The Nonlinear Hanle Effect and Its Applications to Laser Physics View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1991

AUTHORS

Giovanni Moruzzi , Franco Strumia , Nicolò Beverini

ABSTRACT

We say that a Hanle effect occurs whenever the following two conditions are simultaneously satisfied: (1) an external field removes the degeneracy of one or more energy levels of a quantum system, and (2) this removal originates a change in some spectroscopic property of the sample (other than the Zeeman frequency shifts). The transition between the zero-field (degenerate) and the high-field (nondegenerate) case occurs in a field region whose extension depends on the homogeneous width of the Zeeman levels and on the gyromagnetic factors of the involved states. In a classical Hanle effect the angular distribution of the polarized components of the fluorescence radiation changes as a function of the field intensity while the external field is swept through this transition region. Different behaviors are observed according to the experimental geometry. We have seen in the preceding chapters that the classical Hanle effect can be described in terms of absorption and spontaneous emission, disregarding stimulated emission. The presence of stimulated emission becomes important when the radiation intensity is high enough to introduce visible changes in the level populations, and thus a visible decrease in the total absorption coefficient. More... »

PAGES

123-235

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

The Hanle Effect and Level-Crossing Spectroscopy

ISBN

978-1-4613-6707-9
978-1-4615-3826-4

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-3826-4_4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-3826-4_4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008561502


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184 schema:description We say that a Hanle effect occurs whenever the following two conditions are simultaneously satisfied: (1) an external field removes the degeneracy of one or more energy levels of a quantum system, and (2) this removal originates a change in some spectroscopic property of the sample (other than the Zeeman frequency shifts). The transition between the zero-field (degenerate) and the high-field (nondegenerate) case occurs in a field region whose extension depends on the homogeneous width of the Zeeman levels and on the gyromagnetic factors of the involved states. In a classical Hanle effect the angular distribution of the polarized components of the fluorescence radiation changes as a function of the field intensity while the external field is swept through this transition region. Different behaviors are observed according to the experimental geometry. We have seen in the preceding chapters that the classical Hanle effect can be described in terms of absorption and spontaneous emission, disregarding stimulated emission. The presence of stimulated emission becomes important when the radiation intensity is high enough to introduce visible changes in the level populations, and thus a visible decrease in the total absorption coefficient.
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