Indissociable Chief Factors in the Inductive Phase of Adventitious Rooting View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1997

AUTHORS

Thomas Gaspar , Claire Kevers , Jean-François Hausman

ABSTRACT

It happened that the first discovered and identified phytohormone, indolyl-3-acetic acid (IAA), was early shown to promote or favour adventitious rooting (Thimann and Went, 1934). Later identified natural auxins and synthetic compounds of this category had the same effects (Jackson, 1986). With the years, the rooting property of auxins appeared to be specific to this class of growth regulators since no such clear-cut effect could be apparently obtained by exogenous application of other known phytohormones. Some of them, such as cytokinins and gibberellins, for instance, were even classified as rooting inhibitors (Jackson, 1986; Davis et al, 1988; Davis and Haissig, 1994), although there were papers indicating the necessity of cytokinins for rooting (Letham, 1978) and others showing rooting effects of gibberellins under certain circumstances (Gaspar et al., 1977). On the basis of the effects of exogenous application of auxins, a series of wrong concepts as to their roles had arisen: that auxin is the major triggering agent in rooting, that the application of exogenous auxin is needed to augment the endogenous bulk of auxin, that rooting necessitates the maintenance of a “high” amount of endogenous auxin for a certain (unprecise) time, etc. Because there are inductive/adaptative enzymes to regulate the exo-genously fed hormones (this is well known for auxins and cytokinins) and because application of a hormone may induce modifications in the metabolism of other hormones, such simplistic conclusions may not be drawn. Another associated error was to consider rooting as a single developmental process. More... »

PAGES

55-63

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-5403-5_9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5403-5_9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015760198


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