The Pathological Consequences of Bacterial Adhesion to Medical Devices View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1994

AUTHORS

J. W. Costerton

ABSTRACT

Bacterial adhesion is something of an anomaly in this symposium, which addresses the elaborate processes whereby human tissues and cells interact by means of very specific molecular ligands. Bacteria do have very specific adhesion systems, usually involving pili (Deneke et al., 1981), which react with cell surface proteins or with fibronectin to mediate very specific pathogenic interactions—as in the adhesion of cells of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) to endothelial cells of certain regions of the intestine of newborn calves and lambs. However, bacteria live in a wide variety of environments, and rigorous specificity of the adhesion process that is pivotal to their ecological success would be counterproductive because, in order to be successful, they must adhere to a wide variety of inert and living surfaces (Costerton et al., 1978). Bacterial pathogens that adhere to specific human tissues, such as the adhesion of Salmonella typhi to crypt cells in the intestine, have been largely controlled by modern antibiotics and by vaccines that are often designed to counteract their specific adhesion and toxigenic mechanisms. Modern bacterial pathogens, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, are ubiquitous in their distribution: the former species is actually the most numerous organism on earth because it predominates in all salt and freshwater ecosystems. More... »

PAGES

241-257

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1978-01. How Bacteria Stick in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • Book

    TITLE

    Cellular Adhesion

    ISBN

    978-1-4613-6050-6
    978-1-4615-2466-3

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4615-2466-3_14

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2466-3_14

    DIMENSIONS

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