High-Density, Low-Enriched Uranium-Based Target for Radioisotope Production View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

Gary L. Solbrekken , Kyler K. Turner , Srisharan G. Govindarajan

ABSTRACT

Demand for a reliable, economic, steady supply of radioisotopes for medical diagnostic imaging is growing globally. The current process most commonly used for Molybdenum-99 production, the most widely used radioisotope, is through fission product recovery from uranium targets that have been neutron irradiated in a reactor. Current targets use high-enriched uranium (HEU) as the seed material. Nonproliferation efforts made by the United States and other partner nations are leading to the elimination of HEU. A replacement target strategy is therefore needed. Fission-product recovery using high-density, low-enriched uranium targets is explored in this chapter. The development of a new target for reactor-based irradiation production requires that safety constraints imposed by the reactor be met. Those safety constraints are typically in the form of a maximum temperature limit and a fission-product release limit. They effectively imply that a target be structurally sound while providing effective heat transfer paths from the fissioning uranium and the reactor coolant. A unique feature of the high-density target described in this chapter is the monolithic structure of the uranium—basically that it is a piece of metal foil as opposed to a dispersion compact. The monolithic structure provides challenges as far as evaluating the thermal and mechanical design of the target. Analysis suggests that safe irradiation of a high-density target is possible. Further coupled analysis with the target assembly process is needed to provide robustness to the analysis described in this chapter. More... »

PAGES

269-305

Book

TITLE

Uranium Processing and Properties

ISBN

978-1-4614-7590-3
978-1-4614-7591-0

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-7591-0_9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7591-0_9

DIMENSIONS

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