Laser Snow Effect in CS2 Vapour View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1983

AUTHORS

Krzysztof Ernst

ABSTRACT

The formation of micron-size particles in a gas system induced by laser radiation was reported for the first time by Tam, Moe and Happer [1] in 1975. In their experiment the argon laser beam passing through a gas mixture of caesium vapour, hydrogen and helium induced the formation of small white particles identified as caesium-hydride crystals. The observed phenomenon was called “laser snow.” Since then the laser snow effect has been observed in several gases illuminated by different laser lines [2–11]. Due to chemical reactions induced by laser light in a given gas system and subsequent condensation and coagulation processes small particles of size varying from 0.5 µ to 4 µ are formed. The particles cause intense scattering of laser light and they can be easily recognized by eye in the form of falling snow. A typical velocity of fall is of the order of mm/s. More... »

PAGES

331-337

References to SciGraph publications

Book

TITLE

Advances in Laser Spectroscopy

ISBN

978-1-4613-3717-1
978-1-4613-3715-7

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042695784


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0306", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Warsaw", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12847.38", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, Hoza 69, Warsaw, Poland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ernst", 
        "givenName": "Krzysztof", 
        "id": "sg:person.011645777325.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011645777325.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-67054-1_45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001116532", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-67054-1_45"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(80)80537-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005382676"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/v76-333", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012480065"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80088-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024242894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80595-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031394795"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(79)80063-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032148356"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)89005-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037052404"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/jphyslet:019800041013030500", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057009104"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.435737", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058013768"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.439877", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058017906"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440446", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058018475"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.35.1630", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060779613"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.35.1630", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060779613"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1983", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1983-01-01", 
    "description": "The formation of micron-size particles in a gas system induced by laser radiation was reported for the first time by Tam, Moe and Happer [1] in 1975. In their experiment the argon laser beam passing through a gas mixture of caesium vapour, hydrogen and helium induced the formation of small white particles identified as caesium-hydride crystals. The observed phenomenon was called \u201claser snow.\u201d Since then the laser snow effect has been observed in several gases illuminated by different laser lines [2\u201311]. Due to chemical reactions induced by laser light in a given gas system and subsequent condensation and coagulation processes small particles of size varying from 0.5 \u00b5 to 4 \u00b5 are formed. The particles cause intense scattering of laser light and they can be easily recognized by eye in the form of falling snow. A typical velocity of fall is of the order of mm/s.", 
    "editor": [
      {
        "familyName": "Arecchi", 
        "givenName": "F. T.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Strumia", 
        "givenName": "F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Walther", 
        "givenName": "H.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "genre": "chapter", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": {
      "isbn": [
        "978-1-4613-3717-1", 
        "978-1-4613-3715-7"
      ], 
      "name": "Advances in Laser Spectroscopy", 
      "type": "Book"
    }, 
    "name": "Laser Snow Effect in CS2 Vapour", 
    "pagination": "331-337", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "cb609a31930ee25eb0300c91472c9ee4006237d437e31399eb2c362abba8e00a"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1042695784"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "publisher": {
      "location": "Boston, MA", 
      "name": "Springer US", 
      "type": "Organisation"
    }, 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042695784"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "chapters", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T17:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8678_00000269.jsonl", 
    "type": "Chapter", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

112 TRIPLES      23 PREDICATES      39 URIs      20 LITERALS      8 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
2 anzsrc-for:0306
3 schema:author Nca6f2f12685a46dfb2e1a8122387a349
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-67054-1_45
5 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80088-2
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80595-2
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)89005-8
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(79)80063-9
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(80)80537-9
10 https://doi.org/10.1051/jphyslet:019800041013030500
11 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.435737
12 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.439877
13 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440446
14 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.35.1630
15 https://doi.org/10.1139/v76-333
16 schema:datePublished 1983
17 schema:datePublishedReg 1983-01-01
18 schema:description The formation of micron-size particles in a gas system induced by laser radiation was reported for the first time by Tam, Moe and Happer [1] in 1975. In their experiment the argon laser beam passing through a gas mixture of caesium vapour, hydrogen and helium induced the formation of small white particles identified as caesium-hydride crystals. The observed phenomenon was called “laser snow.” Since then the laser snow effect has been observed in several gases illuminated by different laser lines [2–11]. Due to chemical reactions induced by laser light in a given gas system and subsequent condensation and coagulation processes small particles of size varying from 0.5 µ to 4 µ are formed. The particles cause intense scattering of laser light and they can be easily recognized by eye in the form of falling snow. A typical velocity of fall is of the order of mm/s.
19 schema:editor Nba40170d97354dbaad87e6e6baa72304
20 schema:genre chapter
21 schema:inLanguage en
22 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
23 schema:isPartOf N4316f45bbf97427ebcce9ea7a34be999
24 schema:name Laser Snow Effect in CS2 Vapour
25 schema:pagination 331-337
26 schema:productId N2ce9816a4e934330add4fa9b301a140f
27 N4d6457e09824452b901867a9a30020e1
28 N93cb35c0da2e4032acbd95c95d536947
29 schema:publisher N5e2ff98ee1d0475fb4f232dd6d909df0
30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042695784
31 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15
32 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T17:15
33 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
34 schema:sdPublisher N5848ba0be3e9469fbc9e2c522a864174
35 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15
36 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
37 sgo:sdDataset chapters
38 rdf:type schema:Chapter
39 N2ce9816a4e934330add4fa9b301a140f schema:name dimensions_id
40 schema:value pub.1042695784
41 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
42 N4316f45bbf97427ebcce9ea7a34be999 schema:isbn 978-1-4613-3715-7
43 978-1-4613-3717-1
44 schema:name Advances in Laser Spectroscopy
45 rdf:type schema:Book
46 N48b8d54dc58e4bbb863fd84368f74ef5 schema:familyName Strumia
47 schema:givenName F.
48 rdf:type schema:Person
49 N4d6457e09824452b901867a9a30020e1 schema:name readcube_id
50 schema:value cb609a31930ee25eb0300c91472c9ee4006237d437e31399eb2c362abba8e00a
51 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
52 N5848ba0be3e9469fbc9e2c522a864174 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
53 rdf:type schema:Organization
54 N5e2ff98ee1d0475fb4f232dd6d909df0 schema:location Boston, MA
55 schema:name Springer US
56 rdf:type schema:Organisation
57 N83de6ccde9a6407bba31ec2c64fb14ba rdf:first N8bebe8693bca4897aa254453e2100cd8
58 rdf:rest rdf:nil
59 N8bebe8693bca4897aa254453e2100cd8 schema:familyName Walther
60 schema:givenName H.
61 rdf:type schema:Person
62 N93cb35c0da2e4032acbd95c95d536947 schema:name doi
63 schema:value 10.1007/978-1-4613-3715-7_15
64 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
65 Nba40170d97354dbaad87e6e6baa72304 rdf:first Ne6ea30fb2118411bbb60c408c9e6953f
66 rdf:rest Nff59d43228b9416b9d1b70931ab204a2
67 Nca6f2f12685a46dfb2e1a8122387a349 rdf:first sg:person.011645777325.05
68 rdf:rest rdf:nil
69 Ne6ea30fb2118411bbb60c408c9e6953f schema:familyName Arecchi
70 schema:givenName F. T.
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 Nff59d43228b9416b9d1b70931ab204a2 rdf:first N48b8d54dc58e4bbb863fd84368f74ef5
73 rdf:rest N83de6ccde9a6407bba31ec2c64fb14ba
74 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
75 schema:name Chemical Sciences
76 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
77 anzsrc-for:0306 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
78 schema:name Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
80 sg:person.011645777325.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12847.38
81 schema:familyName Ernst
82 schema:givenName Krzysztof
83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011645777325.05
84 rdf:type schema:Person
85 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-67054-1_45 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001116532
86 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-67054-1_45
87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
88 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80088-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024242894
89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
90 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80595-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031394795
91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
92 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)89005-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037052404
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(79)80063-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032148356
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(80)80537-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005382676
97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
98 https://doi.org/10.1051/jphyslet:019800041013030500 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057009104
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.435737 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058013768
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.439877 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058017906
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440446 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058018475
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.35.1630 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060779613
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1139/v76-333 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012480065
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12847.38 schema:alternateName University of Warsaw
111 schema:name Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, Hoza 69, Warsaw, Poland
112 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...