The Organic Geochemistry of Carbonaceous Meteorites View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1993

AUTHORS

Michael H. Engel , Stephen A. Macko , Bartholomew Nagy

ABSTRACT

The stable carbon isotope record of bulk organic matter (i.e., kerogen) in ancient rock samples indicates that living systems may have existed on Earth 3.5 billion years ago (e.g., Schidlowski, 1987,1988,1991). It is generally accepted that life originated on the Earth and that organic compounds deemed essential for its origin, for example, amino acids, formed via prebiotic mechanisms prior to this event. Thus, an appreciation of the distribution, stereochemistry, and stable isotope compositions of amino acids in ancient terrestrial and extraterrestrial systems is of fundamental importance with respect to (1) evaluating mechanisms for prebiotic organic synthesis at the time of (and perhaps prior to) the formation of the solar system (e.g., Ferris, 1984; Cronin et al., 1988; Oró et al., 1990), (2) determining the potential contribution of extraterrestrial organic matter to Earth via comet and meteorite bombardment (e.g., Nagy, 1985; Nagy et al., 1987; Zhao and Bada, 1989; Zahnle and Grinspoon, 1990; Chyba et al., 1990; Chyba and Sagan, 1992), and (3) understanding the nature of the organic compounds available for the origin of the first living systems on Earth (e.g., Mullie and Reisse, 1987; Miller, 1992, and this volume, Chapter 30). More... »

PAGES

685-695

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_33

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2890-6_33

DIMENSIONS

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