The Overturning Circulation of the Glacial Atlantic View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1999

AUTHORS

Jean Lynch-Stieglitz , William B. Curry , Niall Slowey , Gavin A. Schmidt

ABSTRACT

Large scale ocean currents are reflected in the density structure of the ocean (geostrophic balance). Density structure for times in the past can be reconstructed using the oxygen isotopic composition of benthic foraminifera. In the upper ocean, currents are strong and density contrasts are large and can easily be resolved from the isotope data. Here we use sediment cores from the Bahamas and off the Atlantic coast of Florida to reconstruct the density structure of the waters in the Florida Straits during the Last Glacial Maximum. Today, the water flowing through the Florida Straits (30Sv) contains both the western limb of the wind driven circulation of the subtropical gyre (17Sv), and the northward flow of waters which compensate North Atlantic Deep Water export (13Sv). We find evidence for substantially reduced flow relative to today (17Sv), especially at intermediate depths. The simplest explanation for the reduced flow is a severe reduction in the strength of the meridional overturning circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. More... »

PAGES

7-31

Book

TITLE

Reconstructing Ocean History

ISBN

978-1-4613-6883-0
978-1-4615-4197-4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-4197-4_2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4197-4_2

DIMENSIONS

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