oxon, England
154 rdf:type schema:Organization
155 grid-institutes:grid.7372.1 schema:alternateName Plant Pathology and Microbiology Department, Glasshouse Crops Research Institute, BN17 6LP, Littlehampton, West Sussex, England
156 schema:name Plant Pathology and Microbiology Department, Glasshouse Crops Research Institute, BN17 6LP, Littlehampton, West Sussex, England
157 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...