The Importance of Serum Binding and the Blood Brain Barrier in the Development of Acute Bilirubin Neurotoxicity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1984

AUTHORS

Richard P. Wennberg , A. J. Hance , Jorgen Jacobsen

ABSTRACT

Several recent studies have created considerable confusion about the cause and prevention of kernicterus.1,2,3 In 1982, Levine et al1 demonstrated in rats that “kernicterus” could be produced by osmotic opening of the blood brain barrier. Using a technique described by Rapoport et al,4 a hypertonic solution of arabinose was infused into one carotid artery, producing a temporary osmotically induced disruption of the blood brain barrier in the ipsilateral hemisphere. Subsequent intravenous infusion of bilirubin resulted in yellow staining of the affected region. Levine proposed that movement of albumin bound bilirubin across a disrupted barrier was the principal cause of kernicterus, and presented this as “an alternative hypothesis” to the “free bilirubin theory.” However, he provided no evidence that the yellow staining produced brain damage, either by histological examination or behavioral consequences. These observations, together with other studies which failed to confirm any predictive indices for kernicterus in premature infants,2,3 prompted Lucey5 to editorialize that current concepts of the pathogenesis of kernicterus should be abandoned in search for a “more attractive hypothesis.” More... »

PAGES

35-43

Book

TITLE

Neonatal Jaundice

ISBN

978-1-4684-7519-7
978-1-4684-7517-3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-7517-3_4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-7517-3_4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025142901


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