The Effect of Supplementary Pulverised Fuel Ash on Calcium Aluminate Phosphate Cement for Intermediate-Level Waste Encapsulation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

2013

AUTHORS

P. Swift , H. Kinoshita , N. C. Collier

ABSTRACT

The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effects of supplementary pulverised fuel ash on phosphate-modified calcium aluminate cement. These systems are being established as part of a wider project to develop alternative cementing systems for the encapsulation of problematic low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste in the UK. The nuclear industry has established specific processing and property criteria, which must be fulfilled to ensure suitability for industrial application. In a series of studies, pulverised fuel ash was used as a partial replacement for calcium aluminate cement to improve the fluidity of the system and increase the setting time. Properties such as slurry pH and fluidity, setting time, mechanical properties, and porosity were investigated using Vicat, Colflow, and compressive strength testing equipment and mercury intrusion porosimetry. The hardened cement pastes were also characterised using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. A formulation envelope was identified, which fulfilled the plant acceptance tests defined by industry to ensure suitability for industrial application. It was found that pH of calcium aluminate phosphate cements is lower than that of conventional cementing systems used to encapsulate radioactive waste in the UK. Hence, they have potential to be used as an alternative cementing system for the encapsulation of problematic radioactive metals. More... »

PAGES

215-224

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Cement-Based Materials for Nuclear Waste Storage

ISBN

978-1-4614-3444-3
978-1-4614-3445-0

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-3445-0_19

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3445-0_19

DIMENSIONS

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