The Humoral Anti-Islet Immune Response: Cytoplasmic Islet-Cell Antibodies: Technical Aspects and Clinical Applications View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:Chapter     


Chapter Info

DATE

1990

AUTHORS

Helga Gleichmann , Gian Franco Bottazzo

ABSTRACT

For many decades, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM, type I diabetes) was regarded as a metabolic disorder with a typical acute clinical onset. In the last decade, however, a number of studies have led to substantial changes in previous concepts of the etiopathogenesis of the disease. Immunologic, genetic, and epidemiologic studies (for review, see Refs. 1–3) indicate that the majority of patients with IDDM have a long, clinically asymptomatic, prediabetic period. This phase is characterized by autoimmune phenomena and very subtle metabolic changes,4 which may antedate the clinical manifestation of insulin deficiency for many months and sometimes years. Organ-specific autoimmune reactions most likely play an essential role in the progressive destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells of the islets of Langerhans; unequivocal proof for a direct autoimmune attack against beta-cells has yet to be demonstrated, however, despite the finding of a constellation of immune abnormalities around and inside injured islets at the time of diagnosis.5 More... »

PAGES

68-86

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1984-01. Clinical time-course and characteristics of islet cell cytoplasmatic antibodies in childhood diabetes in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1985-09. Islet cell antibodies in the Japanese population and subjects with Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1980-01. Islet-cell antibodies and beta-cell function in insulin-dependent diabetics in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1984-07. Correlation of islet cell antibodies and HLA-DR phenotypes with diabetes mellitus in adults in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1984-06. Clinical and subclinical organ-specific autoimmune manifestations in Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients and their first-degree relatives in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1988-07. Immunology and diabetes workshop: Report on the third international (Stage 3) workshop on the standardisation of cytoplasmic islet cell antibodies in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1987-04. Immunology and Diabetes Workshops: Report of the Second International Workshop on the Standardisation of Cytoplasmic Islet Cell Antibodies in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1986-02. A two-colour immunofluorescence test with a monoclonal human proinsulin antibody improves the assay for islet cell antibodies in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1985-12. Increased reduction in fasting C-peptide is associated with islet cell antibodies in Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1986-02. Immunology and Diabetes Workshops: report of the first international workshop on the standardisation of cytoplasmic islet cell antibodies in DIABETOLOGIA
  • 1983-11. Immune abnormalities in diabetic patients not requiring insulin at diagnosis in DIABETOLOGIA
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  • 1986-06. A new method of detection of islet cell antibodies (ICA) using peroxidase-labeled protein A, and incidence of ICA in Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes in DIABETOLOGIA
  • Book

    TITLE

    Autoimmunity and the Pathogenesis of Diabetes

    ISBN

    978-1-4612-7920-4
    978-1-4612-3218-6

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-1-4612-3218-6_4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3218-6_4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007974390


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