The Use of Ti-Plasmids for the Genetic Engineering of Plants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1983

AUTHORS

Joachim Schröder , Henri De Greve , Jean-Pierre Hernalsteens , Jan Leemans , Marc Van Montagu , Léon Otten , Gudrun Schröder , Lothar Willmitzer , Jozef Schell

ABSTRACT

Crown gall is a neoplastic disease of many dicotyledonous plants and is caused by the soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens. A large extrachromosomal plasmid in these bacteria was found to be responsible for its tumor-inducing capacity and was, therefore, called Ti-plasmid [36]. Bacteria-free crown gall cells can be cultured in the absence of phytohormones like auxines and cytokinines, and this hormone-independent growth defines tumorous growth in plants [1]. Sterile tumor tissues have been shown to contain a DNA segment (called T-DNA) which is homologous and colinear with a defined fragment of the Ti-plasmid, and it is covalently linked to plant DNA [4,23,29,33,34,44,46]. The T-DNA has been localized in the nucleus [5,37] and is directly responsible for the hormone-independent growth of the cells. It is also responsible for the synthesis of a number of low molecular weight compounds, called opines, which are not found in normal plant tissues. The opine produced defines crown galls as octopine, nopaline, or agropine type tumors [15](Fig. 1). Opines can be utilized by Agrobacterium tumefaciens selectively as sources for carbon, nitrogen, and energy; thus, the interaction between these bacteria and plants can be seen as a special parasitic relationship which benefits the bacteria [29]. More... »

PAGES

173-193

Book

TITLE

Basic Biology of New Developments in Biotechnology

ISBN

978-1-4684-4462-9
978-1-4684-4460-5

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4460-5_12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4460-5_12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003585102


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curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4460-5_12'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4460-5_12'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-4460-5_12'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

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