In Situ Detection of Cytokines in Allergic Inflammation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1996

AUTHORS

Q. A. Hamid , E. Minshall

ABSTRACT

It is now clear that T-cell derived cytokines are important chemical mediators of inflammatory response in allergic diseases. According to their particular mRNA expression and cytokine secretion CD4 positive T lymphocytes were divided into T helper-1 (Thl) and T helper-2 (Th2) type cells (1). Thl type cell clones produce IL-2, IFNγ and lymphotoxin whereas Th2 type cell clones produce IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-13. Both T cell subtypes produce IL-3, GM-CSF and TNFα. Thl and Th2 patterns of cytokine expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition via the release of IFNγ and IL-4 respectively. Due to their release of IL-4, Th2 cell clones are involved in immunoglobin production, specifically of the IgE subclass (2). Th2 cytokines are also instrumental in regulating eosinophil differentiation and survival in vitro via the actions of secreted IL-5, IL-3 and GM-CSF (3). Such effects in vivo may explain the increased tissue survival at the site of allergic inflammation and could also contribute to the inhibition of programmed cell death. It is now clear that T-cells are not the only source of cytokines; eosinophils, mast cells, basophils, macrophages and epithelial cells may also produce cytokines that could be involved in allergic inflammation. Whilst there is growing evidence to suggest that cytokines are playing an important role in initiating and maintaining inflammatory reactions associated with allergic disease in man, to confirm such a role it will be essential to identify the expression of cytokine genes and gene products and to localize cytokine receptors in vivo at the level of the tissue. During the last few years we have been using various methods to identify the in situ expression of cytokines in tissues obtained from asthmatics, allergic rhinitis and individuals with atopic dermatitis. The most widely used techniques to identify the expression of cytokines within tissues are in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. In this chapter, the techniques of in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry will be described in the relation to the localization of cytokine genes and gene products. Examples of the application of these techniques to localize cytokines in tissue obtained from the sites of allergic inflammatory reactions will also be discussed. More... »

PAGES

327-335

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005841148

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9095261


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1107", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Immunology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cytokines", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hypersensitivity", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Immunochemistry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "In Situ Hybridization", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Inflammation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "RNA, Messenger", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, 3626 Street Urbain Street, H2X 2P2, Montreal, Quebec, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, 3626 Street Urbain Street, H2X 2P2, Montreal, Quebec, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hamid", 
        "givenName": "Q. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016215742657.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016215742657.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, 3626 Street Urbain Street, H2X 2P2, Montreal, Quebec, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, 3626 Street Urbain Street, H2X 2P2, Montreal, Quebec, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Minshall", 
        "givenName": "E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01350225333.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01350225333.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1996", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1996-01-01", 
    "description": "It is now clear that T-cell derived cytokines are important chemical mediators of inflammatory response in allergic diseases. According to their particular mRNA expression and cytokine secretion CD4 positive T lymphocytes were divided into T helper-1 (Thl) and T helper-2 (Th2) type cells (1). Thl type cell clones produce IL-2, IFN\u03b3 and lymphotoxin whereas Th2 type cell clones produce IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-13. Both T cell subtypes produce IL-3, GM-CSF and TNF\u03b1. Thl and Th2 patterns of cytokine expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition via the release of IFN\u03b3 and IL-4 respectively. Due to their release of IL-4, Th2 cell clones are involved in immunoglobin production, specifically of the IgE subclass (2). Th2 cytokines are also instrumental in regulating eosinophil differentiation and survival in vitro via the actions of secreted IL-5, IL-3 and GM-CSF (3). Such effects in vivo may explain the increased tissue survival at the site of allergic inflammation and could also contribute to the inhibition of programmed cell death. It is now clear that T-cells are not the only source of cytokines; eosinophils, mast cells, basophils, macrophages and epithelial cells may also produce cytokines that could be involved in allergic inflammation. Whilst there is growing evidence to suggest that cytokines are playing an important role in initiating and maintaining inflammatory reactions associated with allergic disease in man, to confirm such a role it will be essential to identify the expression of cytokine genes and gene products and to localize cytokine receptors in vivo at the level of the tissue. During the last few years we have been using various methods to identify the in situ expression of cytokines in tissues obtained from asthmatics, allergic rhinitis and individuals with atopic dermatitis. The most widely used techniques to identify the expression of cytokines within tissues are in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. In this chapter, the techniques of in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry will be described in the relation to the localization of cytokine genes and gene products. Examples of the application of these techniques to localize cytokines in tissue obtained from the sites of allergic inflammatory reactions will also be discussed.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Sehon", 
        "givenName": "Alec", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "HayGlass", 
        "givenName": "Kent T.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Kraft", 
        "givenName": "Dietrich", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4613-7684-2", 
        "978-1-4615-5855-2"
      ], 
      "name": "New Horizons in Allergy Immunotherapy", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "keywords": [
      "allergic inflammation", 
      "GM-CSF", 
      "cell clones", 
      "allergic diseases", 
      "inflammatory reaction", 
      "cytokine genes", 
      "release of IFN\u03b3", 
      "release of IL-4", 
      "allergic inflammatory reactions", 
      "expression of cytokines", 
      "Th2 cell clones", 
      "important chemical mediator", 
      "Th2 pattern", 
      "allergic rhinitis", 
      "atopic dermatitis", 
      "Th2 cytokines", 
      "inflammatory response", 
      "IgE subclasses", 
      "situ hybridization", 
      "chemical mediators", 
      "mast cells", 
      "reciprocal inhibition", 
      "cytokines", 
      "cell subtypes", 
      "tissue survival", 
      "inflammation", 
      "mRNA expression", 
      "IL-4", 
      "situ expression", 
      "epithelial cells", 
      "IL-5", 
      "IFN\u03b3", 
      "cytokine receptors", 
      "eosinophil differentiation", 
      "disease", 
      "tissue", 
      "cell death", 
      "immunocytochemistry", 
      "survival", 
      "cells", 
      "gene products", 
      "inhibition", 
      "IL-3", 
      "vivo", 
      "expression", 
      "helper-1", 
      "asthmatics", 
      "rhinitis", 
      "IL-10", 
      "CD4", 
      "IL-6", 
      "IL-13", 
      "IL-2", 
      "dermatitis", 
      "eosinophils", 
      "lymphocytes", 
      "TNF\u03b1", 
      "such effects", 
      "basophils", 
      "lymphotoxin", 
      "subtypes", 
      "release", 
      "important role", 
      "macrophages", 
      "receptors", 
      "death", 
      "men", 
      "THL", 
      "mediators", 
      "type cells", 
      "clones", 
      "role", 
      "genes", 
      "years", 
      "response", 
      "individuals", 
      "hybridization", 
      "evidence", 
      "differentiation", 
      "levels", 
      "sites", 
      "action", 
      "only source", 
      "effect", 
      "localization", 
      "subclasses", 
      "patterns", 
      "technique", 
      "reaction", 
      "situ detection", 
      "detection", 
      "production", 
      "products", 
      "relation", 
      "method", 
      "chapter", 
      "source", 
      "applications", 
      "example", 
      "particular mRNA expression", 
      "cytokine secretion CD4", 
      "secretion CD4", 
      "helper-2 (Th2) type cells", 
      "Thl type cell clones", 
      "type cell clones", 
      "Th2 type cell clones", 
      "cytokine expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition", 
      "expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition", 
      "exhibit reciprocal inhibition", 
      "immunoglobin production"
    ], 
    "name": "In Situ Detection of Cytokines in Allergic Inflammation", 
    "pagination": "327-335", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1005841148"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9095261"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005841148"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:49", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_185.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

222 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      143 URIs      136 LITERALS      16 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46 schema:about N1d232ef2da81411a8c90e2984d96e511
2 N2eafa0d4f24a4aceb333f2a3b4dc82a2
3 N3296a9e8bc714635862a6f5c944dbd9f
4 N598d8c87e5c54b6bbabda0f60eb6f162
5 N70767620f0cd4f5fb2e4855bdccc601b
6 Na6d40c84be124be2af0afd648ac4fc66
7 Nabc22056eac14ebd9ef5b55beafb22ef
8 Ndeb5696147e547f6b88a5101a85f94ad
9 anzsrc-for:11
10 anzsrc-for:1107
11 schema:author N24eaa24a87be4040a8faeba52e652092
12 schema:datePublished 1996
13 schema:datePublishedReg 1996-01-01
14 schema:description It is now clear that T-cell derived cytokines are important chemical mediators of inflammatory response in allergic diseases. According to their particular mRNA expression and cytokine secretion CD4 positive T lymphocytes were divided into T helper-1 (Thl) and T helper-2 (Th2) type cells (1). Thl type cell clones produce IL-2, IFNγ and lymphotoxin whereas Th2 type cell clones produce IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-13. Both T cell subtypes produce IL-3, GM-CSF and TNFα. Thl and Th2 patterns of cytokine expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition via the release of IFNγ and IL-4 respectively. Due to their release of IL-4, Th2 cell clones are involved in immunoglobin production, specifically of the IgE subclass (2). Th2 cytokines are also instrumental in regulating eosinophil differentiation and survival in vitro via the actions of secreted IL-5, IL-3 and GM-CSF (3). Such effects in vivo may explain the increased tissue survival at the site of allergic inflammation and could also contribute to the inhibition of programmed cell death. It is now clear that T-cells are not the only source of cytokines; eosinophils, mast cells, basophils, macrophages and epithelial cells may also produce cytokines that could be involved in allergic inflammation. Whilst there is growing evidence to suggest that cytokines are playing an important role in initiating and maintaining inflammatory reactions associated with allergic disease in man, to confirm such a role it will be essential to identify the expression of cytokine genes and gene products and to localize cytokine receptors in vivo at the level of the tissue. During the last few years we have been using various methods to identify the in situ expression of cytokines in tissues obtained from asthmatics, allergic rhinitis and individuals with atopic dermatitis. The most widely used techniques to identify the expression of cytokines within tissues are in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. In this chapter, the techniques of in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry will be described in the relation to the localization of cytokine genes and gene products. Examples of the application of these techniques to localize cytokines in tissue obtained from the sites of allergic inflammatory reactions will also be discussed.
15 schema:editor N5d2112e2bd16417284377ece66171996
16 schema:genre chapter
17 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
18 schema:isPartOf N1714725a0d3545608d9c946945167b0d
19 schema:keywords CD4
20 GM-CSF
21 IFNγ
22 IL-10
23 IL-13
24 IL-2
25 IL-3
26 IL-4
27 IL-5
28 IL-6
29 IgE subclasses
30 THL
31 TNFα
32 Th2 cell clones
33 Th2 cytokines
34 Th2 pattern
35 Th2 type cell clones
36 Thl type cell clones
37 action
38 allergic diseases
39 allergic inflammation
40 allergic inflammatory reactions
41 allergic rhinitis
42 applications
43 asthmatics
44 atopic dermatitis
45 basophils
46 cell clones
47 cell death
48 cell subtypes
49 cells
50 chapter
51 chemical mediators
52 clones
53 cytokine expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition
54 cytokine genes
55 cytokine receptors
56 cytokine secretion CD4
57 cytokines
58 death
59 dermatitis
60 detection
61 differentiation
62 disease
63 effect
64 eosinophil differentiation
65 eosinophils
66 epithelial cells
67 evidence
68 example
69 exhibit reciprocal inhibition
70 expression
71 expression exhibit reciprocal inhibition
72 expression of cytokines
73 gene products
74 genes
75 helper-1
76 helper-2 (Th2) type cells
77 hybridization
78 immunocytochemistry
79 immunoglobin production
80 important chemical mediator
81 important role
82 individuals
83 inflammation
84 inflammatory reaction
85 inflammatory response
86 inhibition
87 levels
88 localization
89 lymphocytes
90 lymphotoxin
91 mRNA expression
92 macrophages
93 mast cells
94 mediators
95 men
96 method
97 only source
98 particular mRNA expression
99 patterns
100 production
101 products
102 reaction
103 receptors
104 reciprocal inhibition
105 relation
106 release
107 release of IFNγ
108 release of IL-4
109 response
110 rhinitis
111 role
112 secretion CD4
113 sites
114 situ detection
115 situ expression
116 situ hybridization
117 source
118 subclasses
119 subtypes
120 such effects
121 survival
122 technique
123 tissue
124 tissue survival
125 type cell clones
126 type cells
127 vivo
128 years
129 schema:name In Situ Detection of Cytokines in Allergic Inflammation
130 schema:pagination 327-335
131 schema:productId N17ececce482345858b731eb3125b1133
132 Nb27fbc475a6b4d7882e27b6409413fac
133 Nd3dcb756431d4b7abac7f21ef74a463d
134 schema:publisher N69ed7be3db044492bad2df76b7de667d
135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005841148
136 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46
137 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:49
138 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
139 schema:sdPublisher N1ae488430ac74f8bb3662c00c5d52e14
140 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46
141 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
142 sgo:sdDataset chapters
143 rdf:type schema:Chapter
144 N072a0907f13244df8032b178f152f25e rdf:first N86f01a518ce14a079e1e392c61b7b14d
145 rdf:rest rdf:nil
146 N1714725a0d3545608d9c946945167b0d schema:isbn 978-1-4613-7684-2
147 978-1-4615-5855-2
148 schema:name New Horizons in Allergy Immunotherapy
149 rdf:type schema:Book
150 N17ececce482345858b731eb3125b1133 schema:name doi
151 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4615-5855-2_46
152 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
153 N1ae488430ac74f8bb3662c00c5d52e14 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
154 rdf:type schema:Organization
155 N1d232ef2da81411a8c90e2984d96e511 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
156 schema:name Hypersensitivity
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 N24eaa24a87be4040a8faeba52e652092 rdf:first sg:person.016215742657.56
159 rdf:rest N9a40b132e7e241a78b2c06c7cc0b07fb
160 N2eafa0d4f24a4aceb333f2a3b4dc82a2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
161 schema:name Inflammation
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 N3296a9e8bc714635862a6f5c944dbd9f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
164 schema:name In Situ Hybridization
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 N43ff5aa73cd243babf45ad7ad6f7fcc2 rdf:first N67982f5cefad4399a6ee2e01d185c8e7
167 rdf:rest N072a0907f13244df8032b178f152f25e
168 N598d8c87e5c54b6bbabda0f60eb6f162 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
169 schema:name Immunochemistry
170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
171 N5d2112e2bd16417284377ece66171996 rdf:first N60bc7603914845c2a1c241e1470c2989
172 rdf:rest N43ff5aa73cd243babf45ad7ad6f7fcc2
173 N60bc7603914845c2a1c241e1470c2989 schema:familyName Sehon
174 schema:givenName Alec
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 N67982f5cefad4399a6ee2e01d185c8e7 schema:familyName HayGlass
177 schema:givenName Kent T.
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 N69ed7be3db044492bad2df76b7de667d schema:name Springer Nature
180 rdf:type schema:Organisation
181 N70767620f0cd4f5fb2e4855bdccc601b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
182 schema:name RNA, Messenger
183 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
184 N86f01a518ce14a079e1e392c61b7b14d schema:familyName Kraft
185 schema:givenName Dietrich
186 rdf:type schema:Person
187 N9a40b132e7e241a78b2c06c7cc0b07fb rdf:first sg:person.01350225333.29
188 rdf:rest rdf:nil
189 Na6d40c84be124be2af0afd648ac4fc66 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
190 schema:name Humans
191 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
192 Nabc22056eac14ebd9ef5b55beafb22ef schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
193 schema:name Animals
194 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
195 Nb27fbc475a6b4d7882e27b6409413fac schema:name dimensions_id
196 schema:value pub.1005841148
197 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
198 Nd3dcb756431d4b7abac7f21ef74a463d schema:name pubmed_id
199 schema:value 9095261
200 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
201 Ndeb5696147e547f6b88a5101a85f94ad schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
202 schema:name Cytokines
203 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
204 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
205 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
206 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
207 anzsrc-for:1107 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
208 schema:name Immunology
209 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
210 sg:person.01350225333.29 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
211 schema:familyName Minshall
212 schema:givenName E.
213 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01350225333.29
214 rdf:type schema:Person
215 sg:person.016215742657.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
216 schema:familyName Hamid
217 schema:givenName Q. A.
218 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016215742657.56
219 rdf:type schema:Person
220 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, 3626 Street Urbain Street, H2X 2P2, Montreal, Quebec, USA
221 schema:name Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, 3626 Street Urbain Street, H2X 2P2, Montreal, Quebec, USA
222 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...