Research Questions in Ecology Relating to Community Ecology, Plant-Herbivore Interactions, and Insect Ecology in General View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1984

AUTHORS

Peter W. Price

ABSTRACT

Major advances in community ecology could be made in the remainder of this decade by developing a strongly comparative approach. Some suggestions for emphasis include the following five questions: (1) What are the relative importances of the following types of interactions between organisms in natural systems: competition, predation, parasitism, mutualism, amensalism, commensalism, and neutralism? Does relative importance differ in different kinds of organisms like bacteria, protozoa, annual and perennial plants, invertebrates, vertebrates, generalists, and specialists? (2) What are the organizing factors in communities? How do they differ between communities of different kinds of organisms? (3) How do members of the same food web interact directly and indirectly, particularly between trophic levels? (4) What roles do microorganisms play in natural systems, and what are their relative importances? (5) To what extent does the understanding of natural phenotypic and genotypic variation within and between populations contribute to our understanding of ecological systems?The further development of ecology requires a more general application of a rigorous scientific method involving the clear definition of questions or hypotheses, testing among alternatives simultaneously, more extensive use of experiments, and the reporting of negative as well as positive results. Funding to encourage more teamwork involving several disciplines relevant to a particular question would be desirable. More... »

PAGES

75-88

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013719221


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0502", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Science and Management", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0605", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Box 5640, 86011, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261120.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Box 5640, 86011, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Price", 
        "givenName": "Peter W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014525762447.35", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014525762447.35"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1984", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1984-01-01", 
    "description": "Major advances in community ecology could be made in the remainder of this decade by developing a strongly comparative approach. Some suggestions for emphasis include the following five questions: (1) What are the relative importances of the following types of interactions between organisms in natural systems: competition, predation, parasitism, mutualism, amensalism, commensalism, and neutralism? Does relative importance differ in different kinds of organisms like bacteria, protozoa, annual and perennial plants, invertebrates, vertebrates, generalists, and specialists? (2) What are the organizing factors in communities? How do they differ between communities of different kinds of organisms? (3) How do members of the same food web interact directly and indirectly, particularly between trophic levels? (4) What roles do microorganisms play in natural systems, and what are their relative importances? (5) To what extent does the understanding of natural phenotypic and genotypic variation within and between populations contribute to our understanding of ecological systems?The further development of ecology requires a more general application of a rigorous scientific method involving the clear definition of questions or hypotheses, testing among alternatives simultaneously, more extensive use of experiments, and the reporting of negative as well as positive results. Funding to encourage more teamwork involving several disciplines relevant to a particular question would be desirable.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Cooley", 
        "givenName": "June H.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Golley", 
        "givenName": "Frank B.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4684-4900-6", 
        "978-1-4684-4898-6"
      ], 
      "name": "Trends in Ecological Research for the 1980s", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "community ecology", 
      "plant-herbivore interactions", 
      "same food web", 
      "natural phenotypic", 
      "insect ecology", 
      "food webs", 
      "perennial plants", 
      "trophic levels", 
      "genotypic variation", 
      "natural systems", 
      "ecology", 
      "organisms", 
      "relative importance", 
      "ecological systems", 
      "comparative approach", 
      "mutualism", 
      "invertebrates", 
      "vertebrates", 
      "predation", 
      "parasitism", 
      "commensalism", 
      "amensalism", 
      "generalists", 
      "plants", 
      "phenotypic", 
      "protozoa", 
      "bacteria", 
      "microorganisms", 
      "major advances", 
      "rigorous scientific methods", 
      "type of interaction", 
      "community", 
      "interaction", 
      "understanding", 
      "members", 
      "importance", 
      "more teamwork", 
      "role", 
      "population", 
      "competition", 
      "neutralism", 
      "variation", 
      "hypothesis", 
      "general application", 
      "advances", 
      "development", 
      "extensive use", 
      "levels", 
      "further development", 
      "Web", 
      "factors", 
      "particular questions", 
      "questions", 
      "types", 
      "system", 
      "remainder", 
      "extent", 
      "scientific method", 
      "clear definition", 
      "experiments", 
      "decades", 
      "different kinds", 
      "specialists", 
      "research questions", 
      "results", 
      "positive results", 
      "emphasis", 
      "approach", 
      "use", 
      "disciplines", 
      "kind", 
      "applications", 
      "alternative", 
      "suggestions", 
      "method", 
      "definition", 
      "reporting", 
      "General", 
      "teamwork"
    ], 
    "name": "Research Questions in Ecology Relating to Community Ecology, Plant-Herbivore Interactions, and Insect Ecology in General", 
    "pagination": "75-88", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1013719221"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013719221"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T19:02", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_63.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

156 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      108 URIs      98 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6 schema:about anzsrc-for:05
2 anzsrc-for:0502
3 anzsrc-for:06
4 anzsrc-for:0602
5 anzsrc-for:0605
6 schema:author N21814fbef2fb4e6680af3d386d2a6624
7 schema:datePublished 1984
8 schema:datePublishedReg 1984-01-01
9 schema:description Major advances in community ecology could be made in the remainder of this decade by developing a strongly comparative approach. Some suggestions for emphasis include the following five questions: (1) What are the relative importances of the following types of interactions between organisms in natural systems: competition, predation, parasitism, mutualism, amensalism, commensalism, and neutralism? Does relative importance differ in different kinds of organisms like bacteria, protozoa, annual and perennial plants, invertebrates, vertebrates, generalists, and specialists? (2) What are the organizing factors in communities? How do they differ between communities of different kinds of organisms? (3) How do members of the same food web interact directly and indirectly, particularly between trophic levels? (4) What roles do microorganisms play in natural systems, and what are their relative importances? (5) To what extent does the understanding of natural phenotypic and genotypic variation within and between populations contribute to our understanding of ecological systems?The further development of ecology requires a more general application of a rigorous scientific method involving the clear definition of questions or hypotheses, testing among alternatives simultaneously, more extensive use of experiments, and the reporting of negative as well as positive results. Funding to encourage more teamwork involving several disciplines relevant to a particular question would be desirable.
10 schema:editor Ne50dc4b991fe4571b26827be2170802a
11 schema:genre chapter
12 schema:inLanguage en
13 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
14 schema:isPartOf N91cdc373401f46fe9c1cba0e245a8f3b
15 schema:keywords General
16 Web
17 advances
18 alternative
19 amensalism
20 applications
21 approach
22 bacteria
23 clear definition
24 commensalism
25 community
26 community ecology
27 comparative approach
28 competition
29 decades
30 definition
31 development
32 different kinds
33 disciplines
34 ecological systems
35 ecology
36 emphasis
37 experiments
38 extensive use
39 extent
40 factors
41 food webs
42 further development
43 general application
44 generalists
45 genotypic variation
46 hypothesis
47 importance
48 insect ecology
49 interaction
50 invertebrates
51 kind
52 levels
53 major advances
54 members
55 method
56 microorganisms
57 more teamwork
58 mutualism
59 natural phenotypic
60 natural systems
61 neutralism
62 organisms
63 parasitism
64 particular questions
65 perennial plants
66 phenotypic
67 plant-herbivore interactions
68 plants
69 population
70 positive results
71 predation
72 protozoa
73 questions
74 relative importance
75 remainder
76 reporting
77 research questions
78 results
79 rigorous scientific methods
80 role
81 same food web
82 scientific method
83 specialists
84 suggestions
85 system
86 teamwork
87 trophic levels
88 type of interaction
89 types
90 understanding
91 use
92 variation
93 vertebrates
94 schema:name Research Questions in Ecology Relating to Community Ecology, Plant-Herbivore Interactions, and Insect Ecology in General
95 schema:pagination 75-88
96 schema:productId N1ddca273c73c4c27ac758ba9b046eb6e
97 N4bef445267ff43deb22c58c94ffbd4e5
98 schema:publisher N010913404eca4f23828b1a8d4d6bf099
99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013719221
100 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6
101 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T19:02
102 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
103 schema:sdPublisher Nf3afbfdaa4ad401e8667f5139cd91f2a
104 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6
105 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
106 sgo:sdDataset chapters
107 rdf:type schema:Chapter
108 N0049c2b4e6ad464a8bb1b27143bf206f schema:familyName Cooley
109 schema:givenName June H.
110 rdf:type schema:Person
111 N010913404eca4f23828b1a8d4d6bf099 schema:name Springer Nature
112 rdf:type schema:Organisation
113 N1ddca273c73c4c27ac758ba9b046eb6e schema:name doi
114 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4684-4898-6_6
115 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
116 N21814fbef2fb4e6680af3d386d2a6624 rdf:first sg:person.014525762447.35
117 rdf:rest rdf:nil
118 N471b703641d74c4189c7aad69fad0ff1 schema:familyName Golley
119 schema:givenName Frank B.
120 rdf:type schema:Person
121 N4bef445267ff43deb22c58c94ffbd4e5 schema:name dimensions_id
122 schema:value pub.1013719221
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 N7602c94ca4da450b86d9ebffa921b39d rdf:first N471b703641d74c4189c7aad69fad0ff1
125 rdf:rest rdf:nil
126 N91cdc373401f46fe9c1cba0e245a8f3b schema:isbn 978-1-4684-4898-6
127 978-1-4684-4900-6
128 schema:name Trends in Ecological Research for the 1980s
129 rdf:type schema:Book
130 Ne50dc4b991fe4571b26827be2170802a rdf:first N0049c2b4e6ad464a8bb1b27143bf206f
131 rdf:rest N7602c94ca4da450b86d9ebffa921b39d
132 Nf3afbfdaa4ad401e8667f5139cd91f2a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
133 rdf:type schema:Organization
134 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
135 schema:name Environmental Sciences
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 anzsrc-for:0502 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
138 schema:name Environmental Science and Management
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
141 schema:name Biological Sciences
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
144 schema:name Ecology
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 anzsrc-for:0605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
147 schema:name Microbiology
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 sg:person.014525762447.35 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.261120.6
150 schema:familyName Price
151 schema:givenName Peter W.
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014525762447.35
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 grid-institutes:grid.261120.6 schema:alternateName Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Box 5640, 86011, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
155 schema:name Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Box 5640, 86011, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
156 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...