An Historical Perspective on ‘Linguistic Relativity’ View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1980

AUTHORS

James H. Stam

ABSTRACT

What is now commonly called the “principle of linguistic relativity” asserts a correlation between language and thinking either with regard to the specifics, the structure, the categories, or some other generalities of each. In its stronger form, it postulates that in some way the language of any given culture is the causal determinant of the patterns of thinking in that culture. In still another variation, “linguistic relativity calls attention to differences in cultural pattern, and to their importance for linguistic experience and.behavior” (Hymes, 1966, p. 114), or language and culture are viewed as reciprocally or co-determined. The principle is now best known from the works of Edward Sapir [1884–1939], professor of anthropology and linguistics in the Universities of Pennsylvania, Chicago, and Yale, and Benjamin Lee Whorf [1897–1941], a fire-prevention engineer in Hartford, Connecticut, by profession and a linguist by passionate avocation. The pertinent works were composed mainly during the 1920s and 1930s, and the hypothesis reached a broader audience through publication of collected essays by both men during the 1950s. It was then that the position received more extensive discussion, criticism, and evaluation by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists, and philosophers. Similar hypotheses have been recurrent in the history of the philosophy of language since the eighteenth century More... »

PAGES

239-262

Book

TITLE

Psychology of Language and Thought

ISBN

978-1-4684-3646-4
978-1-4684-3644-0

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-3644-0_11

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-3644-0_11

DIMENSIONS

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