The genus Lactobacillus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1995

AUTHORS

W. P. Hammes , R. F. Vogel

ABSTRACT

Lactobacilli are Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, rods or coccobacilli with a G+C content of DNA usually below 50 mol%. They are strictly fermentative, aero-tolerant or anaerobic, aciduric or acidophilic and have complex nutritional requirements (e.g. for carbohydrates, amino acids, peptides, fatty acid esters, salts, nucleic acid derivatives, and vitamins). They do not synthesize porphyrinoids and thus, are devoid of heme-dependent activities. Strains of some species can use porphorinoids from the environment and exhibit activities of catalase, nitrite reduction or even cytochromes (Meisel, 1991). Pseudo-catalase is formed in strains of Lb. mali. With glucose as a carbon source lactobacilli may be either homofermentative, producing more than 85% lactic acid, or hetero-fermentative, producing lactic acid, CO2, ethanol (and/or acetic acid) in equimolar amounts. In the presence of oxygen or other oxidants increased amounts of acetate may be produced at the expense of lactate or ethanol, whereby one additional mole of ATP is gained via the acetate kinase reaction. Thus, variations in the metabolic end products may occur. Various compounds (e.g. citrate, malate, tartrate, quinolate, nitrate, nitrite, etc.) may be metabolized, and used as energy source (e.g. via building up a proton motive force) or electron acceptors. More... »

PAGES

19-54

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1992-04. Production of formate, acetate, and succinate by anaerobic fermentation of Lactobacillus pentosus in the presence of citrate in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1994. Taxonomy of Lactic Acid Bacteria in BACTERIOCINS OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA
  • 1978-09. Die Mikroflora des Sauerteiges in EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1983-05. Carbohydrate metabolism in lactic acid bacteria in ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK
  • Book

    TITLE

    The Genera of Lactic Acid Bacteria

    ISBN

    978-1-4613-7666-8
    978-1-4615-5817-0

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5817-0_3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5817-0_3

    DIMENSIONS

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    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5817-0_3'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5817-0_3'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5817-0_3'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5817-0_3'


     

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